2018.01.22 Monday

How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

0

    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

     

     

     

     

     

     


     How to grow a lemon.

     

      While a beginner inspect

     

                 the cultivation method.

     


     

     

     

    〜 Introduction 〜

     

     

     

    Lemon flowers will fall.

    The attached fruits will fall.

    Leaves turn yellow and fall.

     

     

    Do I have to plow the soil?

    How about tailoring a lemon tree?

    How do I prune a lemon tree?

    How good is fertilizer?

    How can I protect it from pests and diseases?

     

     

     

    Various problems

     

    and various doubts.

     

     

     

    I actually tried it myself

    and

    tried to see what happened.

     

     

     

    In what condition now,

    What did you do,

    What was the outcome?

     

     

     

    I would like to continue verification

     

    until a satisfactory result is obtained.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ■ Index

     

    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

     

      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

     

    I went to Shimanami Kaido!

     

     

     

    2、The history of the lemon

     

    ・The first lemon

     

    ・A lemon came over to Japan.

     

     

     

    3、About how to grow a lemon.

     

      On the cultivation of the lemon.

     

    ・Area suitable for the cultivation

     of the lemon

     

    ・The tree bears fruit with one

     

    ・Time is necessary before it bears a

     fruit for the first time

     

     

    How to buy young plants, various kinds

     

    ・A stick seedling and large seedling

     

    ・When should we buy a seedling?

     

    ・How to choose good young plants

     

     

     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

     

    ・How much is the quantity of

     

     fertilization?

     

     a. requires a lot of manure

     

     b. organic quality compound fertilizer

     

       in about February

     

     c. almost same quantity

     

     d. method to sprinkle manure

     

    ・Careful about manure desperation

     

    ・The measurement of the acidity

     

    ・Effective microorganisms

     

     

    Watering

     

     

    Do you plant a lemon in the garden?

     

      Or,is it a potted plant?

     

    ・Easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant

     

     

    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

     

    ・Proper time for plantation

     

    ・Place to plant a seedling

     

    ・Plantation

     

    ・How to fix forms

     

     

    АHow to plant a lemon in pots

     

    ・Proper time for plantation

     

    ・A large seedling is suitable

     

     for a potted plant

     

    ・Various bowls

     

    ・Soil to use

     

    ・Plantation methods

     

     

    How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

     

    👉 Article of the transplantation

     

       that I tried.

     

     

     Care for flower, bud

     

      (I work on pollination)

     

    👉 About pollination

     

    👉 Care for flower and bud

     

    ・Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

     

    ・The article「Finally blooming flowers!」

     

    ・The article「I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.」

     

     

     Cutting of the lemon

     

    ・The article 「I tried cutting with lemon!」

     

    ・The article 「Cutting of lemon 54 days later... 」

     

     

     Grafted tree of the lemon

     

    👉 "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

     

    ・ The article 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!」

     

    ・ The article 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!」

     

     

     The pruning of the lemon

     

    👉 Purpose of pruning

     

    👉 Pruning lemon Suitable period · · · February - March

      Reduce the spread of trees

     ◆Cut out unnecessary branches

      Cut the tip of a long branch

     

    👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

           and Pruning in summer

     

    👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

     

    ・The article「I tried pruning!」

     

    ・The article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating

     「To improve the fruit of next year!」

     

     

     Cold measures

     

    👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

     

    👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

     

    ・The article 「the measures against cold!」

     

     

     Lemon cultivation and insects

     

     

     

    、Pest of the lemon

     

     Coccoidea

     

    Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

     

     Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

     

    Bell moth

     

    Aphid

     

    ΑSpider Mite

     

    АLonghorn beetle

     

    Thrips

     

     

     

    、Disease of the lemon

     

     Melanose

     

    Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

     

     Elsinoë fawcettii

     

    Gray mold

     

    Cercospora leaf mold

     

    👉 Painted Polymita eats it

     

     

     

    、Diagnosis due to the symptom

     

     A leaf is yellow

     

    👉 Leaf photos by type of disease

     

     

    The spots of the leaf is yellow

     

    👉 Five elements of fertilizer

       ・Nitrogen

       ・Phosphoric acid

       ・Potassium

       ・Calcium (lime)

       ・Magnesium

     

    👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer.

     

    👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

     

     

     A flower falls

     

      (a flower does not bloom)

     

    ぁA fruit falls

     

     

    👉 Saplings are too young.

     

    👉 There is a problem with daily management.

     

    👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

     

    👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

     

    👉  A biennial bearing.

     

    👉 I pruned too much.

     

     

     

    Work according to the month

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Please push the blue sentence in Index

     

    and read the airtcle.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    I grow a lemon from now on.

     

     

    I want to update this blog each time.

     

     

    I am so glad if you read my article

     

     

    when you have some problems to grow.

     

     

     

     

    Thank you very much

     

    for reading this article today.

     

     

     

     

     

    Korolemon

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Please push the lower banner

     

    ( my pet namely KORO )

     

    if you think that

     

    this article is even a little interesting.

     

     

     

    Then I can do my best from now on

     

    because a ranking of the blog may rise!

     

     

     

    I will be grateful for any help

     

    you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

     

     

     

     

     


    にほんブログ村

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2018.01.07 Sunday

    アパートDIYがなくなった。

    0

      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

       

       


      アパートDIYがなくなった。


       

       

      親戚がアパートを買う予定が、ありました。

       

      予算上の関係から、

       

      中古物件を購入する予定でした。

       

       

       

      で、快適に住めるようにDIY。

       

      自身でリフォームにチャレンジ!

       

       

       

       

      妻は、そういうのが大好きです。

       

      ビフォーアフターのTVも大好き。

       

      インテリアに関する雑誌等を読むのも

       

      大好き。

       

       

       

       

      話しが出てから、やる気満々でした。

       

      恐らくは、指示だけで、

       

      実際に動くのは・・・  てst の画像

       

       

       

       

       

      今日、6つの物件を見てきました。

       

      上手に回るなと思いました。

       

      古い物件等、恐らくは関心を示さない物件か

       

      ら回り始め、最後に一押しの物件に連れてい

       

      く。

       

       

       

      分かっているつもりでも、やっぱり、

       

      「おぉ〜〜〜」と思ってしまいます。

       

       

       

       

       

      業者の方が面白い話しをされていました。

       

       

      「リフォームをした物件の方が、

       

      していない物件より売れやすい。」

       

       

       

      当たり前のようで、

       

      当たり前ではないような。

       

       

       

       

      例えば、

       

       1,000万円の物件に400万円のリフォーム

       

        を実施した物件を、1,400万円で買う。

       

       

      ◆1,000万円の物件を1,000万円で買い、

       

        後、自分で400万円のリフォームを行う。

       

       

      ,鉢△砲蓮

       

      どんな違いがあるのでしょうか?

       

       

       

      ,離瓮螢奪箸箸靴討蓮

       

      ・物件を見に行った最初の印象が良い。

       

      ・一端業者が購入してリフォームした場合、

       

       2年程度の保証が付いている事が多い。

       

       

       

      △離瓮螢奪箸箸靴討蓮

       

      ・自分の好きな材料を使ったリフォームが

       

       可能となる。

       

       

       

      大きな部分では、こんな違いでしょうか?

       

       

       

       

      同じマンション内の物件を2つ見ました。

       

      リフォーム有りと無しでは全く違います。

       

       

       

      部屋と部屋の境に段差がある、ない程の違い

       

      もありました。

       

      扉がある、ないの違いもありました。

       

       

      汚い、綺麗だけではない違いがそこにありま

       

      す。

       

       

       

      しかしながら、元はほぼ同じ物件なのですか

       

      ら、同様のリフォームは、後からでも可能。

       

       

       

      自身でするのも良し。

       

      自身で業者に依頼するのも良し。

       

       

      自分の好きな色、柄、

       

      好きなユニットバス、トイレ・・・

       

      好みに合わせたリフォームが出来ます。

       

       

       

       

      でも、圧倒的に「実施済みの物件の方が売れ

       

      る」らしいのです。

       

       

       

      結局、今日決めた物件も、

       

      平成29年9月 

       

      フルリノベーション実施済物件。

       

       

      ・システムキッチン(新調)

      ・ユニットバス(新調)

      ・洗面化粧台(新調)

      ・洗浄機能付トイレ(新調)

      ・建具(新調)

      ・LDK・洋室・廊下 フローリング張り替え

      ・全室クロス張り替え

      ・トイレ・洗面室CFシート張り替え

      ・畳表替え

      ・洗濯機パン(新調)

      ・TVモニター付ドアホン(新設) 等々

       

       

       

      平たく言えば、

       

      内部はほどんど全部真っ新です。

       

      (未使用のものばかり)

       

       

       

      リビングの壁についている非常警報器。

       

      窓・戸関係。(替えられないそうです)

       

      お庭。(1Fなので、27屬寮賤冂輊奸

       

      以外は全部、新調されている感じです。

       

       

       

       

      結局、その部屋が気に入れば、

       

      後から修繕するのがメンドクサイと思う

       

      のか、それで良いと思ってしまいます。

       

       

       

       

      自分ですれば、もっと安く、気に入ったもの

       

      に出来るかもしれないのに・・・

       

       

       

      当然ことながら、私自身が、「これが良い」

       

      と思ってしまいました。 夏だよ。子供だよ。汗だく の画像

       

       

       

       

       

      ご説明が大変長くなりましたが、

       

      という事で、

       

      私と妻のリフォームDIYは、

       

      無くなってしまいました。

       

       

       

      DIYをすることになっていれば、

       

      数日分のブログネタになったかも

       

      しれません。 

       

       

       

       

      人の住む家なので、

       

      それ以上の事は考えずに、

       

      今日だけのネタにしてみました。

       

       

       

       

      最後に、当該物件の写真を少し・・・

       

       

      玄関です。

       

       

       

       

      下駄箱の下にライトがあって

       

      オシャレでした。

       

       

       

      玄関横の洋室 5帖。

       

       

       

      その部屋の収納(クローゼット)。

       

       

       

       

      洗面台。

       

       


       

       

      お風呂。

       

       

       

       

      トイレ。

       

       

       

       

      リビング・ダイニングキッチン 10.5帖。

       

       

       

       

      リビング奥の和室 6帖。

       

       

       

       

      リビング奥の洋室 6帖

       

       

       

       

       

      そして、これがリビング奥の和室・洋室

       

      の外側にある、専用庭(約8坪)。

       

       

       

      南側にあり、陽の当たり具合は申し分なし。

       

      ちょっとしたベランダの奥にあります。

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      で、この物件は、

       

      昭和49年5月に建てられたもの。

       

      なんと、築44年の物件。

       

       

       

      写真では分かりにくいのですが、

       

      ほぼほぼ、各部屋の段差なし、

       

      までにリフォーム済み。

       

       

       

      フルリノベーション恐るべしと思いました。

       

       

       

      結果、私たちの出る幕無し・・・

       

      と思いきや!!  目玉 の画像

       

       

       

       

      ありました!!

       

      お仕事をする箇所が!!

       

       

       

      お庭です。  

       

       

       

      居住予定者、全くやる気なし。

       

      「お庭、いらん!」とまで言う始末。

       

       

       

      ただ、木の切り株が4・5本見えたので、

       

      長男・次男も、

       

      総動員しなければならないかも。 マメマメン ビックリ !! の画像

       

       

       

      恐らくは、

       

       

      レモンの木が

       

      植えられる事になるでしょう!! アンパンマン 載せました の画像

       

       

       

       

       

       

      下のバナーを

       

      「ポチッ」と押して頂きますと、

       

      助かります!!

       

       

      顔だよ。困る

       

       

       


      にほんブログ村

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      2018.01.03 Wednesday

      Part 3-2

      0

        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

         

         

         

         

        4、Pest of the lemon

         

         

         Coccoidea

         

         

         

         

        👉 What is a coccoidea?

         

        Coccoidea is the same classification as cicadas, aphids, stink bugs etc. The proliferation becomes popular in the spring warming May - July, and it gets dormant when the winter cold season comes. Coccoidea prefer dark and narrow environments where winds do not pass much and are dusty. So, when branches get crowded, cut the branches so that the wind passes well. Also, let the sun come into contact with the inside.

         

         

         

        The coccoideas are small insects about 2 - 10 mm in length, inserting their mouths into leaves and stems, sucking sap and growing. Moreover, it does not move almost after parasitic on plants.

         

         

         

        👉 If you leave the coccoideas・・

         

        There are direct damage and indirect damage. The direct damage is that the coccoideas attached to the trees impair the aesthetic appearance. And, the tree sap is sucked and has an adverse effect on the growth of the tree. When the number of parasitism is large, the way new treetops and new leaves get bad and sometimes wither.

         

         

         

        Indirect damage is that "soot disease" breeds on the excrement and the leaves turn black. In addition to deteriorating the aesthetic appearance, the photosynthesis which is important to plants is hindered and the growth becomes bad. In addition, it induces "Koyaku disease" that velvet-like objects seem to have adhered to the parasitic places of the branches.

         

         

         

        👉 Removal method

         

        ・When spraying lubricant emulsifiable concentrate etc. around January

           it is possible to suppress occurrence of coccoidea.

         

         

        During larvae, pesticides etc. are effective because they cover nothing. Since larvae hatched from eggs are weak against drugs, they can also be exterminated with Ortran wettable powder, actelic emulsion and so on. It seems difficult to judge when larvae have appeared. Even if the appearance of the coccoidea can not be seen, it seems that even if it is sprayed at the rate of about 2 to 3 times a month from May to July as a guide, it will be no longer around August.

         

         

         

        ・Rub it off with a toothbrush.

         

        The more adults become, the more nutrition and excrement accumulates, the shell covers the body. As shells are made, the medicine becomes less effective, so it seems that the method of rubbing and dropping is effective. I rub it off with a toothbrush. Coccoidea peeled off from the branch leaves its mouth in the branch, so it can not be fed afterwards and dies.

         

         

         

         

        ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

         

         

         

         

        Perhaps it is the greatest enemy of lemon? The larvae have a strong appetite and eat leaves. If there are several larvae, they will eat most of the leaves of one branch in a short time. It goes without saying that a lot of leaves are necessary to raise lemon fruit. Also, if the number of leaves is small, the growth of trees is also hindered. It is good to remove it as soon as you find the larva. Special attention is required after adults have visited.

         

         

         

        As the larva grows the medicine becomes less effective. So it is basically to spray medicines early. If larvae of April - May and October are young, there will be little damage and seem to get rid of easily.

         

         

         

        If the lemon trees are big, even if the larva of the swallowtail butterfly is attached, it is eaten by the natural enemy, so it will not increase so much. So, it seems necessary to pay particular attention to the time of young trees.

         

         

         

         

         

         Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

         

         

         

         

        👉 What is Ekakimushi (means Drawing insects) ?

         

        It is called alias "Ekakimushi" in order to leave a trace of food damage as if a larva of Leafminer or Agromyzidae drew a picture on a leaf. "Leafminer" attached to lemon is often "Citrus leafminer". And, when Citrus leafminer becomes a pupa, it folds the leaves and spends them.

         

         

         

        The damage of Citrus leafminer is often seen in the leaves of the shoots that occur after the summer. The leaves of the shoots that occur in the spring are hardly damaged. It seems to be because it is before the temperature rises.

         

         

         

        Citrus leafminer, as adults, will cross the winter at the back of the leaves or between the bark. The following reasons are cited as reasons for less damage on branches and leaves of spring. It seems that it is said that it is because the survival rate is low because it dies in cold during overwinter or because it is eaten by something.

         

         

         

        👉 Damage to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

         

        By being eaten by Citrus leafminer, trees will never die. However, the shape of the leaves may be distorted, causing fallen leaves, poor growth. If you do not take care of it, damage will spread quickly. On the other hand, there is also a statement that "Most of the orange farmers do not exterminate the citrus leafminer, leaving them alone." This seems to be because there is little damage to the spring branch where the fruit is growing, and it is trying to stretch only the spring branch.

         

         

         

        👉 Removal method

         

        Because ekkimushi is inside the epidermal tissue of leaves, pesticides are hard to be effective. Because there are larvae at the tip of the traces of eating, we crush and kill that part with fingers, tweezers etc etc.

         

         

         

         

        <Cultivar control method>

         

        ◆Remove unnecessary summer and autumn branches.

         

         

         

        <Drug control method>

         

        ◆Control with mospiran water solvent or Admire flowable etc. every 2 weeks.

         

        ◆For young trees, distribute Akutara water solvent 25 times solution etc. to the main trunk.

         

         

         

         

        Besides this, it seems that there are such things as Calphos emulsion (isoxathione), Spinoose Flowable (Spinosad, wettable powder), Mospiran water solvent (Acetamiprid), Elsan emulsion (PAP) etc that are often used to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

         

         

         

         

         

         

        ぁBell moth

         

         

         

         

        👉 What is Bell moth? (Hamakimushi)

         

         

        Hamakimushi is a larva of the bell moth. Representative bell moth are Homona magnanima, Adoxophyes orana etc. Roll the leaves with threads that they put out, live in it, and eat leaves and sprouts. Repeated occurrences 4-5 times a year, adults and larvae always occur between April and October.

         

         

         

        👉 Damage of Bell moth

         

        Bell moth rolls leaves, it eats leaves and sprouts together. Also, beauty is also impaired.

         

         

         

        👉 Removal method

         

        Crush the larvae in the rolled leaves and get rid of them. It is also effective to crush larvae wrapped in leaves during the inactive winter.

         

         

        When using medicine, periodically spray Sumithione emulsion, Oltrran solution / wettable powder, marathon emulsion etc. once or twice a month at the time of occurrence in April to October.

         

         

         

         

         

        ァAphid

         

         

         

         

        👉 What is aphids?

         

        Aphids parasitic on new plant buds and new branches and leaves behind, and sucking nutrients in plants. There are so many kinds, there are more than 700 kinds. Aphids are representative pests parasitic on plants. Since aphids occur in large quantities and harm plants, the damage can not be ignored and the growth of plants becomes markedly worse.

         

         

         

        There is a period of breeding only by females, and when the spawning season comes, males appear, mate eggs and overwinter with eggs. Especially in the early spring, breeding is remarkable, it occurs extensively. In the breeding season, female adults directly bred several female larvae to several to tens of larvae a day. Moreover, since larvae become adults in a few days, even if there is only one, there will be a great many numbers in a few days.

         

         

         

        Because aphids are weak against heat, they are not seen much in the summer. In the beginning of the summer, aphids with wings are born and moved to another place. In autumn it will return and repeat breeding.

         

         

         

        👉 Damage by aphids

         

        Aphids suck and damage plants juice. As a result, new leaves do not spread sufficiently, growth of stems is compromised, and growth becomes worse. As representative damage, growth of new buds shrinks, leaves are rolling, etc. When the winged aphid that has inhaled the juice of the plant infected with the viral disease moves to the next healthy plant and sucks the juice, the virus invades and infects. In addition, "Cercospora leaf mold(soot disease)" breeds on aphids excrement, leaves may become black.

         

         

         

        👉 Removal method

         

        Although many medicines work against aphids, it is effective to use a penetrating agent that is long lasting because aphids are vigorous breeding. If you want to get rid of aphids and other pests, orthranes are effective. Also, especially when removing aphids, "the best guard" and "Mosppran granules" that are effective about 1 to 2 months are good. We also recommend a convenient insecticidal fungicide "BENICA X series" that can prevent and treat diseases at once. For vegetables just before harvest, we will control with Benika mild spray using food ingredients. Since aphids are prone to occur under conditions of high nitrogen content, fertilizer should be discreet. Also, in places with good ventilation, fecundity will become dull, so it is effective to improve the sunlight and ventilation.

         

         

        It is also effective to release the ladybug which is a natural enemy of aphids. Ladybugs prey on aphids, both adults and larvae.

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        ΑSpider Mite (Mikanhadani)

         

         

         

         

        👉 What is Spider Mite (Mikanhadani)?

         

        Spider mites are friends of spiders and have eight legs. The body length is about 0.5 mm and it is difficult to see with the naked eye. Adults lay eggs several times on the back of leaves every day. Larvae hatched in 2 to 3 days will be adults in about 10 days, so they will occur in large quantities in a short period of time. Adult worms do not have wings, so the range of action is not wide, but there is a habit of going up to high places, sometimes being carried away by the wind and being carried far. Spider mite prefers high temperature dry environment, it seems to be a peak of occurrence from around the rainy season to around September.

         

         

         

        👉 Damage to spider mites

         

        Spider mite pierces the mouth into the leaves and sucks the juice, so the tissue of that part is broken and it turns white. As a result, color dropouts appear on the leaves like small white spots. When it occurs frequently, the whole leaves become white and discolored, leaf falls and withers because photosynthesis can not be done. In general, damage to garden tree / fruit is not big, but it will impair aesthetic looks.

         

         

         

        👉 Removal method

         

        Because spider mite is easy to resist against drugs, eradication seems to be difficult.

         

         

         

         

        <Do not use drugs>

         

        It's difficult to discover because the body is small, but frequently it will be removed with adhesive tape etc. and rinsed off with water before the number increases.

         

         

         

        <Use drugs>

         

        *Winter control 

         

        It can suppress the increase of spider mites until mid - June. If it is 95%, it will be 40 times, if it is 97% it will make machine oil emulsion which is 80 times and it will be sprayed from late November to January.

         

         

         

        *Control when frequent occurrence 

         

        Spider mites are frequent from rainy season to around September. If occurrence of indigenous natural enemies is seen, we will skip control at this time. Sprinkle acaricide. Encourage repeated spraying to prevent the development of drug resistance.

         

         

         

        Drug・・・Kanemite, colomite, daniemon, machine oil, etc.

         

                    

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        2018.01.01 Monday

        Part 3-1

        0

          JUGEMテーマ:家庭

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           The pruning of the lemon

           

           

          👉 Purpose of pruning

           

          Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.

           

           Make the tree compact.

           Improve sunshine and ventilation,

            Reduce pest damage.

           Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.

           

          There are effects such as.

           

           

          Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that there is hardly anything to wither even if it fails a bit, so let's try hard and challenge!

           

           

           

           

          👉 Pruning lemon    Suitable period · · · February - March

           

           

          The suitable period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.

           

           

           

           

           Reduce the spread of trees.

           

          If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc. When tailoring the lemon tree to the shape of "Hensokushukankei", pruning will be done after the fourth year and the core will be stopped.

           

           

           

          When suppressing the height of a tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year. So it is important to cut branches at the bifurcation, so do not cut branches in the middle.

           

           

           

          Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches(leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.

           

           

           

          Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches. By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Also, it will be difficult for fruits to grow for several years. So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered by the 2 to 3 year plan.

           

           

           

           

          ◆Cut out unnecessary branches

           

          When "Reduce the spread of trees" is over, next time you cut off unnecessary branches. However, if too much branches are reduced, fruits will not be easy to produce in that year, and many long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year. Also, be careful as fruits may become difficult to produce after the following year. The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.

           

           

           

          At this time, it is necessary to cut branches that are not likely to have fruit preferentially in the pruned year. Branches where fruits were born in that year, and summer and autumn branches tend to have less fruit, so cut those branches preferentially. Branches that do not have traces of fruit within the spring branch will be left preferentially.

           

           

           

           Cut the tip of a long branch

           

          Choose only long branches (over 25 cm) out of the branches left after the processing of to above, and cut out about ⅓ of the tip. Cutting produces many branches of moderate length in the spring of the pruned year. The reason for cutting only long branches is that long branches longer than 25 cm use most of nutrition for branch growth, so flower buds do not attach much. Cutting produces a rich branch and fruits will be grown the following year.

           

           

           

          Conversely, if you cut too long the tip of a branch that has not grown long, the fruit will not be available in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds grow only near the tip of a branch. So be careful when cutting branches too long, a lot of flower buds will disappear.

           

           

           

           

          👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

           

                 and Pruning in summer

           

           

          Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending in March and June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October. Fruit is attached to the spring branch in that year. Even branches that did not attach are useful because the following year they will bloom and fruits will be attached. Because summer branches are easy to grow long, only a few flowers / fruits will be formed even in the next spring. The autumn branches do not bloom almost as they grow more poorly than the summer branches. 

           

           

           

          Both the summer branch and autumn branch are unnecessary, so cut out from the base at the same time as it occurs as much as possible.

           

          (Pruning in summer)

           

           

           

          It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary. Please be aware that summer branches grow to more than 25 cm and cross sections of summer branches and autumn branches tend to be triangles.

           

           

           

           

          👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

           

           

          When the above ~ work is finished, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision. It prevents branches from withering due to pruning, and also prevents intrusion of pathogenic bacteria. (You may paint while cutting) The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerator is applied, it gradually solidifies when it touches the air.

           

           

           

          If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive (bond etc). If it is difficult to apply to all the cuts, it is good to preferentially paint on the part where the diameter of the incision is 1 cm or more.

           

          *It is hard to take when a fusion accelerator adheres to clothing etc, so be careful not to touch it

           until it solidifies!

           

           

           

           

          I pruned in October.

           

          That article isI tried pruning!.

           

           

           

          An article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating is

           

          To improve the fruit of next year!」.

           

           

           

           


           Cold measures

           

           

          Lemon is weak against cold. Below minus 3 degrees, branches and leaves begin to wither, and it seems that sometimes it dies. Especially young trees less than 3rd grade are vulnerable to cold, so we will take sufficient cold measures.

           

           

           

          👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

           

           

          A lemon in the garden, as trees grow big it will take time and effort to deal with cold. It is better to grow in an area that does not fall below minus 3 degrees or to grow with potted plants. However, if the lowest temperature of the place of residence is close to minus 3 degrees Celsius or if severe cold waves come only for that year, we will take measures against the cold.

           

           

          a.Mulch the surface of the soil with 'straw' etc.

           

          b.Wrap lemon trees with nonwoven fabric or the like.

           

          c.Tie nonwoven fabric and the like with a string and fix.

           

          d.If you are raising overwintering fruit, put a fruit bag on the fruit.

           

           

           

          By the way, I checked the lowest temperature in Osaka.

           

           November 2016     6.4℃
           December 2016     1.6℃
           January 2017    −0.8℃
           February 2017    −0.6℃
           March 2017     1.8℃

           

           

          However, there are some differences depending on the data.

           

           


          👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

           

           

          Potted lemon can move, so let's move the place inside a sunny room. However, when putting it on the outdoor or veranda because it can not move indoors. And when the lowest temperature is likely to be -3 degrees, we will take measures against the cold as shown below.

           

           

           

          a.Put pots in a large pot two times larger than

                that pot and put the soil between the bowl

                and the bowl. This soil is for keeping warm

                so you can use garden soil etc. Make it into

                a double bowl state.

           

           

          b.As for the part of the tree, like a garden

                planting, wind it with a white nonwoven fabric.

                The cloth is white more easy to pass sunlight.

                After winding the nonwoven fabric etc.,

                ties it with a string and fix it.

           

           

          c.Even with this countermeasure, only 2 to 3

                degrees of heat retention effect can be expected.

                So, when the lowest temperature falls by more

                than 5 degrees from minus 3 degrees, it seems

                better to put potted plants inside.

           

           

           

           

          👉 The verification article on the measures against cold,here!!

           

           

           

           


           Lemon cultivation and insects

           

           

          The orchard that is cultivating lemon without using pesticide, has the following points as a point of success.

           

           

          a.Use of blurred fertilizer

          b.Give EM fungus

          c.Use of beneficial insects

          d.Light pruning and fertilizing

           

           

           

          If you do not use pesticides, they will be hit by pests or get sick. So, increase the number of good bacteria in the soil and leaves to reduce bad bacteria and reduce diseases etc. And we will use insects. It seems to be a way of having good insects eat bad insects (disinfect).

           

           

           

          Even 3 - soil / fertilizer (EM fungus) of blog, I will explain this part. We are also verifying the effectiveness of EM bacteria. However, regarding the use of beneficial insects, my lemon cultivation is not house cultivation, so even if I capture beneficial insects, it will escape, so there are also difficult parts of using beneficial insects. I will keep an eye on the beneficial insects that have gathered with nature and I want to see the effect. I will introduce "insects and living things" who visited our family at the category "insect and creature" of my blog.

           

           

           

           

           

          <A lot of profitable insects>

           

           

          ・ Ladybug

           

           

          Ladybugs eat aphids. Ladybugs seems to eat 5 aphids in a day. Besides, there is also description that ladybugs also eat a coccoidea. However, even if it is said to be a ladybug, it seems to be a variety of carnivorous ladybugs, herbivorous ladybugs, and fungistrophic ladybugs that eat fungi. Herbivorous Ladybugs seem to be positioned as insect pests on the contrary. Also, ladybugs are not only adults, larvae are also beneficial insects. The larvae also eat a coccoidea and others.

           

           

           

           

          ・ Mantis

           

           

          Mantis eats a variety of insect pests, such as larvae of swallowtail butterfly, bell moth, aphids, coccoidea and mites. The mantis is a lifetime of several months after becoming an adult, and also the range of action is not so wide since it is several meters even if it often flew. Even my garden has laid eggs and will appear every year, so it may appear even if you leave a mantis alone when it appears once. In China, more than 1.8 million mantises were released and experimented "Mantis farming method" ...

           

           

           

           

          ・ larvaes of green lacewing

           

            Prey on aphids.

           

           

           

           

          ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)

           

            Prey on aphids.

           

           

           

           

          ・ Spider   Eat anything.

           

           

           

           

          ・ Tree frog  Beneficiaries and pests are also eaten.

           

           

           

           

          ・ Pillbug 

           

            Eat anything on the soil. It eats everything and decomposes,

                so it seems that the state with many pillbugs is a good condition. 

           

           

           

           

           

          ・ Earwigs 

            Earwigs eat pests falling on the ground.

           

           

           

           

          It is hard to find and capture beneficial insects. Therefore, there seems to be a way to plant herbs attracting beneficial insects together. There seems to be various herbs favoring beneficial insects such as nastatium for ladybugs, dill for spiders and green lacewings, lemon balm and coriander for bees.

           

           

           

           

           

           

          2017.12.18 Monday

          Part 2-2

          0

            JUGEMテーマ:家庭

             

             

             

             

             

            АHow to plant a lemon in pots

             

             

            👉 Proper time for plantation

             

             

            Proper time to plant the young plant of

             

            the lemon is from the end of February to

             

            the end of March as same as a garden

             

            plant.

             

             

             

            In the case of a potted plant, we can

             

            carry a bowl to the room without

             

            influence of the cold at cold winter

             

            time.

             

            Therefore you may plant it from September

             

            to October.

             

             

             

            👉 A large seedling is suitable

             

              for a potted plant

             

             

            A large seedling is suitable for a potted

             

            plant. This is because the large seedling

             

            can be grown as the bowl which it

             

            purchased, and the first fruition is

             

            earlier than a stick seedling.

             

             

             

            When we choose the large seedling, we

             

            should choose a young plant which is

             

            branching off equally from the plant

             

            foot treatment.

             

            Because the space where fruits grow

             

            increases and can finish it compactly.

             

             

             

             

            👉 Various bowls

             

             

            We are divided into a plastic bowl, an

             

            unglazed bowl, an earthenware bowl by

             

            the difference in materials. There is the

             

            light, strong resin bowl. You should

             

            better to buy a light plastic bowl and

             

            resin bowl, because you may carry it to

             

            the room at the winter cold time.

             

            As a matter of course, the weight of the

             

            young plant and soil will be added to

             

            weight of bowl itself.

             

             

             

            An oblong bowl has a sense of stability

             

            than a tall bowl. If there is a bowl that

             

            the diameter of the bowl top is same as

             

            a bowl bottom, it has a sense of

             

            stability more.

             

             

             

             

            The design is important, too. But,we will

             

            image height and width of the future

             

            young plant. I recommend that you choose

             

            the bowl which "is hard to fall down".

             

             

             

            👉 Soil to use

             

             

            A weed is easy to grow when we use the

             

            garden soil, and also, the drainage is

             

            not so good, too. The "soil for fruit

             

            tree" seems to be good if available.

             

            The acidity of this soil is ph5 .5-6.0,

             

            and you can just use it.

             

            When it is not available, you mix

             

            "the soil for vegetables" and Kanuma

             

            soil in the ratio of 7:3 and seem to

             

            use it.

             

             

             

            👉 Plantation methods

             

             

            As for the plantation method, please see

             

            the next article "transplanted a potted

             

            lemon". In addition, even in the case of

             

            a potted plant, we can suppress the

             

            growth of the tree. For example,

             

            we pull a branch aside. we suppress the

             

            growth by doing this way and can make

             

            with fruit better. At first we roll the

             

            edge of the bowl with a string.

             

            Then, we tie the string which I wrapped

             

            the edge in the branch which I want to

             

            pull aside with a string.

             

             

             

             

             

             

            ─How to transplant a lemon

             

               into a bowl

             

             

            In the case of a potted plant, the inside

             

            of the bowl becomes full of roots when we

             

            just leave it. So, it is usually

             

            necessary to transplant it at the pace

             

            once in 2-3 years. The old root comes to

             

            wither up to become hard to suck water

             

            well even if we do watering.

             

             

             

             A root comes out of the bottom

             

              of the bowl

             

            ◆Water did not readily soak into soil

             

              even if we did water

             

             

            While being careful about such states, we

             

            transplant it into a slightly big bowl. (

             

            1〜2号 larger ) By the way, we can

             

            measure the size (号) of the bowl when

             

            we divide a diameter by 3. (30cm in

             

            diameter /3cm = 10号) Even if you do not

             

            want to make a bowl big, please

             

            transplant it, and please cut down a

             

            jam-packed root.

             

             

             

            When we transplant it, we warn next.

             

            A root may rot when we transplant a

             

            seedling into a bigger bowl suddenly

             

            because soil does not readily dry. T

             

            herefore you seem to be careful about

             

            the size of the bowl to exchange.(into a

             

            slightly big bowl)

             

            By the way, I did not know the above.

             

            Therefore I have exchanged it with a 14号

             

            bowl from a 7号 bowl when I

             

            transplanted the potted lemon which I

             

            purchased. At hot time of July, I did a

             

            good watering every day twice in morning,

             

            an evening. I do not seem to do the

             

            decayed root for the moment. I want to

             

            be careful about decayed root in future.

             

             

             

            レモンの育て方 栽培方法

             

             

            Article of the transplantation

            that I tried

             

            「I transplanted a potted lemon plant!!」

             

             

            Please take a look. ( but Japanese )

             

             

             

             

             

             Care for flower and bud

             

              (I work on pollination)

             

             

            👉 About pollination

             

             

            As the young plant of the lemon is

             

            pollinated with one and bears fruit,

             

            the pollination tree is not necessary.

             

            In addition, we do not need the

             

            artificial pollination basically because

             

            the insects carry the pollen. My lemon

             

            does nothing in particular, but it is

             

            pollinated and bear fruit.

             

            (There is not particularly a lot an

             

            insect)

             

             

             

             

            But it seems to become hard to be

             

            pollinated when insects do not come very

             

            much. When a fruit does not grow

             

            though the flower of the lemon blooms,

             

            please do artificial pollination. A fruit

             

            seems to have possibilities to grow.

             

            The artificial pollination is possible by

             

            using dry writing brushes when we touch

             

            it in turn in a stamen and the pistil

             

            capitals.

             

             

             

            👉 Care for flower and bud

             

             

            We pick all the flower (bud) which

             

            bloomed in autumn and summer to promote

             

            that we grow fruit.

             

            (When we grow the fruit which grow from

             

            the flower which bloomed in spring)

             

             

             

            About the flower(bud) which bloomed

             

             in spring

             

            When do you pick a bud and a flower? 

             

            A judgment seems to change by a purpose.

             

             

            a.A leaf is necessary to grow fruit.

             

             (20 pieces of leaves are necessary

             

              for one fruit?)

             

             

            b.If we pick the bud and flowers,we can

             

              spend the nourishment for branches

             

              and leaves and flowers and buds

             

              which we left.

             

             ⇒We should pick flowers and buds.

             

             

            c.In consideration of a physical fruit

             

              drop, we do not pick flowers and

             

              buds.

             

             ⇒We should not pick flowers and buds. 

             

             

             

            Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

             

            We seem to be able to consider that a

             

            physiological fruit drop is a self-regulating

             

            function of fruit tree itself. A physiological

             

            fruit drop is a menstruation phenomenon

             

            that it try to leave a few fruits which

             

            is only grow and drop other fruit when

             

            nutrition is insufficient.

             

             

             

            A menstruation phenomenon. When there are too few fruits drop, a tree body weakens and causes a biennial bearing. (A high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.) On the contrary, when there are too many fruits drop, growth becomes popular, and the branch will be a abnormally long branch. The physiological fruit drop is classified roughly into two ways. One is an fruit drop appearing soon after the flowering. It is a latter term fruit drop appearing before a crop one more.

             

             

             

             

            We can concentrate on giving nourishment to a bud and flower and the branches and leaves which we want to leave when we pick up an unnecessary bud and flower. However, when a fruit has begun to become really, physiological fruit drop happens, and a fruit hardly remains if "a fruit to bring up" falls. Therefore we do not cut a bud and the flower and leave all. A way of thinking to perform fruit picking after a physiological fruit drop is like C.

             

             

             

            This year my garden planted lemon has added about 100 flowers. It was a bud for a long time, but the flowers finally bloomed. However, when I thought that the flowers bloomed on May 10, the flowers began to fall on May 13. If you would like to organize to a certain extent in advance, I think that it would be better to do a bud picking rather than a flower picking.

             

             

             

            In lemon flowers, incomplete flowers without stamen may bloom. (Of course, it does not become a fruit.) It is said that low temperature is the cause. Also, if the tree is still young and there is no power to fruit it seems there will be many incomplete flowers. Lisbon lemon raised in our house seems to be a species with many incomplete flowers. Meyer lemon is a kind that fruits are often attached, and it seems that there are not too many incomplete flowers. If incomplete flowers bloom, it would be better if you picked flowers. (After scattering naturally, remove residual flowers.)

             

             

             

             

             

             

            The record at that time is here!

            「Finally blooming flowers!」

             

             

             

            👉 I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.

             

                  The state at that time is "here"!

             

             

             

             

             Cutting of the lemon

             

             

            It cuts out the branches, stems, leaves etc of the plant, inserts it in the soil and puts out the roots. Fresh branches at the tip of the branch and flexible branches under extension seems to be unusable for cutting because it tends to rot after insertion. Branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder seem to be suitable for cutting of lemons.

             

             

             

            As a suitable period, it is said that the period of the rainy season in June is good. Cuttings are said to be less prone to fruit, less vulnerable to diseases and pests, shorter life span than grafts. However, it does not need to prepare a rootstock, and the point that it is relatively easy to increase seedlings is attractive.

             

             

             

            It is said that citrus fruits are relatively easy to cut. When I cut it, for example, I used a "root promoter", but it is said that roots grow only by adding nothing at all "just put the cut branches in soil".

            cutting branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder, growing in a shade not exposed to rain, watering every morning and evening, etc. are the points in cutting. However, I think that "roots will grow on cuttings just by watering firmly everyday."

             

             

             

            On June 17, I cut seven branches. I raised it in the shade that does not hit the rain.(One of them raised in the place where sun and rain hit) A new sprout came out from one branch after 42 days. After that, sprouts came out from all the branches.

             

             

             

             

            <Cutting procedure I did>

             

             

            a.Cut the solid branches into a length of 10 to 15 cm.

             

                  And drop the leaves on the lower half of the branches.

             

                  Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

             

                  (To suppress transpiration)

             

             

            b.Soak this branch in a bucket filled with water.

             

                  (About 1 hour)

             

             

            c.Cut the lower tip of the branch off the water diagonally.

             

                  (To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

             

                  and to expand the area where the roots come out.)

             

             

            d.Apply a rooting promoter to the lower tip of the cut branch.

             

             

            e.Put the soil exclusively for sowing buds and seeds, and insert the cuttings.

             

                  When inserting, digging the hole, cover the branch with soil

             

                  so that rooting promoter can not be removed.

             

             

            f.Add water to the whole.

             

             

             

             

             

            Here is the situation when I went cutting.(With photos)

             

             「I tried cutting with lemon!」

             

             

            Since the roots came out from the cuttings, the state at the time of replanting into a pot is here.

             

             「Cutting of lemon 54 days later ...」

             

             

             

             

            In the future, seedlings made of cuttings,

             

            Is it difficult to become fruitful? ,

            Is it vulnerable to diseases and pests? ,

            Is the lifetime short? ,

             

            I would like to validate.

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             Grafting of lemon

             

             

            Looking at the lemon seedlings that are on sale, most of them seem to be seedlings made from grafting. Grafting is done because cold resistance and disease resistance will be higher than without grafting. That is because you use a growing stock. 

             

             

             

            Depending on the type of fruit trees and flowers, there are things that can not be seeded, or it takes a long time to be able to grow, when raised from their own seeds or when raised with cuttings. When growing with grafting, it will be fruit soon, it seems that you can make a strong tree against diseases and pests. 

             

             

             

             

             

            "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

             

            It is a characteristic that there is a big thorns, and fruits is a cold-resistant variety among the citrus. It is also known as the bait of swallowtail butterfly. It can be used as a rootstock of all citrus fruits. Karatachi is used as a rootstock in 95% of domestic citrus fruits.

             

             

             

            When raising "Karatachi" as a rootstock from seeds, it seems necessary for about two years. In addition, when purchasing seedlings of Karatachi, a sending fee (around 1,000 yen) will be required for 1 seedling (around 600 yen) . If so, rather than trying grafting, it will be cheaper to purchase lemon seedlings.

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

            👉 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!

             

                     is「Here」!

             

             

             

            👉 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!

             

                     is「Here」!

             

             

             

             

             

            👉 「How to grow lemon 4」 is Here!

             

             

            It is the final version of "How to grow lemon".

             

            You can read all the articles of "Index".

             

             

             

             

             

             

            2017.12.09 Saturday

            Part 1

            0

              JUGEMテーマ:家庭

               

               

               

               

               


               How to grow a lemon, Part 1

               

                While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

               

                      (INDEX to 3-◆


               

               

               

              〜 Introduction 〜

               

               

               

              I have begun to write a blog of

               

              how to grow a lemon.

               

               

               

              Its number of articles is "56" a little.

               

               

               

              I couldn't find an article.

               

              Where, did I write that article?

               

               

               

              If there is not "a summary",

               

              each article terminates in each article.

               

               

               

               

              From such thought,

               

              I compile each article

               

              as "a book of one how to grow a lemon".

               

               

               

               

              I think that it takes considerable time

               

              so that each article is completed.

               

               

               

               

              But, 

               

               

              I should be able to update it

               

              while inspecting it every day.

               

               

               

               

               

               

              ■ Index

               

              1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

               

                Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

               

              I went to Shimanami Kaido!

               

               

              2、The history of the lemon

               

              ・The first lemon

               

              ・A lemon came over to Japan.

               

               

              3、About how to grow a lemon.

               

                On the cultivation of the lemon.

               

              ・Area suitable for the cultivation

               of the lemon

               

              ・The tree bears fruit with one

               

              ・Time is necessary before it bears a

               fruit for the first time

               

              How to buy young plants, various kinds

               

              ・A stick seedling and large seedling

               

              ・When should we buy a seedling?

               

              ・How to choose good young plants

               

               

               Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

               

              ぁWatering

               

              ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden?

                Or,is it a potted plant?

               

              ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

               

              АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

               

              ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

               

               Care for flower, bud

                (I work on pollination)

               

               Cutting of the lemon

               

               Grafted tree of the lemon

               

               The pruning of the lemon

               

               Cold measures

               

               Lemon cultivation and insects

               

               How to grow a lemon in the porch

               

               

              5、Pest of the lemon

               

               Coccoidea

               

              ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

               

               Citrus leafminer

               

              ぁBell moth

               

              ァAphid

               

              ΑSpider Mite

               

              АLonghorn beetle

               

              ─Thrips

               

               

              6、Disease of the lemon

               

               Melanose

               

              ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

               

               Elsinoë fawcettii

               

              ぁGray mold

               

              ァCercospora leaf mold

               

               

              7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

               

               A leaf is yellow

               

              ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

               

               A flower falls

                (a flower does not bloom)

               

              ぁA fruit falls

               

               

              8、Work according to the month

               

               

              9、Eating a lemon

               

               

              10、Recipe using the lemon

               

               

               

               

               

               

              1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

               

               

                Fascinate to grow a lemon

                 in a house.

               

               

              Almost persons reading this article

               

              already have a purpose (charm)

               

              to cultivate by yourself.

               

               

              Because you'll already make a fruit tree,

               

              vegetables or be going to make a lemon

               

              from now on.

               

               

              One of a fascinate to grow a lemon in a

               

              house is what we can harvest it at the

               

              most delicious time. The commercial

               

              fruit and vegetables are harvested

               

              before the most ripen fully.

               

               

              This is because it takes time before it

               

              reaches the consumers. The citrus

               

              fruits become sweet with growth.

               

               

              As for the lemon which ripened fully

               

              with becoming the tree, both the taste

               

              and the fragrance are totally another

               

              thing. You can taste a genuine taste

               

              at seasonal time.

               

               

               

               

              Another fascinate to grow a lemon in a

               

              house is what we can eat pesticide-free

               

              fruit, vegetables.

               

               

              In the case of an import lemon, we use

               

              a preservative (mold materials or wax-

               

              proof) not to be corrupt from the

               

              foreign country to the transportation.

               

               

              It does not have a problem that you

               

              eat a lemon after removing peel of

               

              lemon.

               

               

              However, I want to be concerned

               

              with a pesticide-free lemon when I

               

              think about a carcinogenic

               

              teratogenic risk and seem to become.

               

               

              The lemon in particular,

               

              vitamin C is included in the peel of

               

              lemon as same as in the fresh and fruit

               

              juice of lemon.

               

               

              When you thought about nourishment,

               

              you should be able to eat the peel of

               

              lemon, too.

               

               

              I put a slice lemon in the tea. The lemon

               

              to put in the tea has better lemon with

               

              the peel.

               

               

               

              As a matter of course, there is not only

               

              the charm "eating" but also the charm

               

              "appreciating". I only look at the flower

               

              of the lemon sweetly, and a heart calms

               

              down.

               

               

              In addition, citral and limonene are

               

              included in a bag (oil gland) to collect

               

              a fragrance ingredient called the

               

              essential oil in to the rind of a fruit

               

              of the lemon. So that; is unique;

               

              smell refreshing.

               

               

              This is included in the leaf of the

               

              lemon. I cut a leaf, and I prune it,

               

              and the fragrance of the lemon

               

              sometimes spreads.

               

               

               

               

              Why will I be going to grow a lemon? 

               

              Because the reason consumes vitamin C

               

              deliciously. This is because it drinks

               

              the lemon mixed juice which squeezed

               

              a lemon raw.

               

               

              A lemon is one tree, and a fruit grows.

               

              In addition, in the case of  other soft

               

              fruit, it will be deceived by a pest and

               

              bacteria, and it is difficult to grow.

               

               

              However, a lemon is hard to be deceived

               

              by a pest and can simplify the fruit

               

              which I can eat, because the rind of a

               

              fruit of the lemon is thick. How to grow

               

              lemons cannot be difficult.  

               

               

              Maybe・・・

               

               

               

               

               

               

               ◆I went to Shimanami Kaido!

               

               

              In July, 2017, I went to Shimanami Kaido

               

              in two people with a wife.

               

               

              From the Hiroshima side, I passed with

               

              Mukaijima, Innoshima, Ikuchijima,

               

              Omishima, Hakatajima, Oshima and

               

              went to Imabari-shi, Ehime.

               

               

               

              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

               

               

               

              "Ikuchijima with Sedota-cho is 25km from

               

              Imabari-shi, Ehime. It is the island of

               

              approximately 8,700 population in the

               

              center of Shimanami Kaido.

               

               

              Because approximately 50% of the island

               

              are suddenly slanted in Ikuchijima,

               

              exposure to the sun is good. The amount

               

              of production of the lemon is number one

               

              in Japan."

               

               

              "Approximately a quarter (28%) of the

               

              domestic lemon is produced in Sedota-cho.

               

               

              However, among lemons consumed in

               

              Japan, the ratio that a domestic lemon is

               

              consumed is less than 5%. Consumed most

               

              lemons are from the United States.

               

               

              This is because a price is low. The lemon

               

              which a farming family of Sedota-cho

               

              aimed at was the richness of the

               

              fragrance and the lemon which I could

               

              eat in peace.

               

               

              The Sedota lemon holds down the

               

              consumption of a pesticide and the

               

              chemical fertilizer to less than 50%.

               

              It is the lemon which I can eat

               

              together with a zest."

               

               

              I who had begun to grow a lemon had a

               

              lot of various questions. I went to the

               

              place of the best domestic amount of

               

              production in Japan and wanted to learn

               

              "how to grow lemons".

               

              ( In fact, I wanted to buy a seedling

               

              most. ^^;)

               

               

              I went to "the lemon valley" in Sedota-

               

              cho. There are really a lemon, a lemon.

               

              A lot of trees of lemon.

               

               

              The person who wants to feel the world of

               

              a lot of lemons, please drop in once!

               

               

               

               

              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

               

              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

               

               

               

               

               

               

              2、The history of the lemon

               

               

               

              虫眼鏡 The first lemon

               

               

              When and where did the lemon come from?

               

               

              The place of origin of the lemon seems to

               

              be the foothills of the Himalayas in

               

              India.

               

               

              It is supposed that the lemon came out of

               

              the mating of a shaddock and a lemonade,

               

              but does not seem to understand the

               

              original thing that a lemon has begun to

               

              be cultivated clearly.

               

               

              More than 1,400 years ago, Arabic people

               

              of the Muslim liked lemons. They brought

               

              in a lemon in the future to go and seemed

               

              to go over to Spain and Sicily, the North

               

              Africa.

               

               

              In the 15th century, the lemon came to be

               

              cultivated flourishingly in Italy and

               

              Spain.

               

               

              It will be "to have healed scurvy" to

               

              have escalated the cultivation of the

               

              lemon still more.

               

               

              In about 1500, the scurvy is the disease

               

              that took sailors at voyages of Vasco da

               

              Gama.

               

               

              As for the sailor, gingiva of the top and

               

              bottom swelled up. And they could eat

               

              nothing and starved to death. They

               

              suffered from hand pedialgia and

               

              gingival swelling and died in sequence.

               

               

              For the next 300 years, the scurvy

               

              attacked sailors who went on a voyage

               

              for a long term.

               

               

              Vitamin C is indispensable for generation

               

              of protein and the collagen included in

               

              the connective tissue. Collagen is not

               

              produced enough when we spend time

               

              without eating raw fruit and vegetables

               

              more than three months. As a result,

               

              various symptoms such as the gingival

               

              swelling are early and finally result

               

              in death.

               

               

              In 1582, Sailors who were deceived by

               

              scurvy strike the shore of West Africa,

               

              and they eat the lemon which grew

               

              there.

               

               

              When they washed the mouth with the fruit

               

              juice of the lemon, somebody recovered

               

              from the symptom of the mouth.

               

              Such example seemed to be persuasive

               

              grounds that a lemon worked for scurvy.

               

               

              After that, the senior service provides

               

              with about 6 million liters of squeezes

               

              of lemon in 19 years.

               

               

              The squeeze of lemon was stored in a

               

              barrel under the layer of the olive oil.

               

              As a result, it is to have been able to

               

              keep it without ascorbate most of the

               

              fruit juice being lost.

               

              As a matter of course, a sailor starting

               

              scurvy disappears.

               

               

              The loading the lemon onto the ship is a

               

              chance to let the consumption of the

               

              lemon increase, and the lemon farm will

               

              enlarge in each place.

               

               

               

               

               

              虫眼鏡 A lemon came over to Japan.

               

               

              It is listed in "a history of Japanese

               

              fruit chronological table" as follows.

               

               

              "April, 1875, Saburo Takagi who was a

               

              consul general introduced the seed and

               

              saplings such as orange, a lemon, a

               

              strawberry, the hop from the United

               

              States."

               

               

              In addition, it is written with a

               

              different book as follows.

               

               

              It is the Meiji era after the foundation

               

              of a country that a lemon was handed

               

              down to Japan.

               

               

              The lemon was mixed in many foreign-made

               

              articles, too. When a foreigner came for

               

              a hot spring cure in Atami of Shizuoka

               

              in 1873, he sprinkled the species of the

               

              lemon contained in dinner on the garden.

               

               

              It does not know which story is right.

               

              But, around the beginning of the Meiji

               

              era, the lemon seemed to come to Japan.

               

               

              It is written in the cultivation history

               

              of "the Sedota lemon" as follows.

               

              In 1928, I plant 300 trifoliate orange

               

              young plants and perform bud grafting

               

              of Lisbon Eureka Lemon.

               

               

              In other words, I understand that the

               

              lemon cultivation began after the Showa

               

              era.

               

               

               

               

              3、About how to grow a lemon

               

               

               

               On the cultivation of the lemon

               

               

              👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

                     of the lemon

               

               

              The lemon seems to like the land which

               

              drainage has good and the area with

               

              more than 15 degrees Celsius of mean

               

              temperature.

               

               

              In Japan, there is a lemon-growing area

               

              in the warm place of the south side from

               

              Kanto area. The slant ground of the

               

              mountains in the coastal area is a lemon

               

              -growing main area. Because chills do

               

              not collect, and drainage is good.

               

               

              A Setouchi lemon farm writes it, too.

               

               

              "Originally the area in Setouchi has

               

              little precipitation, and it is a warm

               

              area (mean temperature 15 degrees

               

              Celsius). It is a characteristic that

               

              there are many fine days.

               

              The lemon in particular is vulnerable to

               

              rain and wind. There are few typhoons,

               

              and, in this area with a little quantity

               

              of the wind, the outbreak of illness is

               

              controlled as much as possible and is

               

              the environment that is most suitable

               

              for a lemon. As for the lemon growing

               

              here, both the taste and the nourishment

               

              are fully included in the depths of the

               

              acidity."

               

               

              In particular, Sedota-cho is most

               

              suitable for lemon cultivation.

               

              This is because it wins a positive well

               

              as about half of the island is an

               

              immediate slant.

               

               

              And the lemon is vulnerable to cold.

               

              When temperature falls than -3 degrees

               

              Celsius, a tree weakens and seems to have

               

              possibilities to die. Therefore cold

               

              protection measures are necessary in the

               

              area becoming less than -3 degrees

               

              Celsius.

               

               

               

               


              👉 The tree bears fruit with one

               

               

              The tree of lemon is pollinated and bears

               

              a fruit only with one tree.

               

               

              Therefore the pollination tree is not

               

              necessary.

               

               

               

               

              👉 Time is necessary before it bears

               

                     a fruit for the first time

               

               

              The tree gives priority to bring up a

               

              body of oneself, rather than leaving the

               

              next generation (leaving fruit and a

               

              species).

               

               

              In other words, if the growth of a branch

               

              and a leaf of the tree becomes too much

               

              popular, most of the nourishment are used

               

              for the growth of a branch and the leaf ,

               

              and not be used for a flower and fruit ,

               

              and they are not accompanied by a flower

               

              and a fruit.

               

               

              In the case of a potted plant, It seem to

               

              be said to be need for 3 through 5 years

               

              before the fruit of the lemon grows for

               

              the first time.

               

               

              But, in the case of a planting in the

               

              garden, it seems to be said that we are

               

              necessary for 4 through 6 years.

               

               

              The growth of the root is limited, and

               

              this is because a branch and a leaf do

               

              not grow big in the case of a potted

               

              plant.

               

               

              Therefore nourishment arrives to a flower

               

              and fruit, and a potted plant seems to

               

              bear a fruit early.

               

              As for the particularly young tree, a

               

              branch and a leaf grow well. If we cut a

               

              branch or pull it aside, force to grow up

               

              can be weakened.

               

               

              There seems to be a method to let a lot

               

              of flowers bloom by doing so.

               

              However, it seem to be necessary for

               

              around three years before a fruit grows

               

              after planting the seedling of the lemon.

               

               

               

               

               

              ◆How to buy young plants,

               

                 various kinds

               

               

              👉 Stick seedling and large seedling

               

               

              We can classify the young plant roughly

               

              into "one stick stick seedling" and

               

              "large seedling which branched off a

               

              lot".

               

               

               

               

              Stick seedling;

               

               A price is low          楽しい

               

              ◆It is available for much

               

                how to make 楽しい

               

               It is necessary for three years

               

                before a fruit grows at least  悲しい

               

               

              Large seedling;

               

               A price is high     悲しい

               

              ◆It is begun easily   楽しい

               

               A fruit grows early 楽しい

               

               

               

              <A large seedling is recommended in

               

               potted plants>

               

               

              For a potted young plant, a large

               

              seedling is recommended than a stick

               

              seedling.

               

               

              Because, it is just grew lemons with the

               

              bowl which it purchased, and it is early

               

              that a fruit grows for the first time.

               

               

              When we choose the large seedling,

               

              we choose the young plant which branches

               

              off from a part near the plant foot

               

              treatment if possible.

               

               

              The space where fruit becomes increases

               

              and can finish it compactly.

               


               

               

              The tree of lemon which I planted in my

               

              garden purchased a stick seedling in a

               

              gardening shop.

               

               

              And the potted lemon purchased a large

               

              seedling on the Internet.

               

               

              I understand each merit and demerit well.

               

              It is up to the thought of the person

               

              which seedling is good.

               

               

              But I think that you should purchase the

               

              seedling after knowing the seedling

               

              passed how many years.

               

              It seems to be difficult to harvest fruit

               

              from a young seedling.

               

               

              I think that there is the joy of "to just

               

              grow the tree of lemon".

               

               

              However, you should purchase the seedling

               

              which passed for several years if your

               

              first purpose is "to harvest the fruit of

               

              the lemon".

               

               

              Please think that you purchased the

               

              period (time). Even if the price of large

               

              seedling is high, you will think that

               

              "it was good early to bear a fruit".

               

               

               

               

              👉 When should we buy a seedling?

               

               

              In both the gardening shop and the net

               

              shop, the seedling of the lemon is sold

               

              anytime.

               

               

              The seedling of the lemon is sold only at

               

              this time, which means there will not be

               

              it.

               

               

              But, in a case of planting a lemon,

               

              A climate is calm. About March is

               

              good because the growth of the tree of

               

              lemon is slow.

               

               

              Therefore it is thought that you should

               

              purchase it at that time. In addition,

               

              September is also good becase a lot of

               

              seedlings having a fruit are sold.

               

               

              By the way, I purchased the young plant

               

              (large seedling) of the lemon for the

               

              potted plant on the Internet in the end

               

              of July. (there were four fruits!)

               

               

              I transplanted it into a one size big

               

              bowl immediately.

               

              I still grow well.

               

              (of course,four fruits are fine!)

               

               

               

               

               

              👉 How to choose good young plants

               

               

              There are many leaves. The green of

               

              the leaf is deep. A branch is enriched

               

              and thick.

               

               

              It is said that the seedling are good to

               

              buy. Even if a lot of flower and fruits

               

              grow , it is temporary.

               

               

              We want to just judge the purchase from

               

              the viewpoint of  銑 above. But we see

               

               銑 and can purchase it if we go to

               

              the home centers for buying by oneself. 

               

               

              However, we can't buy the seedling aftere

               

              check  銑 above if we buy it on the

               

              Internet.

               

               

              On the other hand, the young plant of the

               

              lemon is sold when we go to the gardening

               

              shop, but there are not many kinds (one

               

              kind - two kinds) and does not sell a

               

              lot. We can buy most kinds if we buy it

               

              in a net shop.

               

               

               

               

              The article of

               

              Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

               

              is here!

               

               

               

               

               

              I am producing "how to grow lemons 2".

               

              Please wait a minute.

               

               

               

               

               

               

               

              2017.12.08 Friday

              Part 2-1

              0

                JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 


                 How to grow a lemon,

                 

                                             Part 2

                 

                  While a beginner inspect the

                 

                                    cultivation method.

                 

                        (INDEX to 3-◆


                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ■ Index

                 

                1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                 

                  Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

                 

                I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                 

                 

                2、The history of the lemon

                 

                ・The first lemon

                ・A lemon came over to Japan.

                 

                 

                3、About how to grow a lemon.

                 

                  On the cultivation of the lemon.

                 

                ・Area suitable for the cultivation of the lemon

                ・The tree bears fruit with one

                ・Time is necessary before it bears a fruit for the first time

                 

                How to buy young plants, various kinds

                 

                ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                ・When should we buy a seedling?

                ・How to choose good young plants

                 

                 

                 Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

                ぁWatering

                ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden? Or,is it a potted plant?

                ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                 Care for flower, bud (I work on pollination)

                 Cutting of the lemon

                 Grafted tree of the lemon

                 The pruning of the lemon

                 Cold measures

                 Lemon cultivation and insects

                 How to grow a lemon in the porch

                 

                 

                5、Pest of the lemon

                 Coccoidea

                ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                 Citrus leafminer

                ぁBell moth

                ァAphid

                ΑSpider Mite

                АLonghorn beetle

                ─Thrips

                 

                 

                6、Disease of the lemon

                 Melanose

                ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                 Elsinoë fawcettii

                ぁGray mold

                ァCercospora leaf mold

                 

                 

                7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                 A leaf is yellow

                ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                 A flower falls (a flower does not bloom)

                ぁA fruit falls

                 

                 

                8、Work according to the month

                 

                 

                9、Eating a lemon

                 

                 

                10、Recipe using the lemon

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                3、About how to grow a lemon

                 

                 

                  Soil, manure

                 

                    (effective microorganisms)

                 

                 

                👉 How much is the quantity of

                 

                   fertilization?

                 

                 

                 

                ☝In the case of a smartphone, a screen

                 spreads with touch.

                 

                 

                 

                When we grow lemons,

                 

                how much

                 

                ◆when must we give the manure?

                 

                I checked it in various ways, but there

                 

                was not the same information. Quantity

                 

                of fertilization. Time. The number of

                 

                times to give in the year.

                 

                It was different each. But I describe it

                 

                as there was a point becoming similar

                 

                mention.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                a.Lemon cultivation requires a lot

                 

                  of manure.

                 

                Generally, it is said that the citrus

                 

                fruits consume fertilizer in comparison

                 

                with other fruit trees. In particular, a

                 

                lemon is a fruit tree consuming

                 

                fertilizer in that citrus fruits.

                 

                The lemon has much quantity of

                 

                outbreak of the branch.

                 

                 

                In addition, it flowers many times in a

                 

                year,and this is because it needs much

                 

                nourishment. A root goes bad even if we

                 

                give a lot of manure at a time and flows

                 

                out before manure is absorbed.

                 

                Therefore it is common I divide it into

                 

                several times a year, and to give manure

                 

                while grow a lemon.

                 

                 

                 

                b.I surround organic quality compound

                 

                      fertilizer in about February

                 

                      (initial fertilization).

                 

                     In addition, I sprinkle mineral

                 

                    matter compound fertilizer in another

                 

                     month   (additional fertilizing).

                 

                 

                 

                Organic quality compound fertilizer

                 

                ; Seedcake, chicken droppings,

                 

                      fish meal, compost, cow dung.

                 

                 

                 Improvement of the soil is effective.

                 

                 (soil softens, and water retentivity

                 

                    increases)

                 

                ◆Slow-release.

                 

                 Microbes increase.

                 

                ぁThere are few manure ingredients.

                 

                ァThe smell is special, and an insect

                 

                      may be boiled.

                 

                 

                 

                Mineral matter compound fertilizer

                 

                ; Compound fertilizer, urea.

                 

                 

                 We fertilize three major nutrients

                 

                     (nitrogen, phosphoric acid,

                 

                      potassium) efficiently.

                 

                ◆There are slow-release and immediate

                 

                      effect and can choose it.

                 

                 It tends to be cheaper than organic

                 

                      quality manure.

                 

                ぁOnly with mineral matter, soil

                 

                      environment worsens.

                 

                      (The soil will lose weight)

                 

                ァIt may cause manure desperation.

                 

                      (overdoing)

                 

                ΑThere is not the smell, and there is

                 

                    not the worry to breed in an insect.

                 

                 

                Most of organic quality manure are

                 

                slow-release and few manure ingredients.

                 

                 

                The lemon needs a lot of manure. When

                 

                quick effect characteristics are demanded

                 

                like after-season fertilizing, experience

                 

                and an effort seem to be necessary to

                 

                cultivate a lemon only in organic quality

                 

                manure.

                 

                 

                So there seem to be many descriptions

                 

                that "sprinkle organic quality compound

                 

                fertilizer on the initial fertilization,

                 

                and sprinkle mineral matter compound

                 

                fertilizer on the additional fertilizing"

                 

                to make use of both good points.

                 

                 

                 

                c.It is the almost same

                 

                      when I see it by an annual unit.

                 

                 

                There seem to be various descriptions as

                 

                mentioned above when we consider quantity

                 

                of fertilization and the fertilization

                 

                number of times each. But, when we judge

                 

                the quantity of fertilization X number

                 

                of times」from an annual unit, the gross

                 

                weight of the manure to give is almost

                 

                same.

                 

                I think that you may change the number of

                 

                times to fertilize from a point of view

                 

                that "The lemon is easy to absorb manure

                 

                if you distribute the number of times to

                 

                fertilize".

                 

                 

                 

                d.Method to sprinkle manure

                 

                 

                A garden Plant

                 

                We sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                 

                land uniformly in a range (Trunk Diameter)

                 

                where the branches and leaves grow.

                 

                The manure is good just to sprinkle it on

                 

                the surface of the land. But, absorption

                 

                of the manure improves when we mix it

                 

                with soil lightly.

                 

                 

                 

                A potted plant

                 

                I sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                 

                potting compost uniformly. It is not

                 

                necessary to mix it with soil.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Please careful about manure

                 

                       desperation !

                 

                 

                As much as we give a manure, it is not

                 

                good. The density of fertility in the

                 

                soil rises when I fertilize it too much,

                 

                and the water of the root is robbed of

                 

                it under the influence of osmotic

                 

                pressure.

                 

                It can be expected, "a lemon withers up

                 

                even if I put up a lot of water".

                 

                 

                When a ratio of compound fertilizer uses

                 

                expensive fertilizer, attention is

                 

                necessary.

                 

                 

                 

                It washes away fertility in the soil

                 

                if we cause manure desperation.

                 

                In the case of a potted plant, we do

                 

                water about 5 times as normal,

                 

                and water flows out of the bowl

                 

                bottom for a while.

                 

                You seem to perform this work every day

                 

                for about five days.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 The measurement and adjustment

                 

                       of the acidity in the soil

                 

                 

                The root of the citrus fruit likes weak

                 

                acidity around ph 5.5-6.0 in the soil.

                 

                The growth of the tree worsens so that

                 

                the acidity of the soil is separated from

                 

                ph5 .5-6.0. Using acidity measurement

                 

                liquid, a value of the acidity should be

                 

                coordinated when values are different

                 

                more than 1.0 from ph5 .5-6.0 back

                 

                and forth.

                 

                 

                We use lime for a case to raise soil ph

                 

                (can get closer to the neutrality).

                 

                The magnesia lime includes magnesium

                 

                and seems to be recommended as action

                 

                is slow.

                 

                300g of magnesia lime is necessary to put

                 

                up 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                 

                land. We use sublimed sulfur for a case

                 

                to lower soil ph (can get closer

                 

                to the acidity).

                 

                200g of sublimed sulfur is necessary to

                 

                lower 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                 

                land.

                 

                 

                I measured the acidity of the soil, too.

                 

                I could easily measure when I used the

                 

                acidity measurement liquid.

                 

                 

                 

                Please refer 「I measured ph!」.

                 

                 

                 

                レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                 

                 

                 

                👉 I try to sprinkle effective

                 

                       microorganisms

                 

                 

                I read an article to "cultivate the lemon

                 

                without using the pesticide".

                 

                 

                 The probability to be damaged of a

                 

                disease and the insect rises when we

                 

                give a lot of manure.

                 

                 

                 

                ◆The tree of lemon meets the life

                 

                immediately when we reduce manure

                 

                and we cultivate it while suppressing

                 

                the pruning. (it becomes weak)

                 

                 

                 

                 So we make met environment with

                 

                probiotic.

                 

                 

                "We make met environment with probiotic".

                 

                In other words, we sprinkle effective

                 

                microorganisms and a fermentation microbe

                 

                (lactic acid bacterium, yeast,

                 

                photosynthetic bacteria) and make the

                 

                soil better (the probiotic is higher than

                 

                the viuses and bacteria which are a

                 

                microbe letting a thing oxidize).

                 

                Then we can enable the organic farming

                 

                that we can revivify power of the

                 

                original soil and is hard to match pest

                 

                damage.

                 

                (We interfere with being deceived by a

                 

                disease and an insect even if we give an

                 

                organic fertilizer)

                 

                It is like such a thing when I gather

                 

                it up.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                <What is an effective microorganisms?>

                 

                 

                 

                The word "EM" took an initial of

                 

                "Effective Microorganism" (useful microbe

                 

                group), and EM is cultured by so many

                 

                kinds of useful microbes.

                 

                {* But "EM" is a coined word (trademark)

                 

                by Professor Hika who is a advocate of

                 

                EM, and is a central researcher.

                 

                So,"EM" is not a technical term in the

                 

                general microbiology.}

                 

                 

                 

                We can measure the acidity (ph) in the

                 

                soil, but it is difficult to measure the

                 

                state of bacteria.

                 

                It is difficult to confirm that to

                 

                maintain the state (good balance) of

                 

                the bacteria become a direct cause to

                 

                prevent a disease and a pest.

                 

                 

                On the other hand, it seems to be caused

                 

                by the environment (including the state

                 

                of the soil) that a pest comes, and

                 

                branches and leaves get sick.

                 

                I think that it is very good to sprinkle

                 

                good bacteria because I do not spread

                 

                bad bacteria.

                 

                I make EM manure and EM wash and sprinkle

                 

                it.

                 

                I think that the result has just begun,

                 

                but want to make the state an article.

                 

                 

                 

                「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

                 

                「I made EM manure!」

                 

                「I made EM wash!」     

                 

                 

                There are others, the related story, too.

                 

                 

                Effective Microorganism

                レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                 

                 

                 


                ぁWatering

                 

                 

                The lemon is not so weak against drying.

                 

                In the case of a garden plant, there is

                 

                little need to do watering other than hot

                 

                summer. However, watering is important

                 

                work to control growth. Therefore you

                 

                will understand a precaution.

                 

                 

                 

                <In the case of a gargen plant>

                 

                We are careful not to become the shortage

                 

                of water for from July to September that

                 

                are the high temperature period. A tree

                 

                take the damage when it becomes the

                 

                shortage of water, and fruit does not

                 

                grow big. Let's give water well by once

                 

                for each morning and evening.

                 

                 

                 

                <In the case of a potted plant>

                 

                Because the range that the root grows is

                 

                limited, periodical watering is

                 

                necessary. When we put a bowl under

                 

                the eaves to suppress the outbreak of

                 

                illness, the soil of the bowl is careful

                 

                not to dry in particular. If "the surface

                 

                of the potting compost dries, the basics

                 

                of the timing to water".

                 

                 

                 

                In spring once in 2-3 days. In the summer

                 

                1 to 2 times a day. In autumn once in 1-3

                 

                days. In winter once in 3-7 days. This

                 

                interval provide an indication of

                 

                watering.

                 

                When we make a little dry some potting

                 

                compost until winter, cold resistance

                 

                becomes strong. On the other hand,

                 

                we water too much and are careful about

                 

                decayed root being caused. "If the

                 

                surface of the potting compost dries,

                 

                we water".

                 

                 

                 

                Outbreak of illness is controlled when we

                 

                water in potting compost so that water

                 

                does not hang over the branches and

                 

                leaves. In addition, there seems to be

                 

                the way called "leaf water-spray" with

                 

                direct water over a leaf exceptionally,

                 

                too.

                 

                This is because it lowers side

                 

                temperature of the leaves on a hot day,

                 

                and it washes away a dirt and a pest.

                 

                Let's perform it on a fine day and on a

                 

                day to dry immediately.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                Do you plant a lemon in the garden? 

                 

                      Or,is it a potted plant?

                 

                 

                A gargen plant

                 

                <Merit>

                 

                ・There are many harvests.

                 (a tree grows big)

                 

                ・Transplantation is unnecessary.

                 

                ・There is little number of times of

                 the watering.

                 

                 Except summer of the intense heat,

                 the watering is approximately

                 unnecessary.

                 

                 And so on.

                 

                <Demerit>

                 

                ・The number of years to harvesttime

                 is long.

                 

                (After outdoor planting,

                 is it difficult for three years?)

                 

                ・It is difficult to prevent cold.

                 

                 When the lemon is less than -3 degrees

                 Celsius, it may wither and die.

                 

                 Therefore we choose the cultivation

                 area.

                 

                ・Because it is easy to become the big

                 tree, the pruning every year is

                 indispensable. And so on.

                 

                 

                The first reason that purchased the tree

                 

                of lemon for a garden plant is because I

                 

                wanted to harvest a lot of fruit of the

                 

                lemon.

                 

                However, I became slightly afraid that I

                 

                was in trouble if a lemon became so big

                 

                and thick when I went to Shimanami Kaido

                 

                and looked at the trunk of the lemon in

                 

                the lemon field. From this year, I will

                 

                prune the tree on lemon properly. It is

                 

                difficult to prevent a trunk from

                 

                becoming thick, but I'll try to prevent a

                 

                tree from growing big.

                 

                 

                 

                A potted plant

                 

                <Merit>

                 

                ・Years until the first fruition are

                 short.

                 

                ・We can grow the fruit tree which is

                 vulnerable to cold.

                 

                 We can easily move the seedling of the

                 lemon to the room only in winter.

                 

                 (We do not choose an area and the

                 place)

                 

                ・It is easy to bear a fruit.

                 

                ・We can grow compactly.

                 

                ・No worries about a disease and pest

                 if we grow lemons in the room.

                 

                <Demerit>

                 

                ・There are few harvests.

                 

                ・Transplantation is necessary.

                 (We transplant it in 2-3 years)

                 

                ・Watering is necessary frequently.

                 

                 And so on.

                 

                 

                 

                *「It is easy to bear a fruit」

                 

                When the branches and leaves grow too

                 

                much popular, most of the nourishment

                 

                are used by growth of the branches and

                 

                leaves. As a result, the flowers and

                 

                fruits cannot take the nourishment, and

                 

                it is the tendency that the flowers

                 

                and fruits do not grow. We can say this

                 

                trend about overall tree not only a

                 

                lemon.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                The growth of the branches and leaves

                 

                links a root. In the case of a garden

                 

                plant,the land where a root grows is

                 

                large, so the growth of the branches

                 

                and leaves is easy to become popular.

                 

                As a result, the fruit becomes the

                 

                tendency that is hard to grow.

                 

                On the other hand,in the case of a potted

                 

                plant,the growth of the root is limited,

                 

                so the growth of the branches and leaves

                 

                is limited, too. As a result, it becomes

                 

                the tendency that fruit is easy to

                 

                become.

                 

                 

                 

                When we plant a stick seedling, it is

                 

                necessary before the first fruition for

                 

                4 through 6 years in the case of a garden

                 

                plant, but becomes short for 3 through 5

                 

                years in the case of a potted plant.

                 

                 

                 

                In other words, the tree gives priority

                 

                to grow oneself (now) than to leave the

                 

                next generation (in the future).

                 

                If a root cannot grow, a root stop

                 

                growing oneself and try to begin to leave

                 

                the next generation. I think "I use of

                 

                this thought and want to find a method to

                 

                preferentially grow fruits in the case of

                 

                a garden plant,too".

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ΑHow to plant a lemon in the

                  garden

                 

                 

                👉 Proper time for plantation

                 

                Proper time to plant the young plant of

                 

                the lemon is from the end of February to

                 

                the end of March in Japan. It is good for

                 

                the plantation of the seedling becase the

                 

                growth of the root is slow and there is

                 

                little worry that a seedling is damaged

                 

                by cold. In the case of the area where

                 

                cold is severe, You may plant it before

                 

                it starts sprouting in about April.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Place to plant a seedling

                 

                When we plant a seedling in a sunny place

                 

                and in the place that drainage has good,

                 

                fruits grow well and come to have good

                 

                quality. The place where a strong wind is

                 

                easy to blow and chills are easy to

                 

                collect will be hard to grow.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Plantation

                 

                We dig the hole nearly 70cm - 100cm in

                 

                diameter and 50cm - 75cm in depth. We

                 

                dig up soil of area more than the size

                 

                of the young plant. It is intended to

                 

                plow the soil for the purpose of a root

                 

                growing in the future. After having dug

                 

                the hole, we coordinate it with the

                 

                measurement of the acidity and put

                 

                organic matter (humus or compost).

                 

                 

                This organic matter is intended to make

                 

                soil soft and fluffy, and to make

                 

                drainage better as manure more. If it is

                 

                a hole of 100cm in diameter and 75cm in

                 

                depth, the humus mixes 48 - 60ℓ.

                 

                 

                 

                When we plant a young plant, it prevents

                 

                a grafted tree part from being covered in

                 

                the soil and, also, when we put soil, we

                 

                are careful not to be hard very much by

                 

                stepping on our feet. In the case of a

                 

                stick seedling, a rich branch will grow

                 

                in the future when we cut it at a height

                 

                of 40cm from a grafted tree part.

                 

                And we fix a tree trunk with props for a

                 

                while. We do not have to worry that a

                 

                tree breaks by strong winds.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                And then we water well and add soil

                 

                if soil is dented.

                 

                 

                レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                 

                 

                I still support it with a prop.! 

                 

                 

                Even if a typhoon comes,

                 

                it becomes the reliable materials.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 How to fix forms of the tree

                 

                As many branches grow in May, we leave

                 

                three branches which is rich and growing

                 

                in a good direction, and other branch

                 

                cuts it off.( we cultivate it so that

                 

                three firm branches grow near the

                 

                ground.)

                 

                In the second-year March, about 1/3

                 

                length cuts off all branches.

                 

                And when a lot of branches are divided,

                 

                we cut it off to become by 2-3 in one

                 

                place.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                2017.11.25 Saturday

                紅葉を見学 京都嵐山 大河内山荘に行ってきた。

                0

                  JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                   

                   


                  紅葉を見学 京都嵐山 

                   

                    大河内山荘に行ってきた。


                   

                   

                  秋です。 紅葉です。

                   

                  「紅葉は、年1回見ないと」とのご要望に応

                   

                  え、嵐山へ行ってきました。 

                   

                   

                   

                  もう少し紅葉してると思いましたが・・

                   

                  でも、すごく美しかったです。

                   

                  天気も大変良く、気持ちよかったです。

                   

                   

                   

                  カエルさんからのご要望もあり、

                   

                  ご報告です。 バイバイ の画像

                   

                   

                  今日も、雑談です。

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  AM 9:30 嵐山に到着。

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  まぁまぁ、早めに現地に着けました。

                   

                  既に、沢山の観光客の方が来ていました!

                   

                   

                   

                  取り急ぎ、トロッコに向かってみました。

                   

                  「あわよくば、乗りたい・・・」と思いまし

                   

                  たが、やはり無理でした。

                   

                  次も、その次も既に完売。

                   

                  その次も、立ち席のみ・・・

                   

                  待てるはずもありません。 泣く の画像  

                   

                   

                   

                  という事で、大河内山荘へ直行!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  ゆっくり歩いた後は、お茶を頂きました。

                   

                  入場料は 1,000円なのですが、

                   

                  お茶とお菓子が付いています!

                   

                   

                  すごく気持ちが落ち着きます。

                   

                  天気の良さに、改めて感謝!!

                   

                   

                   

                  中のお庭です。

                   

                  お分かり頂けるでしょうか?

                   

                  緑色の地面は、芝生ではなく、苔です。

                   

                   

                   

                  別の場所でですが、竹ぼうきで丁寧に落葉等

                   

                  を取っていました。

                   

                  大変な労力のおかげで、この美しいお庭は

                   

                  出来ています。

                   

                   

                   

                  大河内山荘を出ると、そのすぐ前にある

                   

                  「竹林の小径」へ。

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  竹林の間の小径を抜けると、天龍寺へ。

                   

                   

                   

                  紅葉、「見頃」です!

                   

                   

                   

                  「愛の泉」がありました。

                   

                  そして、その「愛の泉」の護り主が、

                   

                  なんと「カエル」さんっ??

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  カエルさんの前に、丸い枠があります。

                   

                  皆さん、小銭を投げて入れてました。

                   

                  恐らくは、枠に入れば、成就する!!

                   

                   

                  かわいらしい、柿がなっていましたので、

                   

                  パチっ!

                   

                  綺麗な風景を数枚撮ってきました!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  その後、オルゴール館に寄ってきました。

                   

                  オルゴールを見るのかなぁ?

                   

                  と思っていました。

                   

                   

                   

                  ではなく、

                   

                  オルゴールを聞くことになりました。

                   

                  というより、オルゴール付きのからくり人形

                   

                  を見させて頂きました。

                   

                   

                   

                  オルゴールがこんなに綺麗な音色をしている

                   

                  とは思いませんでした。

                   

                  良かったら、見てみて下さい!

                   

                   

                   

                  からくり人形、驚くと思いますよ!!

                   

                  お店の人が、写真を撮っても良いという

                   

                  ので、少し・・・

                   

                   

                   

                  これらは、全て、からくり人形なのです。

                   

                  美しい音のオルゴールが鳴り響きながら、

                   

                  驚く程の動きを見せてくれるのです!!

                   

                  本当に、良かったら、是非!!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                   

                   

                   

                  ほんの少しでも、

                   

                  お役に立てた部分はあったでしょうか?

                   

                   


                  私の「なるほど!」をどんどんアップ

                   

                  していきたいと思います!

                   

                   

                   

                   


                  この文章最後の「コメントする

                   

                  (comments)」から、

                   

                  コメントなど頂けると嬉しい限りです!!

                   

                   

                   


                  にほんブログ村

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  お願いできそうであれば、

                   

                  ポンっとボタンを押して頂けると

                   

                  嬉しい限りです!

                   

                  日々の励みになります!!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  にほんブログ村 健康ブログ 自己流健康法へ
                  にほんブログ村

                   

                   

                   

                  PVアクセスランキング にほんブログ村

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  2017.09.17 Sunday

                  Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

                  0

                    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                     

                     


                     

                    Nursery tree of lemon

                     

                    The various kinds


                     

                     

                     

                    After I'll get a plant of lemon....

                     

                    Until a small fruit is being....

                     

                     

                     

                    While various blogs are being written....

                     

                    A plant of various lemons

                     

                    was being introduced.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    To have the so many kinds....

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    ■ Index

                     

                     1、Lisbon Lemon

                     

                     2、Happy Lemon

                     

                     3、Beer Flanker Lemon

                     

                     4、Eureka Lemon

                     

                     5、Meyer Lemon

                     

                     6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                     

                     7、Jumbo Lemon

                     

                     8、Sweet Lemon

                     

                     9、Princess Lemon

                     

                    10、Pinklemonade

                     

                    11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                     

                    12、Chinese Little Lemon

                     

                    13、Rinoka Lemon

                     

                    14、Ponteroza Lemon

                     

                    15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                     

                    16、Flower Yuzu

                     

                    17、Sudachi

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     Link to how to bring up lemon!!

                     

                    The record as which lemon is being trained actually was gathered with an occasional picture.

                     

                    "Is this the one done how?" but when having that,

                     

                    when I can receive at a glance,

                     

                    it's lucky!   

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    1、Lisbon Lemon

                     

                    My lemon is also Lisbon lemon.     大笑い

                     

                     

                    One of the main force kinds. Hard, tree vigor is recommended to a beginner by the fruitful kind, too.

                     

                     

                    To develop in the verticality direction, a branch tends to be a big tree.

                     

                    There is cold resistance compared with Eureka, so the occasion raising outdoors do is this kind.

                     

                    I'm rich in fruit juice, am strong in the sour taste and have the refreshing scent.

                     

                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                     

                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                     

                     

                    The last tree height : 2m〜3m

                    A harvest        : October-March

                    Cultivation suitable land : Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                     

                     

                     

                    3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    2、楽天 Optimistic about 1 winning a prize!   Happy lemon

                     

                    How to bring up, it also seems to be with a tour guide!

                     

                    Or, the report state depends on a season of an order.

                     

                    Is there a fruit of yellow lemon at the time of an order of the autumn-winter?

                     

                     

                    A kind ;  Ground lemon

                     

                     

                    When I become mature roundly actually by a cross of orange and lemon, I'm strong in orange.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    3rd grader, a plant of 4309 yen (including tax)


                    【幸せレモンの木】レモンの木 果樹苗 庭木 鉢苗 植木 苗木 苗 シンボルツリー 常緑 常緑樹 実のなる木 観葉植物 国産 ギフト ガーデニング【3年生苗/接ぎ木苗】【楽ギフ_包装】【楽ギフ_メッセ】【楽ギフ_メッセ入力】【新築祝/記念樹/庭植え】

                     

                     

                     

                    3、Beer Franker Lemon

                     

                    That almost prickle has big no characteristic.

                     

                    The flaw by the prickle is difficult to put on the fruit, and it's easy to work.

                     

                    That a strong prickle goes out while it's a sapling.

                     

                    The varietal characteristics of a fruit is near Eureka, the way where the cold resistance is weak.

                     

                    It's easy to bring up and it's the kind on which a fruit is often put.

                     

                    An abnormal fallen leaves in the late fall which you can watch carefully with other citrus fruits is a little kind.

                     

                    Eureka is setup and a branch has the aptitude spread in the side, while a branch of a beer flanker has the aptitude which becomes easy to develop in the verticalness direction. 

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    4、Eureka Lemon

                     

                    By one of the main force kinds, for beginners.

                     

                    The tree vigor is rather weak.

                     

                    There are few prickles relatively by the wing expanse.

                     

                    It's popular as a home fruiter by a delicacy and a perfume and of high quality.

                     

                    It's estimated, but the cold resistance is rather weak little compared with Lisbon.

                     

                    Well, the seed is rather little by 110-about 130 grams.

                     

                    The kind heat resistance tends to bring up relatively highly.

                     

                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                     

                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                     

                     

                     

                    The last tree height: 2-3m

                     

                    A harvest: 10-March

                     

                    Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Okinawa-ken

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    レモン 苗木 ユーレカレモン 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/11時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    5、Meyer Lemon

                     

                    It's mandarin and lemon whether the Meyer Lemon is orange.

                     

                    When a fruit takes on the roundness and is matured by the crossing kind which is so.

                     

                    A skin becomes orange.

                     

                    The sour taste is less than the general kind, and is it Judo?

                     

                    A juicy fruit is lemon of the feature by the flavor.

                     

                    The kind cold resistance and heat resistance tend to bring up relatively highly.

                     

                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                     

                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    The last tree height: 2m-3m

                     

                    A harvest: October-March

                     

                    Cultivation suitable land: Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    レモン 苗木 マイヤー 四季成 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/24時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A second year plant of 2138 yen (including tax)


                    ◆予約販売(11月中旬〜下旬発送)◆ レモン 苗木 【ラフマイヤー】 2年生 接ぎ木 ポット苗 レモンの木 苗 常緑 果樹 柑橘 香酸柑橘 柑橘苗木 果樹苗木
                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                     

                    The kind a prickle is short relatively and by which harvesting is possible from Wakagi.

                     

                    It's rich in fruit juice and good for quality of fruit.

                     

                    The cold resistance is low compared with Lisbon, but growth of four seasons is strong.

                     

                    It's realized in 1.

                     

                    It's strongest to the cold in the lemon, and I come by raising outdoors at the sunny place where I don't get a

                     

                    north wind in a warm place and the Pacific Ocean side.

                     

                     

                     

                    The last tree height: About 2 m

                     

                    A harvest: October-March

                     

                    Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Chugoku Shikoku and Kyushu

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    7、Jumbo Lemon

                     

                    A huge fruit, impact, much!

                     

                    The sour taste milder than usual lemon.

                     

                    The kind which tends to be realized.

                     

                     

                     

                    2139 yen (including tax)


                    ジャンボレモンの苗 巨大な果実はインパクトたっぷり!通常のレモンよりもマイルドな酸味♪結実しやすい品種ですジャンボレモンの苗
                     

                     

                     

                     

                    8、Sweet Lemon

                     

                    Isn't it sour! Strange lemon.

                     

                    The sweet lemon by which Iran is origin.

                     

                    It isn't acidic and is lemon with the faint sweetness.

                     

                    It's called "rimu Sea lean (sweet lemon)" by Iran and eaten as a fruit necessary to a winter from the height of its nutritive value.

                     

                    That besides abundance of the vitamin C also is unique and is called "king in the citrus fruits" at the inside!

                     

                    Or, a flower is also fragrant and even if it's for appreciation, it's said that they can enjoy themselves.

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    レモンの木 スイートレモン 1年生 接ぎ木 苗 果樹苗 柑橘
                    価格:2268円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/28時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    9、Princess Lemon

                     

                    "Rare species" plant of princess lemon.

                     

                    Do you think that it's orange! But it's sour!

                     

                    Lemon of perpetual private result.

                     

                    Even a potted plant is the kind Makoto Sawayama will be. It's also called "red lemon".

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    ■良品果樹苗■姫レモン3号ポット苗
                    価格:898円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    10、Pink Lemonade

                     

                    The colorful lemon which is very uncommon to pink lemonade and has high enjoyment value.

                     

                    Variegation is very clean.

                     

                    How to enter the speckle of the leaf is excellent in particular.

                     

                    When one around a bud blooms by light pink, a flower becomes white, and I have a superficial scent.

                     

                    While while being young actually, green stripes enter, and ripening, stripes will be going off and be yellow lemon.

                     

                    A seed tends to use fruits in a dish little by beautiful pink, and you add a new color scheme.

                     

                    When it's colored perfectly, the variegated design goes off, so rather early profit is recommended.

                     

                    I'm sensitive to the cold, so I pay attention!

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    レモン 苗木 ピンクレモネード 15cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:4212円(税込、送料別) (2018/2/3時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                     

                    The lemon popular by the refreshing sour taste.

                     

                    This seed is the lemon I don't do market circulation of so much.

                     

                    A skin is also called an another name "green lemon", and is the lemon harvested inside the putting green.

                     

                    The mild sour taste is the taste which becomes a habit.

                     

                    It's good to slice and put it in tea!

                     

                    I pollinate myself, so a fruit will be in one.

                     

                     

                     

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    【花芽付き】サイパンレモン 苗木 6号 r(c19)
                    価格:4104円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    12、Chinese Little Lemon

                     

                    It's named lemon, but it's the tachibana of four seasons grown at Southeast Asia.

                     

                    You can thrust at a fruit with the hybrid of the tangerine orange and the kumquat throughout the year.

                     

                    It's akin to SHIKWASA which grows naturally in Okinawa, but NOBIRECHIN isn't included in fruit juice.

                     

                    There is also "about 6 times more than SHIKWASA of rutin" for the content of "citric acid".

                     

                    Well, it's fragrant and the sour taste is strong and it's possible to eat just as it is.

                     

                    Cold resistance is strong in the lemon, and it's also the feature that I'd like one with a fruit.

                     

                    I'm strong in the becoming nature of four seasons, from autumn to early summer, the golden age of profit.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    1st grader, a plant of 3456 yen (including tax)


                    チャイナリトルレモン《果樹苗》「☆」

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    13、Linoka Lemon

                     

                    Various improvement is added and is a new breed of the lemon on which I appeared in 2015 by the crossing kind of Lisbon lemon and sunny place summer.

                     

                    A fruit is in about 200 grams, too bigger than usual lemon, the sour taste is controlled and is the mellow food taste, and a seed islittle, and even a hand can also peel skin soft.

                     

                    Even one tree is born much, the harvest time is for about 1 month and a half also earlier than usual lemon.

                     

                    A prickle is easy to handle little.

                     

                    That the biggest feature is strong in "ulcer disease".

                     

                     

                     

                    1st grader, a plant of 3218 yen (including tax)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    14、Ponteroza Lemon

                     

                    The marvelous huge lemon first appearance!

                     

                    The quadruple size of the usual lemon! 300-about 400 g and sour taste are smooth, and the size is mild.

                     

                    Much fruit juice comes and comes in handy in juice and liqueur because it's big.

                     

                    A harvest time for warm place cultivation is from the beginning of October.

                     

                    It'll be in one.

                     

                    It's easy to make, and born so much.

                     

                    There are rather much prickles little, but it can be said that growing is dynamic.

                     

                    A fruit is the big actual lemon across which I come at a fruit department rather big.

                     

                    It's rather thick-skinned little.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    I graft 1st grader Pot plant ¥1,814- (including tax).

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                     

                    A fruit is big and is the fragrant kind in the citron.

                     

                    It's young that the long prickle can be made the branch which develops hard, and the feature.

                     

                    It's strongest to the cold in the citrus fruits,

                     

                    and when it's exposed to strong bise, I shed leaves, but when the temperature becomes high, it normally grows.

                     

                    It's strong in a disease carrier compared with other citrus fruits and without agricultural chemicals, the tree species I tend to grow.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    3240 yen (including tax)

                    [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                    本柚子(ホンユズ) 6号r
                    価格:3240円(税込、送料別) (2017/12/3時点)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    16、Flower Yuzu

                     

                    My citron, flower Yuzu (one year old Yuzu).   

                     

                     

                    It's the feature the Flower Yuzu is a little short compared with Yuzu, and that it's good with a fruit.

                     

                    A flower can use the fragrance of the white pretty citrus fruits for a dish actually.

                     

                    When a citrus fruiter is planted in a garden, it's said that a generation after generation (orange) person shines out.

                     

                    The Flower Yuzu are richer in fruit juice than Yuzu, and smells slightly.

                     

                    It's ideal to put it in distilled spirits!

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen (including tax)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    17、Sudachi

                     

                    Good luck, brought origin tree.

                     

                    The lucky citrus fruiter to which you say "A generation after generation (orange) person shines out." when it's planted in a garden.

                     

                    The flower is beautiful by an evergreen and there is a perfume.

                     

                    When one family has that, it comes in handy in a dish.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    4th grader, a plant of 4536 yen (including tax)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    I can also exert myself、

                     

                     

                    if you push this banner!! 

                     

                     

                    ( my dog, namely KORO )

                     

                     

                     

                    Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

                     

                     

                    顔だよ。困る

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    2017.09.03 Sunday

                    Part 4-1

                    0

                      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      АLonghorn beetle

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 What is Longhorn Beetle?

                       

                      Adults appear in May - September. Bite the bark, mainly pierce the main trunk below 60 cm above the ground to lay eggs. The larvae eat the inside of the trees, and since it puts out wood chips and feces from the hole of the tree, it can be said that it is easy to discover. Larvae take 2 years to adult. Larvae become pupae in trees.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Damage to the longhorn beetle

                       

                      Larvae (commonly known as Teppoumushi) keeps eating under the bark in trees. As a result, trunks and branches become hollows, they may break or die. Adults harm the soft bark of a new treetop, which may cause branches to die. Damage to young trees is great, and many trees besides citrus are harmed.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Removal method 

                       

                      If you find an adult, you kill it. Also, if a branch or trunk has a round scratch, crush the egg because the possibility of the egg laying part is high. If a hole opens in a branch or a trunk, and the wood chips etc. are squirting, there is a possibility that there are larvae, so we insert a wire etc. and kill it.

                       

                       

                       

                      When using medicine, spray EMP emulsion and benica water-soluble material etc. from the middle of June to the middle of July when spawning begins. Scatter to the main trunk within 70 cm from the ground. In addition, wrapping palm fibers or newspapers around the trunk of 30 to 40 cm from the ground, it is also effective to prevent adult egg laying.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      ─Thrips

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 What is Thrips

                       

                      Even adults are small and 1-2 millimeters tall. Thrips repeats occurrence around 10 times a year. Larvae and adults suck juice of new buds, new leaves, flowers and fruit. Thrips occur frequently during high temperature and dryness in summer. So many thrips are born in a short period of time. Thrips prefers to inflict soft parts of plants.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Damage to thrips

                       

                      Thrips enter the flower and suck the juice. Buds are also targeted. As a result, the flowers do not flower, they become brown and wither. Moreover, the color may come out white. Leaves do not spread when thrips parasitize on sprouts. Fruits may have small spots on the skin. It may be like a scab. Be careful about virus mediation. At first glance, it is similar to the damage of spider mite, so to distinguish it we will check the insect.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Removal method

                       

                      In the visible phase, the medicine will show its effect, but if it gets into the flowers etc, the effect will be small. Pick up thrips and dispose of it. Thrips suck the juice mainly on the back of the leaves, so spray the medicine on the back of the leaves. You can also capture thrips by gluing a blue adhesive tape around the tree. You can prevent intrusion of thrips by sticking light reflection film etc around the tree.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      6、Disease of the lemon

                       

                       

                       

                       Melanose

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Symptom

                       

                      I see it in the period when it rains around June to September. Even in the high temperature period around August and the temperature falling after November, the spreading speed is slow. Bacteria of Melanose that live in the soil bounce back with rain and water and get stuck to the leaves on the bottom to infect them. It is also called early blight or black stars disease. When rain continues, Symptom frequently occurs. As the number of leaves decreases, the force of tree growth is weaken and flowers bloom less easily. It can be said that any fruit tree catch this disease. It is a disease that is particularly prone to young branches and leaves.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Workaround

                       

                      Immediately remove the diseased leaves, and also remove the falling leaves. I will wipe the medicine about every 3 days, about 3 to 4 times.

                       

                       

                       

                      If all the leaves have fallen without correcting Melanose, organize the withered, thin, small branches and cut lightly the branches. It is effective to remove sick leaves that fell to the ground and give a lot of potash fertilizer. 

                       

                       

                       

                      If sprout comes out after removing sick leaves, preventive medicine is sprayed to prevent recurrence. In the case of potted plants it is also effective to evacuate to a place not exposed to rain. It is also good to sterilize the ground surface. 

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Points to watch out for

                       

                       

                      a Clean the dead leaves and branches so that they do not fall on the root of the tree. 

                       

                       

                       Water the roots of the trees so that branches and leaves do not get wet.

                       

                       

                       Make sure that the tree does not hit the rain.

                       

                       

                       To prevent water from bouncing, lay multiple sheets etc.

                       

                       

                       If it finds out the occurrence, remove it, sprinkle the medicine to prevent spreading.

                       

                       

                       Do not make fertilizer run out.

                       

                       

                       Do not apply more nitrogen fertilizer at one time.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 An effective fungicide

                       

                       Aerosol                         ; Ortran C, Benica DX etc.

                       

                       Spraying agent           ; Benica X Spray etc.

                       

                       Before it occurs          ; Daconille 1000 etc.

                       

                       Early stage of onset  ; Supple emulsion etc.        

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Symptom

                       

                      Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri prefers low temperature and it infects by rain and wind. It is a disease that occurs against a wide range of things, such as fruits, flowers and branches. Sometimes lesion spots are formed on the spring leaves, the center becoming cork and becoming rough. The surroundings are accompanied by a yellow blur. Especially, if a branch has a wound, it infects from there. On the branches of summer and autumn, Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri frequently occurs on the edible traces of Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Workaround

                       

                      This disease is a bacterial disease, and in order to prevent it, make sure that the plant does not get exposed to strong rain and wind, while allowing the wind to pass well. In the winter, we will cut away the dead branches and dispose of them. Drugs are not very effective, but the next drugs are sprayed once each before the onset of disease, just before flowering, immediately after flowering, during rainy season, when the typhoon is coming, spray it before it comes.

                       

                       

                       

                      <Applicable drug>

                       

                      Bordeaux solution

                      Copper wettable powder + carbonate lime

                      Streptomycin agent etc.

                       

                       

                       

                       


                       Elsinoë fawcettii

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Symptom
                       

                      Elsinoë is common in violets and citrus fruits. Initially, a scab scar is formed on the leaves, stems and young branches, and many small white and brown round spots appear. As the spot gradually becomes 2 to 3 mm, the middle becomes scab-like in shape. When the disease progresses, in the case of leaves the spot will break and the hole will open, in the case of the branches it will deform and twist and shrink.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Workaround

                       

                      Pathogens are a type of filamentous fungus (mold). The scab which can be in the lesion part is the source of the spores. It will pass winter as it is. The temperature is around 22 to 24 ° C, and it is likely to occur if the ventilation is bad. Because it spreads out by rain, we prevent it by vinyl etc. to prevent leaves etc from hitting the rain. In addition, it removes branches and leaves with lesions that are a source of infection, also collects fallen leaves and incinerates it.

                       

                       

                       

                      Mid to late April (germination period), late May (period when the flowers fall), and middle to late June. This three times, spray the following medicines.

                       

                       

                       

                      <Applicable drug>

                       

                      Dithianon wettable powder

                      Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                      Benomyl wettable powder, etc.

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      ぁGray mold

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Symptom

                       

                      At the beginning, light brown spots like water seems to be formed. After that, spots will grow sharply and rot. As symptoms develop, gray and gray green molds will appear to cover lesions when wet. Gray mold crosses the winter on its plants with mycelium status. At around 20 degrees Celsius, it generates spores at times of heavy rain. Spores are scattered by the wind.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Workaround

                       

                      Because it occurs frequently in a humid environment, pruning is carried out as appropriate so that it does not become overgrown. Pay attention to ventilation. Apply to sunshine enough for potted plants. It is also effective to store the harvested fruit immediately after placing it in a well-ventilated place for 3-4 days without storing it immediately. The diseased part will be removed as soon as it is found, and if the damage is severe its all stump will be incinerated.

                       

                       

                       

                      If you spread the following medicine before harvest you can prevent the onset.

                       

                       

                      <Applicable drug>

                       

                      Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                      Benomyl wettable powder

                      Guazatine liquid medicine etc.

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      ァCercospora leaf mold

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Symptom

                       

                      Like the soot is covered, the leaves, trunks and branch surfaces become black and dirty. The soot will gradually spread and the coating will cover the entire surface. Breathability and sunshine are poor, prefer a humid environment, Cercospora leaf mold occurs. There is something that happens parasitically on the excretion of sucking pests. And there is something that ingest nutrients directly from plants.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Workaround

                       

                      It is best not to leave insect pests (such as Coccoidea and aphids) that cause bacteria. Frequent pruning is important because it is likely to occur when breathability or sunshine is bad.

                       

                       

                       

                      <Applicable drug>

                       

                      Sumithion emulsion

                      Ortran wettable powder

                      Actilic emulsion etc.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Painted Polymita eats it

                       

                       

                       

                      "Painted Polymita(Kodama Maimai)" which is said to be the world's most beautiful snail eats "Cercospora leaf mold". However, it is difficult to continue to give "Cercospora leaf mold" as a food. In addition, it appeared in Annex I in the Washington Treaty of 2016, it became difficult to import, it seems to be difficult to use as a beneficial insect.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                       

                       

                       A leaf is yellow

                       

                      The leaves slowly turn yellow, and then it falls down, there are cases of leaf lifetime. However, there seems to be a possibility that the roots are damaged.

                       

                       

                       

                      < Cause yellow leaves >

                       

                      ・ Leaf lifetime

                      ・ Root rot

                      ・ Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen shortage)

                      ・ Water shortage

                      ・ Sunlight is strong

                      ・ The temperature is low

                      ・ Spider mite smoked leaf juice, etc.

                       

                       

                      We must take measures against each factor. However, once a leaf turns yellow, even if you take measures, there is nothing to return to green again. If you want to return to green, leave a few leaves at the tip and remove other yellow leaves. The young trees of lemon grow branches and leaves well (tree is strong). Sprouts come out relatively soon and only become green leaves.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Roots are damaged

                       


                       

                      Leaves gradually turn yellow and eventually fall. If the number is small, it is the life span of the leaves, but if there are many, the root may be damaged.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 The temperature is low

                       


                       

                      It gradually withers from the tip and becomes crisp. If it falls below minus 3 ℃ it will be more likely to occur.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen deficiency)

                       

                       

                       

                      The green gradually becomes thin, and when it is terrible it turns yellow as a whole. The cause may have a reason other than just a single element such as nitrogen is missing.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Manganese deficiency etc.

                       

                       

                       

                      The veins of a leave will yellow. If the condition is bad it will cause abnormal fallen leaves. There is a possibility that the alkalinity of the soil is high.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      ◆Leaves are partly yellow

                       

                        * Five elements of fertilizer

                       

                       

                       

                      1、Nitrogen (It becomes the basis of the protein necessary for the new organization to grow)

                       

                       

                      Nitrogen is mainly effective for growing plants. Especially it makes leaves bigger, it is said to be fertilizer for leaves (HAGOE). If it is too much, it will become spindly growth and weak and will be more vulnerable to pests. Growth will be worse if it is not enough. The green becomes thin (it decomposes leaves' proteins and reuses them), the leaves become pale yellow. (It will turn yellow from the lower leaves close to the ground) 

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Nitrogen is easy to starve so be careful!

                       

                       

                      a. Nitrogen becomes nitrate nitrogen due to the action of microorganisms in the soil,

                            and it flows away with rain.

                       

                       

                       

                      b. When cow manure compost containing sawdust was applied, when the amount of cow dung

                            is small relative to the amount of sawdust, microorganisms ingest nitrogen as food.

                       

                       

                      As mentioned above, even if 3 elements are applied, nitrogen may be deficient, so be careful.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      2、phosphoric acid

                       

                       

                      Phosphoric acid mainly relates to flowering and fruiting. It is said to be flower fertilizer (HANAGOE) or fruit fertilizer (MIGOE). Too much phosphoric acid will deplete iron, magnesium and zinc. On the other hand, less phosphoric acid causes delayed flowering and fruiting due to poor growth, and fruit quality and yield decrease. Phosphoric acid excess promotes potassium deficiency and induces iron deficiency.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      3、Potassium

                       

                       

                      It is said to be root fertilizer (NEGOE) as it mainly relates to root development and adjustment of osmotic pressure within the cell. Because it is easy to flow because of its water solubility, it is effective if you gradually apply it. When the potassium is insufficient, dead leaves and fallen leaves are seen early (it turns yellow from the edge of the leaf and its surroundings), it becomes more susceptible to disease. In addition, the growth of the roots becomes worse, it becomes easy to cause root rot.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      4、Calcium (lime)

                       

                      Calcium mainly works to strengthen the cell wall and strengthen disease resistance of crops. Since the soil of the field gradually tends to be gradually acidic, be sure to mix it according to the acidity (pH) of the soil before planting. If you can keep the soil in a state close to neutrality, the roots are good and you can increase the beneficial bacteria of soil microorganisms. Calcium deficiency seems to occur easily due to excessive nitrogen or lack of water.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      5、Magnesium

                       

                      It is a substance indispensable for the formation of chlorophyll which synthesizes carbohydrates. If it is insufficient, the generation of chlorophyll decreases and the photosynthesis works worse. It also serves as an active agent for important enzymes in the body. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency are characterized by chlorosis (leaving whitening due to loss of chlorophyll) between leaf veins. In other words, the pulse of the leaf is still green, but the space between the pulse of the leaf and the pulse becomes yellow and it looks like a pattern of a tiger. For magnesium deficiency symptoms, it seems effective to spray magnesium on the leaf face.

                       

                       

                       

                      Leaves may become yellow due to excess or deficiency of nutrients.

                       

                      Please refer to the above.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Especially in my lemon trees, yellowing stopped by applying magnesium(dolomitic lime).

                       

                      I think that it is important to look at the state of the leaves and seek the cause.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer

                       

                       

                      👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                       Flowers fall (flowers do not bloom)

                       

                      ぁThe fruit drops

                       

                       

                      The following problems are considered as causes of and .

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Saplings are too young.

                       

                       

                       「"It takes a long time for fruit for the first time"

                       

                       Please refer to this blog post. 

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 There is a problem with daily management.

                       

                         ・ Lack of sunshine

                       

                        ・ Cold protection measures

                       

                        ・ Water shortage / root rot

                       

                        ・ Excess or shortage of fertilizer

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

                       

                        「It takes a long time for fruit for the first time」

                       

                        「Pruning lemon」         See the article.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉  A biennial bearing.

                       

                        Including explanation of Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 I pruned too much.

                       

                       

                       

                      The reason why flowers and fruits fall are various as described above. In order to respond to it, I would like to observe the condition of lemon trees sufficiently and also to understand what kind of way of raising now. For example, I'd like to confirm "how much did you harvest last year," "When and how much fertilization was done," "how did you prune branches?" etc.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      I think that it is difficult to accurately determine the cause, but I would like to respond appropriately by observing and verifying every day. I am planning to record the state of the monthly every month. How many years passed after purchasing seedlings? What is the condition of the lemon tree at that time?

                      You can observe from various perspectives.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      I hope for your reference.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      8、Monthly work, monthly record

                       

                       

                      I try to keep monthly growth record.

                      I would like to mention here about the work to be done monthly by month.

                       

                      It is written in Japanese, but if you do not mind, please read it.

                       

                       

                      "From here" can come in.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Thank you very much for reading

                       

                      through to the end.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Based on this blog "How to grow lemon"

                       

                      I would like to continue

                       

                      verification of lemon cultivation.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      I hope to update this blog every time

                       

                      I can check the results.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      If you refer to this blog on occasion,

                       

                      I am very pleased.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Thank you very much. 

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      korolemon

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      2017.07.16 Sunday

                      トヨタ ノアハイブリッドGを買ってみた。 ナビはアルパイン ビッグX9型を載せてみた。

                      0

                        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                         

                         


                        トヨタ ノアハイブリッドGを買ってみた。

                         

                        ナビはアルパイン ビッグX9型を載せてみた。


                         

                         

                        車検目前、13年落ち。

                        タイヤも4本入れ替え要・・・

                         

                        車を買い替える事にしました。 ネコ ゴロゴロ の画像

                         

                         

                        前の車もノア。

                        今度の車もノア。

                         

                        ノア好き・・・という訳ではないのですが。

                        大人6名が乗る機会がある当家。

                         

                        ノアか、セレナか、ステップワゴンか。

                        という選択肢となっていき・・・

                        後は、個人的な好き嫌いでしょうか。 目玉 の画像

                         

                         

                         

                        色々と事前に確認したい事もあり、ネット等で調べてみるのですが、「G」ではなく「Si」の記事が大半でした。探しても探しても「Si」。外観以外はそんなに変わらないと思えば良いのかもしれませんが、「G」を購入しようかと考えている人からすれば、やはり「G」の記事を読みたい、見たいのです。

                         

                         

                        という事で、「G」の記事(というか写真)をまとめたものをアップする事にしてみました。

                        ご参考になれば幸いです。 お星さま の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        当家は、外観より、居住性重視でした。

                         

                        という事で「Si」ではなく「G」なのです。

                         

                        が、今回の「G」、格好いい!!

                         

                         

                        カスタマイズカーかと思う程です。 笑っ の画像

                         

                        以前までの真ん丸おめめという感じから、きりっと吊り上がったおめめになった感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                        正面から見た感じです。

                         

                        13年前のノアと比べてみました。

                         

                        お顔がきりっとした感じがしませんか? 目玉 の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        側面、後面は、こんな感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        一番、私にとって気になった所・・・

                         

                        真後ろから見た時、

                         

                        おにぎり型から、正方形に変わった所。

                         

                         

                        以前のノア以上に広く感じさせる居住空間を作り上げていると思いました。

                         

                        2列目をぐっと後ろまで下げられるようになった所とか( ^ω^)・・・

                         

                        以前のノアでは、(下げるレールもない事は言うまでもありませんが)2列目を後ろに下げようにも、跳ねあげた3列目のシートにぶつかって下げられなかったと思います。

                         

                         

                         

                        ちなみに今度のノア。

                         

                        スマートキーになりましたので、ボタン1つでロックがかかるようになりました。

                         

                        運転席からだけではなく、助手席からも、そして、バックドアからも開け閉めが出来ます。

                         

                        運転席からだけかと思っていました。 ^^;

                         

                         

                         

                        先ほどの、「お顔がきりっとした」という部分に戻ります。

                         

                        シンボルマーク下の横のラインですが、

                         

                        全部、「銀色」かと思っていました。

                         

                         

                        実際は、ボディカラーと同じで、その上側に「銀色」の細いラインが入っていました。

                         

                        これは個人的な趣味の世界なのかもしれませんが・・・

                         

                        格好いい・・・ 

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ヘッドランプ・フォグランプは、こんな感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                        夜、点灯すると、こんな感じになります。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ハザードランプは、こんな感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        タイヤは、こんな感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        そして、外側最後になりますが・・・

                         

                        センサー部分は、こんな感じです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        次に、内側にいってみます!

                         

                         

                        サンバイザーとミラーとライト。

                         

                         

                        ライトは天井についています。

                         

                        ミラーの扉を開ければ、電気がつきます。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        パワーウィンドウ。

                         

                         

                        右上のボタンが平行の時は、ロックをかけると、ドアミラーが自動的に閉じます。

                         

                        このボタンの下側を押し込むと、ドアミラーを手動で閉じる事ができます!

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        今回当家の車に初めてついたボタンがあります。

                         

                        Toyota Safety Senseに関するボタンです。

                         

                         

                        プリクラッシュセーフティシステムは、仮にOFFにしても、ハイブリッドシステムを始動する度にONになるようです。しかし、レーンディパーチャーアラートは、ON/OFFを切り替えると、次回ハイブリッドシステムを始動したときにも、そのままの状態が続くのに注意がいりそうです。

                         

                        あと、オートマチックハイビームについてですが、「AUTO」に合わせるとオートマチックハイビームになるのかと思っていましたが、その後、レバーを前に押し、オートマチックハイビームボタンを押す等の作業をしないと発動しないようです。メーター部の表示が「AUTO」になっているかどうかの確認が必要です。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        次にインパネ部分です。

                         

                        電気で光っていますので、日中でも凄く見やすいです。

                         

                         

                         

                        全てのランプがついていたら一番分かりやすいのでしょうが、それは諦めました。

                         

                        動画で撮ってみました。

                         

                        ちなみに、「Power(スタート)」ボタンを押してから、エンジンがかかりきるのが遅いような感じがするかもしれませんが、実際には、インパネ中央の「READY(緑色)」ボタンがつけば発進出来ます。Powerボタンを押下後、結構直ぐにスタート出来ます!

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        次に、私が結構気に入っている1つ!

                         

                        ハンドルです。

                         

                        ちょっとした「もっこり」があって、これが指にかかり、運転しやすいのです!

                         

                        滑る感じが、ぐっと減りました!!

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        次に、スマホを置く場所の設置。

                         

                        コンソールボックスが一体型ではないからです。

                         

                        これはネットで買いました。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        左側が閉じている状態で、

                        右側が開けた状態です。

                         

                        素材はラバー状態で、滑りにくくなっています。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        そして、その下側に、

                         

                        運転席・助手席用ドリンクホルダー

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        で、その横にシートヒータースイッチがあって、

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        その更に下側に、

                         

                        USB端子とアクセサリーソケットがあります。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        この部分になりますと、夜、全く見えません。

                         

                        USB端子に何かを繋ぐにしても、

                         

                        ドリンクホルダーを取り出すのも、

                         

                        暗くて、見えにくいです!  夏だよ。子供だよ。汗だく の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        なので、シガーソケットにライトを設置してみました。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        右側がライトをつけた状態です。

                         

                        まだ少しましです。何とか見えます。

                         

                         

                        付けなければ、夜は・・・  

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        そして、次にナビです。

                         

                        アルパイン ビッグXを載せてみました。

                         

                        リアビジョンも付けてみました。

                         

                         

                        ビッグXは、その車種専用のオープニング画面があるので嬉しくなります。

                         

                        「おぉーーー。なんか、ノア!」って感じでしょうか?

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        最初、リアビジョンがどの辺りに付くのか分かりませんでした。

                         

                        真ん中辺りに「リアエアコン」まで付いているし・・・

                         

                        どの辺りに付けるのが、見やすいのでしょうか?

                         

                         

                         

                        付いた場所は、こちら!!

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        このサイズで十分見えます。

                         

                        首が痛くなる心配もないような気がします。 漢字だよ。笑 の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        次に、ディーラーさんの所へ行った時に言われた言葉。

                         

                        「運転席・助手席の後ろ側には荷物を置かない様に注意して下さい。

                         

                        ??

                         

                         

                         

                        そう言えば、コンソールボックス、ほとんど物が入らない。

                         

                        こんなに大きく見えるのに!! てst の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        眼鏡を1つ、2つ入れたら、終わり??

                         

                        こんなに高さもあるのに??

                         

                         

                         

                        答えは、後ろ側から見ると分かりやすかったです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        助手席下部には、駆動用電池冷却用の吸入口があるそうです。

                         

                        吸入口を塞ぐと、駆動用電池の過熱や出力低下の原因となるようです。

                         

                        つまり、この吸入口の前に荷物等を置いたらダメ!!

                         

                        この為、コンソールボックスの下側部分は使われており、上側の少しの部分しか収納ボックスとして利用できないのでしょう。

                         

                         

                         

                        次に、トランクルームです。

                         

                        ハイブリッド車で、スペアタイヤを積んだら、もう無い!と思っておいて良いかと・・・ ^^;

                         

                         

                         

                        < 前のノア >

                         

                         

                        < 今回のノア >

                         

                        右側にはバッテリーのような物が積まれており、

                         

                        ほんの少ししかスペースが残されておりません。

                         

                         

                        又、左側にはスペアタイヤが設置。

                         

                        以前はボディの下側に設置されていましたが、電気部品の設置の為、この場所での格納になったとか( ^ω^)・・・

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        見た通り、ほとんど荷物が入らない作りとなっていますのでご留意下さい。

                         

                        もっとも、この上(部屋内)には沢山物を積み込めますが。

                         

                        自転車2台は、軽く積めるところが凄いのですが。 アンパンマン 載せました の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        最後になりますが、やみに嬉しかった事。

                         

                        それは、シートベルトの位置です。

                         

                         

                         

                        以前は、シートの椅子部分に設置されており、使用しない時に「ぶらーーん」とたるんでいました。

                         

                        すごく汚い、だらしない!! 感じです。

                         

                         

                        それが、シートの肩の部分やボディの壁・天井からベルトが出てくるようになっています!

                         

                         

                         

                        < 2列目シート 肩から出てきます >

                         

                         

                        < 3列目シート ボディの壁から >

                         

                         

                         

                        とめる方の器具も、椅子の中に入るように設計されています。

                         

                        上に何かが出っ張っている、という感じは全くしません!

                         

                        清潔ですし、掃除もしやすそうです!!  

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        と、私が関心を持った部分について・・・

                         

                        事前にじっくり見る事が出来たらと思った事などを、

                         

                        ざっと記載してみました。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        何かのお役に立てたら幸いです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ほんの少しでも、

                         

                        面白いと思って頂ければ、

                         

                        下のバナー(コロ)を

                         

                        「ポチッ」と押して頂きますと、

                         

                        これからも、頑張れます!

                         

                         

                        宜しくお願いします。 おじぎ の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


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                        • レモンの成長 30.11 秋肥の施肥とイエローレモン そろそろ寒さにも要注意!
                          korolemon (11/18)
                        • レモンの成長 30.11 秋肥の施肥とイエローレモン そろそろ寒さにも要注意!
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