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2017.12.18 Monday

Part 2-2

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    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

     

     

     

     

     

    АHow to plant a lemon in pots

     

     

    👉 Proper time for plantation

     

     

    Proper time to plant the young plant of

     

    the lemon is from the end of February to

     

    the end of March as same as a garden

     

    plant.

     

     

     

    In the case of a potted plant, we can

     

    carry a bowl to the room without

     

    influence of the cold at cold winter

     

    time.

     

    Therefore you may plant it from September

     

    to October.

     

     

     

    👉 A large seedling is suitable

     

      for a potted plant

     

     

    A large seedling is suitable for a potted

     

    plant. This is because the large seedling

     

    can be grown as the bowl which it

     

    purchased, and the first fruition is

     

    earlier than a stick seedling.

     

     

     

    When we choose the large seedling, we

     

    should choose a young plant which is

     

    branching off equally from the plant

     

    foot treatment.

     

    Because the space where fruits grow

     

    increases and can finish it compactly.

     

     

     

     

    👉 Various bowls

     

     

    We are divided into a plastic bowl, an

     

    unglazed bowl, an earthenware bowl by

     

    the difference in materials. There is the

     

    light, strong resin bowl. You should

     

    better to buy a light plastic bowl and

     

    resin bowl, because you may carry it to

     

    the room at the winter cold time.

     

    As a matter of course, the weight of the

     

    young plant and soil will be added to

     

    weight of bowl itself.

     

     

     

    An oblong bowl has a sense of stability

     

    than a tall bowl. If there is a bowl that

     

    the diameter of the bowl top is same as

     

    a bowl bottom, it has a sense of

     

    stability more.

     

     

     

     

    The design is important, too. But,we will

     

    image height and width of the future

     

    young plant. I recommend that you choose

     

    the bowl which "is hard to fall down".

     

     

     

    👉 Soil to use

     

     

    A weed is easy to grow when we use the

     

    garden soil, and also, the drainage is

     

    not so good, too. The "soil for fruit

     

    tree" seems to be good if available.

     

    The acidity of this soil is ph5 .5-6.0,

     

    and you can just use it.

     

    When it is not available, you mix

     

    "the soil for vegetables" and Kanuma

     

    soil in the ratio of 7:3 and seem to

     

    use it.

     

     

     

    👉 Plantation methods

     

     

    As for the plantation method, please see

     

    the next article "transplanted a potted

     

    lemon". In addition, even in the case of

     

    a potted plant, we can suppress the

     

    growth of the tree. For example,

     

    we pull a branch aside. we suppress the

     

    growth by doing this way and can make

     

    with fruit better. At first we roll the

     

    edge of the bowl with a string.

     

    Then, we tie the string which I wrapped

     

    the edge in the branch which I want to

     

    pull aside with a string.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ─How to transplant a lemon

     

       into a bowl

     

     

    In the case of a potted plant, the inside

     

    of the bowl becomes full of roots when we

     

    just leave it. So, it is usually

     

    necessary to transplant it at the pace

     

    once in 2-3 years. The old root comes to

     

    wither up to become hard to suck water

     

    well even if we do watering.

     

     

     

     A root comes out of the bottom

     

      of the bowl

     

    ◆Water did not readily soak into soil

     

      even if we did water

     

     

    While being careful about such states, we

     

    transplant it into a slightly big bowl. (

     

    1〜2号 larger ) By the way, we can

     

    measure the size (号) of the bowl when

     

    we divide a diameter by 3. (30cm in

     

    diameter /3cm = 10号) Even if you do not

     

    want to make a bowl big, please

     

    transplant it, and please cut down a

     

    jam-packed root.

     

     

     

    When we transplant it, we warn next.

     

    A root may rot when we transplant a

     

    seedling into a bigger bowl suddenly

     

    because soil does not readily dry. T

     

    herefore you seem to be careful about

     

    the size of the bowl to exchange.(into a

     

    slightly big bowl)

     

    By the way, I did not know the above.

     

    Therefore I have exchanged it with a 14号

     

    bowl from a 7号 bowl when I

     

    transplanted the potted lemon which I

     

    purchased. At hot time of July, I did a

     

    good watering every day twice in morning,

     

    an evening. I do not seem to do the

     

    decayed root for the moment. I want to

     

    be careful about decayed root in future.

     

     

     

    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

     

     

    Article of the transplantation

    that I tried

     

    「I transplanted a potted lemon plant!!」

     

     

    Please take a look. ( but Japanese )

     

     

     

     

     

     Care for flower and bud

     

      (I work on pollination)

     

     

    👉 About pollination

     

     

    As the young plant of the lemon is

     

    pollinated with one and bears fruit,

     

    the pollination tree is not necessary.

     

    In addition, we do not need the

     

    artificial pollination basically because

     

    the insects carry the pollen. My lemon

     

    does nothing in particular, but it is

     

    pollinated and bear fruit.

     

    (There is not particularly a lot an

     

    insect)

     

     

     

     

    But it seems to become hard to be

     

    pollinated when insects do not come very

     

    much. When a fruit does not grow

     

    though the flower of the lemon blooms,

     

    please do artificial pollination. A fruit

     

    seems to have possibilities to grow.

     

    The artificial pollination is possible by

     

    using dry writing brushes when we touch

     

    it in turn in a stamen and the pistil

     

    capitals.

     

     

     

    👉 Care for flower and bud

     

     

    We pick all the flower (bud) which

     

    bloomed in autumn and summer to promote

     

    that we grow fruit.

     

    (When we grow the fruit which grow from

     

    the flower which bloomed in spring)

     

     

     

    About the flower(bud) which bloomed

     

     in spring

     

    When do you pick a bud and a flower? 

     

    A judgment seems to change by a purpose.

     

     

    a.A leaf is necessary to grow fruit.

     

     (20 pieces of leaves are necessary

     

      for one fruit?)

     

     

    b.If we pick the bud and flowers,we can

     

      spend the nourishment for branches

     

      and leaves and flowers and buds

     

      which we left.

     

     ⇒We should pick flowers and buds.

     

     

    c.In consideration of a physical fruit

     

      drop, we do not pick flowers and

     

      buds.

     

     ⇒We should not pick flowers and buds. 

     

     

     

    Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

     

    We seem to be able to consider that a

     

    physiological fruit drop is a self-regulating

     

    function of fruit tree itself. A physiological

     

    fruit drop is a menstruation phenomenon

     

    that it try to leave a few fruits which

     

    is only grow and drop other fruit when

     

    nutrition is insufficient.

     

     

     

    A menstruation phenomenon. When there are too few fruits drop, a tree body weakens and causes a biennial bearing. (A high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.) On the contrary, when there are too many fruits drop, growth becomes popular, and the branch will be a abnormally long branch. The physiological fruit drop is classified roughly into two ways. One is an fruit drop appearing soon after the flowering. It is a latter term fruit drop appearing before a crop one more.

     

     

     

     

    We can concentrate on giving nourishment to a bud and flower and the branches and leaves which we want to leave when we pick up an unnecessary bud and flower. However, when a fruit has begun to become really, physiological fruit drop happens, and a fruit hardly remains if "a fruit to bring up" falls. Therefore we do not cut a bud and the flower and leave all. A way of thinking to perform fruit picking after a physiological fruit drop is like C.

     

     

     

    This year my garden planted lemon has added about 100 flowers. It was a bud for a long time, but the flowers finally bloomed. However, when I thought that the flowers bloomed on May 10, the flowers began to fall on May 13. If you would like to organize to a certain extent in advance, I think that it would be better to do a bud picking rather than a flower picking.

     

     

     

    In lemon flowers, incomplete flowers without stamen may bloom. (Of course, it does not become a fruit.) It is said that low temperature is the cause. Also, if the tree is still young and there is no power to fruit it seems there will be many incomplete flowers. Lisbon lemon raised in our house seems to be a species with many incomplete flowers. Meyer lemon is a kind that fruits are often attached, and it seems that there are not too many incomplete flowers. If incomplete flowers bloom, it would be better if you picked flowers. (After scattering naturally, remove residual flowers.)

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The record at that time is here!

    「Finally blooming flowers!」

     

     

     

    👉 I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.

     

          The state at that time is "here"!

     

     

     

     

     Cutting of the lemon

     

     

    It cuts out the branches, stems, leaves etc of the plant, inserts it in the soil and puts out the roots. Fresh branches at the tip of the branch and flexible branches under extension seems to be unusable for cutting because it tends to rot after insertion. Branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder seem to be suitable for cutting of lemons.

     

     

     

    As a suitable period, it is said that the period of the rainy season in June is good. Cuttings are said to be less prone to fruit, less vulnerable to diseases and pests, shorter life span than grafts. However, it does not need to prepare a rootstock, and the point that it is relatively easy to increase seedlings is attractive.

     

     

     

    It is said that citrus fruits are relatively easy to cut. When I cut it, for example, I used a "root promoter", but it is said that roots grow only by adding nothing at all "just put the cut branches in soil".

    cutting branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder, growing in a shade not exposed to rain, watering every morning and evening, etc. are the points in cutting. However, I think that "roots will grow on cuttings just by watering firmly everyday."

     

     

     

    On June 17, I cut seven branches. I raised it in the shade that does not hit the rain.(One of them raised in the place where sun and rain hit) A new sprout came out from one branch after 42 days. After that, sprouts came out from all the branches.

     

     

     

     

    <Cutting procedure I did>

     

     

    a.Cut the solid branches into a length of 10 to 15 cm.

     

          And drop the leaves on the lower half of the branches.

     

          Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

     

          (To suppress transpiration)

     

     

    b.Soak this branch in a bucket filled with water.

     

          (About 1 hour)

     

     

    c.Cut the lower tip of the branch off the water diagonally.

     

          (To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

     

          and to expand the area where the roots come out.)

     

     

    d.Apply a rooting promoter to the lower tip of the cut branch.

     

     

    e.Put the soil exclusively for sowing buds and seeds, and insert the cuttings.

     

          When inserting, digging the hole, cover the branch with soil

     

          so that rooting promoter can not be removed.

     

     

    f.Add water to the whole.

     

     

     

     

     

    Here is the situation when I went cutting.(With photos)

     

     「I tried cutting with lemon!」

     

     

    Since the roots came out from the cuttings, the state at the time of replanting into a pot is here.

     

     「Cutting of lemon 54 days later ...」

     

     

     

     

    In the future, seedlings made of cuttings,

     

    Is it difficult to become fruitful? ,

    Is it vulnerable to diseases and pests? ,

    Is the lifetime short? ,

     

    I would like to validate.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     Grafting of lemon

     

     

    Looking at the lemon seedlings that are on sale, most of them seem to be seedlings made from grafting. Grafting is done because cold resistance and disease resistance will be higher than without grafting. That is because you use a growing stock. 

     

     

     

    Depending on the type of fruit trees and flowers, there are things that can not be seeded, or it takes a long time to be able to grow, when raised from their own seeds or when raised with cuttings. When growing with grafting, it will be fruit soon, it seems that you can make a strong tree against diseases and pests. 

     

     

     

     

     

    "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

     

    It is a characteristic that there is a big thorns, and fruits is a cold-resistant variety among the citrus. It is also known as the bait of swallowtail butterfly. It can be used as a rootstock of all citrus fruits. Karatachi is used as a rootstock in 95% of domestic citrus fruits.

     

     

     

    When raising "Karatachi" as a rootstock from seeds, it seems necessary for about two years. In addition, when purchasing seedlings of Karatachi, a sending fee (around 1,000 yen) will be required for 1 seedling (around 600 yen) . If so, rather than trying grafting, it will be cheaper to purchase lemon seedlings.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!

     

             is「Here」!

     

     

     

    👉 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!

     

             is「Here」!

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 「How to grow lemon 4」 is Here!

     

     

    It is the final version of "How to grow lemon".

     

    You can read all the articles of "Index".

     

     

     

     

     

     

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