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2017.12.08 Friday

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     How to grow a lemon,

     

                                 Part 2

     

      While a beginner inspect the

     

                        cultivation method.

     

            (INDEX to 3-◆


     

     

     

     

     

     

    ■ Index

     

    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

     

      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

     

    I went to Shimanami Kaido!

     

     

    2、The history of the lemon

     

    ・The first lemon

    ・A lemon came over to Japan.

     

     

    3、About how to grow a lemon.

     

      On the cultivation of the lemon.

     

    ・Area suitable for the cultivation of the lemon

    ・The tree bears fruit with one

    ・Time is necessary before it bears a fruit for the first time

     

    How to buy young plants, various kinds

     

    ・A stick seedling and large seedling

    ・When should we buy a seedling?

    ・How to choose good young plants

     

     

     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

    ぁWatering

    ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden? Or,is it a potted plant?

    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

    АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

    ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

     Care for flower, bud (I work on pollination)

     Cutting of the lemon

     Grafted tree of the lemon

     The pruning of the lemon

     Cold measures

     Lemon cultivation and insects

     How to grow a lemon in the porch

     

     

    5、Pest of the lemon

     Coccoidea

    ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

     Citrus leafminer

    ぁBell moth

    ァAphid

    ΑSpider Mite

    АLonghorn beetle

    ─Thrips

     

     

    6、Disease of the lemon

     Melanose

    ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

     Elsinoë fawcettii

    ぁGray mold

    ァCercospora leaf mold

     

     

    7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

     A leaf is yellow

    ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

     A flower falls (a flower does not bloom)

    ぁA fruit falls

     

     

    8、Work according to the month

     

     

    9、Eating a lemon

     

     

    10、Recipe using the lemon

     

     

     

     

     

     

    3、About how to grow a lemon

     

     

      Soil, manure

     

        (effective microorganisms)

     

     

    👉 How much is the quantity of

     

       fertilization?

     

     

     

    ☝In the case of a smartphone, a screen

     spreads with touch.

     

     

     

    When we grow lemons,

     

    how much

     

    ◆when must we give the manure?

     

    I checked it in various ways, but there

     

    was not the same information. Quantity

     

    of fertilization. Time. The number of

     

    times to give in the year.

     

    It was different each. But I describe it

     

    as there was a point becoming similar

     

    mention.

     

     

     

     

    a.Lemon cultivation requires a lot

     

      of manure.

     

    Generally, it is said that the citrus

     

    fruits consume fertilizer in comparison

     

    with other fruit trees. In particular, a

     

    lemon is a fruit tree consuming

     

    fertilizer in that citrus fruits.

     

    The lemon has much quantity of

     

    outbreak of the branch.

     

     

    In addition, it flowers many times in a

     

    year,and this is because it needs much

     

    nourishment. A root goes bad even if we

     

    give a lot of manure at a time and flows

     

    out before manure is absorbed.

     

    Therefore it is common I divide it into

     

    several times a year, and to give manure

     

    while grow a lemon.

     

     

     

    b.I surround organic quality compound

     

          fertilizer in about February

     

          (initial fertilization).

     

         In addition, I sprinkle mineral

     

        matter compound fertilizer in another

     

         month   (additional fertilizing).

     

     

     

    Organic quality compound fertilizer

     

    ; Seedcake, chicken droppings,

     

          fish meal, compost, cow dung.

     

     

     Improvement of the soil is effective.

     

     (soil softens, and water retentivity

     

        increases)

     

    ◆Slow-release.

     

     Microbes increase.

     

    ぁThere are few manure ingredients.

     

    ァThe smell is special, and an insect

     

          may be boiled.

     

     

     

    Mineral matter compound fertilizer

     

    ; Compound fertilizer, urea.

     

     

     We fertilize three major nutrients

     

         (nitrogen, phosphoric acid,

     

          potassium) efficiently.

     

    ◆There are slow-release and immediate

     

          effect and can choose it.

     

     It tends to be cheaper than organic

     

          quality manure.

     

    ぁOnly with mineral matter, soil

     

          environment worsens.

     

          (The soil will lose weight)

     

    ァIt may cause manure desperation.

     

          (overdoing)

     

    ΑThere is not the smell, and there is

     

        not the worry to breed in an insect.

     

     

    Most of organic quality manure are

     

    slow-release and few manure ingredients.

     

     

    The lemon needs a lot of manure. When

     

    quick effect characteristics are demanded

     

    like after-season fertilizing, experience

     

    and an effort seem to be necessary to

     

    cultivate a lemon only in organic quality

     

    manure.

     

     

    So there seem to be many descriptions

     

    that "sprinkle organic quality compound

     

    fertilizer on the initial fertilization,

     

    and sprinkle mineral matter compound

     

    fertilizer on the additional fertilizing"

     

    to make use of both good points.

     

     

     

    c.It is the almost same

     

          when I see it by an annual unit.

     

     

    There seem to be various descriptions as

     

    mentioned above when we consider quantity

     

    of fertilization and the fertilization

     

    number of times each. But, when we judge

     

    the quantity of fertilization X number

     

    of times」from an annual unit, the gross

     

    weight of the manure to give is almost

     

    same.

     

    I think that you may change the number of

     

    times to fertilize from a point of view

     

    that "The lemon is easy to absorb manure

     

    if you distribute the number of times to

     

    fertilize".

     

     

     

    d.Method to sprinkle manure

     

     

    A garden Plant

     

    We sprinkle manure on the surface of the

     

    land uniformly in a range (Trunk Diameter)

     

    where the branches and leaves grow.

     

    The manure is good just to sprinkle it on

     

    the surface of the land. But, absorption

     

    of the manure improves when we mix it

     

    with soil lightly.

     

     

     

    A potted plant

     

    I sprinkle manure on the surface of the

     

    potting compost uniformly. It is not

     

    necessary to mix it with soil.

     

     

     

    👉 Please careful about manure

     

           desperation !

     

     

    As much as we give a manure, it is not

     

    good. The density of fertility in the

     

    soil rises when I fertilize it too much,

     

    and the water of the root is robbed of

     

    it under the influence of osmotic

     

    pressure.

     

    It can be expected, "a lemon withers up

     

    even if I put up a lot of water".

     

     

    When a ratio of compound fertilizer uses

     

    expensive fertilizer, attention is

     

    necessary.

     

     

     

    It washes away fertility in the soil

     

    if we cause manure desperation.

     

    In the case of a potted plant, we do

     

    water about 5 times as normal,

     

    and water flows out of the bowl

     

    bottom for a while.

     

    You seem to perform this work every day

     

    for about five days.

     

     

     

     

    👉 The measurement and adjustment

     

           of the acidity in the soil

     

     

    The root of the citrus fruit likes weak

     

    acidity around ph 5.5-6.0 in the soil.

     

    The growth of the tree worsens so that

     

    the acidity of the soil is separated from

     

    ph5 .5-6.0. Using acidity measurement

     

    liquid, a value of the acidity should be

     

    coordinated when values are different

     

    more than 1.0 from ph5 .5-6.0 back

     

    and forth.

     

     

    We use lime for a case to raise soil ph

     

    (can get closer to the neutrality).

     

    The magnesia lime includes magnesium

     

    and seems to be recommended as action

     

    is slow.

     

    300g of magnesia lime is necessary to put

     

    up 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

     

    land. We use sublimed sulfur for a case

     

    to lower soil ph (can get closer

     

    to the acidity).

     

    200g of sublimed sulfur is necessary to

     

    lower 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

     

    land.

     

     

    I measured the acidity of the soil, too.

     

    I could easily measure when I used the

     

    acidity measurement liquid.

     

     

     

    Please refer 「I measured ph!」.

     

     

     

    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

     

     

     

    👉 I try to sprinkle effective

     

           microorganisms

     

     

    I read an article to "cultivate the lemon

     

    without using the pesticide".

     

     

     The probability to be damaged of a

     

    disease and the insect rises when we

     

    give a lot of manure.

     

     

     

    ◆The tree of lemon meets the life

     

    immediately when we reduce manure

     

    and we cultivate it while suppressing

     

    the pruning. (it becomes weak)

     

     

     

     So we make met environment with

     

    probiotic.

     

     

    "We make met environment with probiotic".

     

    In other words, we sprinkle effective

     

    microorganisms and a fermentation microbe

     

    (lactic acid bacterium, yeast,

     

    photosynthetic bacteria) and make the

     

    soil better (the probiotic is higher than

     

    the viuses and bacteria which are a

     

    microbe letting a thing oxidize).

     

    Then we can enable the organic farming

     

    that we can revivify power of the

     

    original soil and is hard to match pest

     

    damage.

     

    (We interfere with being deceived by a

     

    disease and an insect even if we give an

     

    organic fertilizer)

     

    It is like such a thing when I gather

     

    it up.

     

     

     

     

    <What is an effective microorganisms?>

     

     

     

    The word "EM" took an initial of

     

    "Effective Microorganism" (useful microbe

     

    group), and EM is cultured by so many

     

    kinds of useful microbes.

     

    {* But "EM" is a coined word (trademark)

     

    by Professor Hika who is a advocate of

     

    EM, and is a central researcher.

     

    So,"EM" is not a technical term in the

     

    general microbiology.}

     

     

     

    We can measure the acidity (ph) in the

     

    soil, but it is difficult to measure the

     

    state of bacteria.

     

    It is difficult to confirm that to

     

    maintain the state (good balance) of

     

    the bacteria become a direct cause to

     

    prevent a disease and a pest.

     

     

    On the other hand, it seems to be caused

     

    by the environment (including the state

     

    of the soil) that a pest comes, and

     

    branches and leaves get sick.

     

    I think that it is very good to sprinkle

     

    good bacteria because I do not spread

     

    bad bacteria.

     

    I make EM manure and EM wash and sprinkle

     

    it.

     

    I think that the result has just begun,

     

    but want to make the state an article.

     

     

     

    「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

     

    「I made EM manure!」

     

    「I made EM wash!」     

     

     

    There are others, the related story, too.

     

     

    Effective Microorganism

    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

     

     

     


    ぁWatering

     

     

    The lemon is not so weak against drying.

     

    In the case of a garden plant, there is

     

    little need to do watering other than hot

     

    summer. However, watering is important

     

    work to control growth. Therefore you

     

    will understand a precaution.

     

     

     

    <In the case of a gargen plant>

     

    We are careful not to become the shortage

     

    of water for from July to September that

     

    are the high temperature period. A tree

     

    take the damage when it becomes the

     

    shortage of water, and fruit does not

     

    grow big. Let's give water well by once

     

    for each morning and evening.

     

     

     

    <In the case of a potted plant>

     

    Because the range that the root grows is

     

    limited, periodical watering is

     

    necessary. When we put a bowl under

     

    the eaves to suppress the outbreak of

     

    illness, the soil of the bowl is careful

     

    not to dry in particular. If "the surface

     

    of the potting compost dries, the basics

     

    of the timing to water".

     

     

     

    In spring once in 2-3 days. In the summer

     

    1 to 2 times a day. In autumn once in 1-3

     

    days. In winter once in 3-7 days. This

     

    interval provide an indication of

     

    watering.

     

    When we make a little dry some potting

     

    compost until winter, cold resistance

     

    becomes strong. On the other hand,

     

    we water too much and are careful about

     

    decayed root being caused. "If the

     

    surface of the potting compost dries,

     

    we water".

     

     

     

    Outbreak of illness is controlled when we

     

    water in potting compost so that water

     

    does not hang over the branches and

     

    leaves. In addition, there seems to be

     

    the way called "leaf water-spray" with

     

    direct water over a leaf exceptionally,

     

    too.

     

    This is because it lowers side

     

    temperature of the leaves on a hot day,

     

    and it washes away a dirt and a pest.

     

    Let's perform it on a fine day and on a

     

    day to dry immediately.

     

     

     

     

     

    Do you plant a lemon in the garden? 

     

          Or,is it a potted plant?

     

     

    A gargen plant

     

    <Merit>

     

    ・There are many harvests.

     (a tree grows big)

     

    ・Transplantation is unnecessary.

     

    ・There is little number of times of

     the watering.

     

     Except summer of the intense heat,

     the watering is approximately

     unnecessary.

     

     And so on.

     

    <Demerit>

     

    ・The number of years to harvesttime

     is long.

     

    (After outdoor planting,

     is it difficult for three years?)

     

    ・It is difficult to prevent cold.

     

     When the lemon is less than -3 degrees

     Celsius, it may wither and die.

     

     Therefore we choose the cultivation

     area.

     

    ・Because it is easy to become the big

     tree, the pruning every year is

     indispensable. And so on.

     

     

    The first reason that purchased the tree

     

    of lemon for a garden plant is because I

     

    wanted to harvest a lot of fruit of the

     

    lemon.

     

    However, I became slightly afraid that I

     

    was in trouble if a lemon became so big

     

    and thick when I went to Shimanami Kaido

     

    and looked at the trunk of the lemon in

     

    the lemon field. From this year, I will

     

    prune the tree on lemon properly. It is

     

    difficult to prevent a trunk from

     

    becoming thick, but I'll try to prevent a

     

    tree from growing big.

     

     

     

    A potted plant

     

    <Merit>

     

    ・Years until the first fruition are

     short.

     

    ・We can grow the fruit tree which is

     vulnerable to cold.

     

     We can easily move the seedling of the

     lemon to the room only in winter.

     

     (We do not choose an area and the

     place)

     

    ・It is easy to bear a fruit.

     

    ・We can grow compactly.

     

    ・No worries about a disease and pest

     if we grow lemons in the room.

     

    <Demerit>

     

    ・There are few harvests.

     

    ・Transplantation is necessary.

     (We transplant it in 2-3 years)

     

    ・Watering is necessary frequently.

     

     And so on.

     

     

     

    *「It is easy to bear a fruit」

     

    When the branches and leaves grow too

     

    much popular, most of the nourishment

     

    are used by growth of the branches and

     

    leaves. As a result, the flowers and

     

    fruits cannot take the nourishment, and

     

    it is the tendency that the flowers

     

    and fruits do not grow. We can say this

     

    trend about overall tree not only a

     

    lemon.

     

     

     

     

    The growth of the branches and leaves

     

    links a root. In the case of a garden

     

    plant,the land where a root grows is

     

    large, so the growth of the branches

     

    and leaves is easy to become popular.

     

    As a result, the fruit becomes the

     

    tendency that is hard to grow.

     

    On the other hand,in the case of a potted

     

    plant,the growth of the root is limited,

     

    so the growth of the branches and leaves

     

    is limited, too. As a result, it becomes

     

    the tendency that fruit is easy to

     

    become.

     

     

     

    When we plant a stick seedling, it is

     

    necessary before the first fruition for

     

    4 through 6 years in the case of a garden

     

    plant, but becomes short for 3 through 5

     

    years in the case of a potted plant.

     

     

     

    In other words, the tree gives priority

     

    to grow oneself (now) than to leave the

     

    next generation (in the future).

     

    If a root cannot grow, a root stop

     

    growing oneself and try to begin to leave

     

    the next generation. I think "I use of

     

    this thought and want to find a method to

     

    preferentially grow fruits in the case of

     

    a garden plant,too".

     

     

     

     

     

    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the

      garden

     

     

    👉 Proper time for plantation

     

    Proper time to plant the young plant of

     

    the lemon is from the end of February to

     

    the end of March in Japan. It is good for

     

    the plantation of the seedling becase the

     

    growth of the root is slow and there is

     

    little worry that a seedling is damaged

     

    by cold. In the case of the area where

     

    cold is severe, You may plant it before

     

    it starts sprouting in about April.

     

     

     

    👉 Place to plant a seedling

     

    When we plant a seedling in a sunny place

     

    and in the place that drainage has good,

     

    fruits grow well and come to have good

     

    quality. The place where a strong wind is

     

    easy to blow and chills are easy to

     

    collect will be hard to grow.

     

     

     

    👉 Plantation

     

    We dig the hole nearly 70cm - 100cm in

     

    diameter and 50cm - 75cm in depth. We

     

    dig up soil of area more than the size

     

    of the young plant. It is intended to

     

    plow the soil for the purpose of a root

     

    growing in the future. After having dug

     

    the hole, we coordinate it with the

     

    measurement of the acidity and put

     

    organic matter (humus or compost).

     

     

    This organic matter is intended to make

     

    soil soft and fluffy, and to make

     

    drainage better as manure more. If it is

     

    a hole of 100cm in diameter and 75cm in

     

    depth, the humus mixes 48 - 60ℓ.

     

     

     

    When we plant a young plant, it prevents

     

    a grafted tree part from being covered in

     

    the soil and, also, when we put soil, we

     

    are careful not to be hard very much by

     

    stepping on our feet. In the case of a

     

    stick seedling, a rich branch will grow

     

    in the future when we cut it at a height

     

    of 40cm from a grafted tree part.

     

    And we fix a tree trunk with props for a

     

    while. We do not have to worry that a

     

    tree breaks by strong winds.

     

     

     

     

    And then we water well and add soil

     

    if soil is dented.

     

     

    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

     

     

    I still support it with a prop.! 

     

     

    Even if a typhoon comes,

     

    it becomes the reliable materials.

     

     

     

     

    👉 How to fix forms of the tree

     

    As many branches grow in May, we leave

     

    three branches which is rich and growing

     

    in a good direction, and other branch

     

    cuts it off.( we cultivate it so that

     

    three firm branches grow near the

     

    ground.)

     

    In the second-year March, about 1/3

     

    length cuts off all branches.

     

    And when a lot of branches are divided,

     

    we cut it off to become by 2-3 in one

     

    place.

     

     

     

     

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