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2017.12.09 Saturday

Part 1

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    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

     

     

     

     

     


     How to grow a lemon, Part 1

     

      While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

     

            (INDEX to 3-◆


     

     

     

    〜 Introduction 〜

     

     

     

    I have begun to write a blog of

     

    how to grow a lemon.

     

     

     

    Its number of articles is "56" a little.

     

     

     

    I couldn't find an article.

     

    Where, did I write that article?

     

     

     

    If there is not "a summary",

     

    each article terminates in each article.

     

     

     

     

    From such thought,

     

    I compile each article

     

    as "a book of one how to grow a lemon".

     

     

     

     

    I think that it takes considerable time

     

    so that each article is completed.

     

     

     

     

    But, 

     

     

    I should be able to update it

     

    while inspecting it every day.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ■ Index

     

    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

     

      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

     

    I went to Shimanami Kaido!

     

     

    2、The history of the lemon

     

    ・The first lemon

     

    ・A lemon came over to Japan.

     

     

    3、About how to grow a lemon.

     

      On the cultivation of the lemon.

     

    ・Area suitable for the cultivation

     of the lemon

     

    ・The tree bears fruit with one

     

    ・Time is necessary before it bears a

     fruit for the first time

     

    How to buy young plants, various kinds

     

    ・A stick seedling and large seedling

     

    ・When should we buy a seedling?

     

    ・How to choose good young plants

     

     

     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

     

    ぁWatering

     

    ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden?

      Or,is it a potted plant?

     

    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

     

    АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

     

    ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

     

     Care for flower, bud

      (I work on pollination)

     

     Cutting of the lemon

     

     Grafted tree of the lemon

     

     The pruning of the lemon

     

     Cold measures

     

     Lemon cultivation and insects

     

     How to grow a lemon in the porch

     

     

    5、Pest of the lemon

     

     Coccoidea

     

    ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

     

     Citrus leafminer

     

    ぁBell moth

     

    ァAphid

     

    ΑSpider Mite

     

    АLonghorn beetle

     

    ─Thrips

     

     

    6、Disease of the lemon

     

     Melanose

     

    ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

     

     Elsinoë fawcettii

     

    ぁGray mold

     

    ァCercospora leaf mold

     

     

    7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

     

     A leaf is yellow

     

    ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

     

     A flower falls

      (a flower does not bloom)

     

    ぁA fruit falls

     

     

    8、Work according to the month

     

     

    9、Eating a lemon

     

     

    10、Recipe using the lemon

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

     

     

      Fascinate to grow a lemon

       in a house.

     

     

    Almost persons reading this article

     

    already have a purpose (charm)

     

    to cultivate by yourself.

     

     

    Because you'll already make a fruit tree,

     

    vegetables or be going to make a lemon

     

    from now on.

     

     

    One of a fascinate to grow a lemon in a

     

    house is what we can harvest it at the

     

    most delicious time. The commercial

     

    fruit and vegetables are harvested

     

    before the most ripen fully.

     

     

    This is because it takes time before it

     

    reaches the consumers. The citrus

     

    fruits become sweet with growth.

     

     

    As for the lemon which ripened fully

     

    with becoming the tree, both the taste

     

    and the fragrance are totally another

     

    thing. You can taste a genuine taste

     

    at seasonal time.

     

     

     

     

    Another fascinate to grow a lemon in a

     

    house is what we can eat pesticide-free

     

    fruit, vegetables.

     

     

    In the case of an import lemon, we use

     

    a preservative (mold materials or wax-

     

    proof) not to be corrupt from the

     

    foreign country to the transportation.

     

     

    It does not have a problem that you

     

    eat a lemon after removing peel of

     

    lemon.

     

     

    However, I want to be concerned

     

    with a pesticide-free lemon when I

     

    think about a carcinogenic

     

    teratogenic risk and seem to become.

     

     

    The lemon in particular,

     

    vitamin C is included in the peel of

     

    lemon as same as in the fresh and fruit

     

    juice of lemon.

     

     

    When you thought about nourishment,

     

    you should be able to eat the peel of

     

    lemon, too.

     

     

    I put a slice lemon in the tea. The lemon

     

    to put in the tea has better lemon with

     

    the peel.

     

     

     

    As a matter of course, there is not only

     

    the charm "eating" but also the charm

     

    "appreciating". I only look at the flower

     

    of the lemon sweetly, and a heart calms

     

    down.

     

     

    In addition, citral and limonene are

     

    included in a bag (oil gland) to collect

     

    a fragrance ingredient called the

     

    essential oil in to the rind of a fruit

     

    of the lemon. So that; is unique;

     

    smell refreshing.

     

     

    This is included in the leaf of the

     

    lemon. I cut a leaf, and I prune it,

     

    and the fragrance of the lemon

     

    sometimes spreads.

     

     

     

     

    Why will I be going to grow a lemon? 

     

    Because the reason consumes vitamin C

     

    deliciously. This is because it drinks

     

    the lemon mixed juice which squeezed

     

    a lemon raw.

     

     

    A lemon is one tree, and a fruit grows.

     

    In addition, in the case of  other soft

     

    fruit, it will be deceived by a pest and

     

    bacteria, and it is difficult to grow.

     

     

    However, a lemon is hard to be deceived

     

    by a pest and can simplify the fruit

     

    which I can eat, because the rind of a

     

    fruit of the lemon is thick. How to grow

     

    lemons cannot be difficult.  

     

     

    Maybe・・・

     

     

     

     

     

     

     ◆I went to Shimanami Kaido!

     

     

    In July, 2017, I went to Shimanami Kaido

     

    in two people with a wife.

     

     

    From the Hiroshima side, I passed with

     

    Mukaijima, Innoshima, Ikuchijima,

     

    Omishima, Hakatajima, Oshima and

     

    went to Imabari-shi, Ehime.

     

     

     

    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

     

     

     

    "Ikuchijima with Sedota-cho is 25km from

     

    Imabari-shi, Ehime. It is the island of

     

    approximately 8,700 population in the

     

    center of Shimanami Kaido.

     

     

    Because approximately 50% of the island

     

    are suddenly slanted in Ikuchijima,

     

    exposure to the sun is good. The amount

     

    of production of the lemon is number one

     

    in Japan."

     

     

    "Approximately a quarter (28%) of the

     

    domestic lemon is produced in Sedota-cho.

     

     

    However, among lemons consumed in

     

    Japan, the ratio that a domestic lemon is

     

    consumed is less than 5%. Consumed most

     

    lemons are from the United States.

     

     

    This is because a price is low. The lemon

     

    which a farming family of Sedota-cho

     

    aimed at was the richness of the

     

    fragrance and the lemon which I could

     

    eat in peace.

     

     

    The Sedota lemon holds down the

     

    consumption of a pesticide and the

     

    chemical fertilizer to less than 50%.

     

    It is the lemon which I can eat

     

    together with a zest."

     

     

    I who had begun to grow a lemon had a

     

    lot of various questions. I went to the

     

    place of the best domestic amount of

     

    production in Japan and wanted to learn

     

    "how to grow lemons".

     

    ( In fact, I wanted to buy a seedling

     

    most. ^^;)

     

     

    I went to "the lemon valley" in Sedota-

     

    cho. There are really a lemon, a lemon.

     

    A lot of trees of lemon.

     

     

    The person who wants to feel the world of

     

    a lot of lemons, please drop in once!

     

     

     

     

    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

     

    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2、The history of the lemon

     

     

     

    虫眼鏡 The first lemon

     

     

    When and where did the lemon come from?

     

     

    The place of origin of the lemon seems to

     

    be the foothills of the Himalayas in

     

    India.

     

     

    It is supposed that the lemon came out of

     

    the mating of a shaddock and a lemonade,

     

    but does not seem to understand the

     

    original thing that a lemon has begun to

     

    be cultivated clearly.

     

     

    More than 1,400 years ago, Arabic people

     

    of the Muslim liked lemons. They brought

     

    in a lemon in the future to go and seemed

     

    to go over to Spain and Sicily, the North

     

    Africa.

     

     

    In the 15th century, the lemon came to be

     

    cultivated flourishingly in Italy and

     

    Spain.

     

     

    It will be "to have healed scurvy" to

     

    have escalated the cultivation of the

     

    lemon still more.

     

     

    In about 1500, the scurvy is the disease

     

    that took sailors at voyages of Vasco da

     

    Gama.

     

     

    As for the sailor, gingiva of the top and

     

    bottom swelled up. And they could eat

     

    nothing and starved to death. They

     

    suffered from hand pedialgia and

     

    gingival swelling and died in sequence.

     

     

    For the next 300 years, the scurvy

     

    attacked sailors who went on a voyage

     

    for a long term.

     

     

    Vitamin C is indispensable for generation

     

    of protein and the collagen included in

     

    the connective tissue. Collagen is not

     

    produced enough when we spend time

     

    without eating raw fruit and vegetables

     

    more than three months. As a result,

     

    various symptoms such as the gingival

     

    swelling are early and finally result

     

    in death.

     

     

    In 1582, Sailors who were deceived by

     

    scurvy strike the shore of West Africa,

     

    and they eat the lemon which grew

     

    there.

     

     

    When they washed the mouth with the fruit

     

    juice of the lemon, somebody recovered

     

    from the symptom of the mouth.

     

    Such example seemed to be persuasive

     

    grounds that a lemon worked for scurvy.

     

     

    After that, the senior service provides

     

    with about 6 million liters of squeezes

     

    of lemon in 19 years.

     

     

    The squeeze of lemon was stored in a

     

    barrel under the layer of the olive oil.

     

    As a result, it is to have been able to

     

    keep it without ascorbate most of the

     

    fruit juice being lost.

     

    As a matter of course, a sailor starting

     

    scurvy disappears.

     

     

    The loading the lemon onto the ship is a

     

    chance to let the consumption of the

     

    lemon increase, and the lemon farm will

     

    enlarge in each place.

     

     

     

     

     

    虫眼鏡 A lemon came over to Japan.

     

     

    It is listed in "a history of Japanese

     

    fruit chronological table" as follows.

     

     

    "April, 1875, Saburo Takagi who was a

     

    consul general introduced the seed and

     

    saplings such as orange, a lemon, a

     

    strawberry, the hop from the United

     

    States."

     

     

    In addition, it is written with a

     

    different book as follows.

     

     

    It is the Meiji era after the foundation

     

    of a country that a lemon was handed

     

    down to Japan.

     

     

    The lemon was mixed in many foreign-made

     

    articles, too. When a foreigner came for

     

    a hot spring cure in Atami of Shizuoka

     

    in 1873, he sprinkled the species of the

     

    lemon contained in dinner on the garden.

     

     

    It does not know which story is right.

     

    But, around the beginning of the Meiji

     

    era, the lemon seemed to come to Japan.

     

     

    It is written in the cultivation history

     

    of "the Sedota lemon" as follows.

     

    In 1928, I plant 300 trifoliate orange

     

    young plants and perform bud grafting

     

    of Lisbon Eureka Lemon.

     

     

    In other words, I understand that the

     

    lemon cultivation began after the Showa

     

    era.

     

     

     

     

    3、About how to grow a lemon

     

     

     

     On the cultivation of the lemon

     

     

    👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

           of the lemon

     

     

    The lemon seems to like the land which

     

    drainage has good and the area with

     

    more than 15 degrees Celsius of mean

     

    temperature.

     

     

    In Japan, there is a lemon-growing area

     

    in the warm place of the south side from

     

    Kanto area. The slant ground of the

     

    mountains in the coastal area is a lemon

     

    -growing main area. Because chills do

     

    not collect, and drainage is good.

     

     

    A Setouchi lemon farm writes it, too.

     

     

    "Originally the area in Setouchi has

     

    little precipitation, and it is a warm

     

    area (mean temperature 15 degrees

     

    Celsius). It is a characteristic that

     

    there are many fine days.

     

    The lemon in particular is vulnerable to

     

    rain and wind. There are few typhoons,

     

    and, in this area with a little quantity

     

    of the wind, the outbreak of illness is

     

    controlled as much as possible and is

     

    the environment that is most suitable

     

    for a lemon. As for the lemon growing

     

    here, both the taste and the nourishment

     

    are fully included in the depths of the

     

    acidity."

     

     

    In particular, Sedota-cho is most

     

    suitable for lemon cultivation.

     

    This is because it wins a positive well

     

    as about half of the island is an

     

    immediate slant.

     

     

    And the lemon is vulnerable to cold.

     

    When temperature falls than -3 degrees

     

    Celsius, a tree weakens and seems to have

     

    possibilities to die. Therefore cold

     

    protection measures are necessary in the

     

    area becoming less than -3 degrees

     

    Celsius.

     

     

     

     


    👉 The tree bears fruit with one

     

     

    The tree of lemon is pollinated and bears

     

    a fruit only with one tree.

     

     

    Therefore the pollination tree is not

     

    necessary.

     

     

     

     

    👉 Time is necessary before it bears

     

           a fruit for the first time

     

     

    The tree gives priority to bring up a

     

    body of oneself, rather than leaving the

     

    next generation (leaving fruit and a

     

    species).

     

     

    In other words, if the growth of a branch

     

    and a leaf of the tree becomes too much

     

    popular, most of the nourishment are used

     

    for the growth of a branch and the leaf ,

     

    and not be used for a flower and fruit ,

     

    and they are not accompanied by a flower

     

    and a fruit.

     

     

    In the case of a potted plant, It seem to

     

    be said to be need for 3 through 5 years

     

    before the fruit of the lemon grows for

     

    the first time.

     

     

    But, in the case of a planting in the

     

    garden, it seems to be said that we are

     

    necessary for 4 through 6 years.

     

     

    The growth of the root is limited, and

     

    this is because a branch and a leaf do

     

    not grow big in the case of a potted

     

    plant.

     

     

    Therefore nourishment arrives to a flower

     

    and fruit, and a potted plant seems to

     

    bear a fruit early.

     

    As for the particularly young tree, a

     

    branch and a leaf grow well. If we cut a

     

    branch or pull it aside, force to grow up

     

    can be weakened.

     

     

    There seems to be a method to let a lot

     

    of flowers bloom by doing so.

     

    However, it seem to be necessary for

     

    around three years before a fruit grows

     

    after planting the seedling of the lemon.

     

     

     

     

     

    ◆How to buy young plants,

     

       various kinds

     

     

    👉 Stick seedling and large seedling

     

     

    We can classify the young plant roughly

     

    into "one stick stick seedling" and

     

    "large seedling which branched off a

     

    lot".

     

     

     

     

    Stick seedling;

     

     A price is low          楽しい

     

    ◆It is available for much

     

      how to make 楽しい

     

     It is necessary for three years

     

      before a fruit grows at least  悲しい

     

     

    Large seedling;

     

     A price is high     悲しい

     

    ◆It is begun easily   楽しい

     

     A fruit grows early 楽しい

     

     

     

    <A large seedling is recommended in

     

     potted plants>

     

     

    For a potted young plant, a large

     

    seedling is recommended than a stick

     

    seedling.

     

     

    Because, it is just grew lemons with the

     

    bowl which it purchased, and it is early

     

    that a fruit grows for the first time.

     

     

    When we choose the large seedling,

     

    we choose the young plant which branches

     

    off from a part near the plant foot

     

    treatment if possible.

     

     

    The space where fruit becomes increases

     

    and can finish it compactly.

     


     

     

    The tree of lemon which I planted in my

     

    garden purchased a stick seedling in a

     

    gardening shop.

     

     

    And the potted lemon purchased a large

     

    seedling on the Internet.

     

     

    I understand each merit and demerit well.

     

    It is up to the thought of the person

     

    which seedling is good.

     

     

    But I think that you should purchase the

     

    seedling after knowing the seedling

     

    passed how many years.

     

    It seems to be difficult to harvest fruit

     

    from a young seedling.

     

     

    I think that there is the joy of "to just

     

    grow the tree of lemon".

     

     

    However, you should purchase the seedling

     

    which passed for several years if your

     

    first purpose is "to harvest the fruit of

     

    the lemon".

     

     

    Please think that you purchased the

     

    period (time). Even if the price of large

     

    seedling is high, you will think that

     

    "it was good early to bear a fruit".

     

     

     

     

    👉 When should we buy a seedling?

     

     

    In both the gardening shop and the net

     

    shop, the seedling of the lemon is sold

     

    anytime.

     

     

    The seedling of the lemon is sold only at

     

    this time, which means there will not be

     

    it.

     

     

    But, in a case of planting a lemon,

     

    A climate is calm. About March is

     

    good because the growth of the tree of

     

    lemon is slow.

     

     

    Therefore it is thought that you should

     

    purchase it at that time. In addition,

     

    September is also good becase a lot of

     

    seedlings having a fruit are sold.

     

     

    By the way, I purchased the young plant

     

    (large seedling) of the lemon for the

     

    potted plant on the Internet in the end

     

    of July. (there were four fruits!)

     

     

    I transplanted it into a one size big

     

    bowl immediately.

     

    I still grow well.

     

    (of course,four fruits are fine!)

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 How to choose good young plants

     

     

    There are many leaves. The green of

     

    the leaf is deep. A branch is enriched

     

    and thick.

     

     

    It is said that the seedling are good to

     

    buy. Even if a lot of flower and fruits

     

    grow , it is temporary.

     

     

    We want to just judge the purchase from

     

    the viewpoint of  銑 above. But we see

     

     銑 and can purchase it if we go to

     

    the home centers for buying by oneself. 

     

     

    However, we can't buy the seedling aftere

     

    check  銑 above if we buy it on the

     

    Internet.

     

     

    On the other hand, the young plant of the

     

    lemon is sold when we go to the gardening

     

    shop, but there are not many kinds (one

     

    kind - two kinds) and does not sell a

     

    lot. We can buy most kinds if we buy it

     

    in a net shop.

     

     

     

     

    The article of

     

    Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

     

    is here!

     

     

     

     

     

    I am producing "how to grow lemons 2".

     

    Please wait a minute.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    バースデー プレート
    バースデー プレート (JUGEMレビュー »)

    大切な人へ。

    生涯残る、唯一の贈り物。
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