2018.01.22 Monday

How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.









     How to grow a lemon.


      While a beginner inspect


                 the cultivation method.





    〜 Introduction 〜




    Lemon flowers will fall.

    The attached fruits will fall.

    Leaves turn yellow and fall.



    Do I have to plow the soil?

    How about tailoring a lemon tree?

    How do I prune a lemon tree?

    How good is fertilizer?

    How can I protect it from pests and diseases?




    Various problems


    and various doubts.




    I actually tried it myself


    tried to see what happened.




    In what condition now,

    What did you do,

    What was the outcome?




    I would like to continue verification


    until a satisfactory result is obtained.








    ■ Index


    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon


      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.


    I went to Shimanami Kaido!




    2、The history of the lemon


    ・The first lemon


    ・A lemon came over to Japan.




    3、About how to grow a lemon.


      On the cultivation of the lemon.


    ・Area suitable for the cultivation

     of the lemon


    ・The tree bears fruit with one


    ・Time is necessary before it bears a

     fruit for the first time



    How to buy young plants, various kinds


    ・A stick seedling and large seedling


    ・When should we buy a seedling?


    ・How to choose good young plants



     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)


    ・How much is the quantity of




     a. requires a lot of manure


     b. organic quality compound fertilizer


       in about February


     c. almost same quantity


     d. method to sprinkle manure


    ・Careful about manure desperation


    ・The measurement of the acidity


    ・Effective microorganisms






    Do you plant a lemon in the garden?


      Or,is it a potted plant?


    ・Easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant



    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden


    ・Proper time for plantation


    ・Place to plant a seedling




    ・How to fix forms



    АHow to plant a lemon in pots


    ・Proper time for plantation


    ・A large seedling is suitable


     for a potted plant


    ・Various bowls


    ・Soil to use


    ・Plantation methods



    How to transplant a lemon into a bowl


    👉 Article of the transplantation


       that I tried.



     Care for flower, bud


      (I work on pollination)


    👉 About pollination


    👉 Care for flower and bud


    ・Physiological fruit drop (June drop)


    ・The article「Finally blooming flowers!」


    ・The article「I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.」



     Cutting of the lemon


    ・The article 「I tried cutting with lemon!」


    ・The article 「Cutting of lemon 54 days later... 」



     Grafted tree of the lemon


    👉 "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon


    ・ The article 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!」


    ・ The article 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!」



     The pruning of the lemon


    👉 Purpose of pruning


    👉 Pruning lemon Suitable period · · · February - March

      Reduce the spread of trees

     ◆Cut out unnecessary branches

      Cut the tip of a long branch


    👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

           and Pruning in summer


    👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator


    ・The article「I tried pruning!」


    ・The article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating

     「To improve the fruit of next year!」



     Cold measures


    👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden


    👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon


    ・The article 「the measures against cold!」



     Lemon cultivation and insects




    、Pest of the lemon




    Larva of the swallowtail butterfly


     Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)


    Bell moth




    ΑSpider Mite


    АLonghorn beetle






    、Disease of the lemon




    Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri


     Elsinoë fawcettii


    Gray mold


    Cercospora leaf mold


    👉 Painted Polymita eats it




    、Diagnosis due to the symptom


     A leaf is yellow


    👉 Leaf photos by type of disease



    The spots of the leaf is yellow


    👉 Five elements of fertilizer


       ・Phosphoric acid


       ・Calcium (lime)



    👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer.


    👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.



     A flower falls


      (a flower does not bloom)


    ぁA fruit falls



    👉 Saplings are too young.


    👉 There is a problem with daily management.


    👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.


    👉 Lemon could not pollinate.


    👉  A biennial bearing.


    👉 I pruned too much.




    Work according to the month










    Please push the blue sentence in Index


    and read the airtcle.









    I grow a lemon from now on.



    I want to update this blog each time.



    I am so glad if you read my article



    when you have some problems to grow.





    Thank you very much


    for reading this article today.














    Please push the lower banner


    ( my pet namely KORO )


    if you think that


    this article is even a little interesting.




    Then I can do my best from now on


    because a ranking of the blog may rise!




    I will be grateful for any help


    you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

























    2018.01.07 Sunday







































      実際に動くのは・・・  てst の画像












































































































































      ・LDK・洋室・廊下 フローリング張り替え





      ・TVモニター付ドアホン(新設) 等々








































      と思ってしまいました。 夏だよ。子供だよ。汗だく の画像
















































      玄関横の洋室 5帖。
























      リビング・ダイニングキッチン 10.5帖。





      リビング奥の和室 6帖。





      リビング奥の洋室 6帖












































      と思いきや!!  目玉 の画像

























      総動員しなければならないかも。 マメマメン ビックリ !! の画像









      植えられる事になるでしょう!! アンパンマン 載せました の画像

































      2018.01.03 Wednesday

      Part 3-2







        4、Pest of the lemon








        👉 What is a coccoidea?


        Coccoidea is the same classification as cicadas, aphids, stink bugs etc. The proliferation becomes popular in the spring warming May - July, and it gets dormant when the winter cold season comes. Coccoidea prefer dark and narrow environments where winds do not pass much and are dusty. So, when branches get crowded, cut the branches so that the wind passes well. Also, let the sun come into contact with the inside.




        The coccoideas are small insects about 2 - 10 mm in length, inserting their mouths into leaves and stems, sucking sap and growing. Moreover, it does not move almost after parasitic on plants.




        👉 If you leave the coccoideas・・


        There are direct damage and indirect damage. The direct damage is that the coccoideas attached to the trees impair the aesthetic appearance. And, the tree sap is sucked and has an adverse effect on the growth of the tree. When the number of parasitism is large, the way new treetops and new leaves get bad and sometimes wither.




        Indirect damage is that "soot disease" breeds on the excrement and the leaves turn black. In addition to deteriorating the aesthetic appearance, the photosynthesis which is important to plants is hindered and the growth becomes bad. In addition, it induces "Koyaku disease" that velvet-like objects seem to have adhered to the parasitic places of the branches.




        👉 Removal method


        ・When spraying lubricant emulsifiable concentrate etc. around January

           it is possible to suppress occurrence of coccoidea.



        During larvae, pesticides etc. are effective because they cover nothing. Since larvae hatched from eggs are weak against drugs, they can also be exterminated with Ortran wettable powder, actelic emulsion and so on. It seems difficult to judge when larvae have appeared. Even if the appearance of the coccoidea can not be seen, it seems that even if it is sprayed at the rate of about 2 to 3 times a month from May to July as a guide, it will be no longer around August.




        ・Rub it off with a toothbrush.


        The more adults become, the more nutrition and excrement accumulates, the shell covers the body. As shells are made, the medicine becomes less effective, so it seems that the method of rubbing and dropping is effective. I rub it off with a toothbrush. Coccoidea peeled off from the branch leaves its mouth in the branch, so it can not be fed afterwards and dies.





        ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly





        Perhaps it is the greatest enemy of lemon? The larvae have a strong appetite and eat leaves. If there are several larvae, they will eat most of the leaves of one branch in a short time. It goes without saying that a lot of leaves are necessary to raise lemon fruit. Also, if the number of leaves is small, the growth of trees is also hindered. It is good to remove it as soon as you find the larva. Special attention is required after adults have visited.




        As the larva grows the medicine becomes less effective. So it is basically to spray medicines early. If larvae of April - May and October are young, there will be little damage and seem to get rid of easily.




        If the lemon trees are big, even if the larva of the swallowtail butterfly is attached, it is eaten by the natural enemy, so it will not increase so much. So, it seems necessary to pay particular attention to the time of young trees.






         Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)





        👉 What is Ekakimushi (means Drawing insects) ?


        It is called alias "Ekakimushi" in order to leave a trace of food damage as if a larva of Leafminer or Agromyzidae drew a picture on a leaf. "Leafminer" attached to lemon is often "Citrus leafminer". And, when Citrus leafminer becomes a pupa, it folds the leaves and spends them.




        The damage of Citrus leafminer is often seen in the leaves of the shoots that occur after the summer. The leaves of the shoots that occur in the spring are hardly damaged. It seems to be because it is before the temperature rises.




        Citrus leafminer, as adults, will cross the winter at the back of the leaves or between the bark. The following reasons are cited as reasons for less damage on branches and leaves of spring. It seems that it is said that it is because the survival rate is low because it dies in cold during overwinter or because it is eaten by something.




        👉 Damage to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)


        By being eaten by Citrus leafminer, trees will never die. However, the shape of the leaves may be distorted, causing fallen leaves, poor growth. If you do not take care of it, damage will spread quickly. On the other hand, there is also a statement that "Most of the orange farmers do not exterminate the citrus leafminer, leaving them alone." This seems to be because there is little damage to the spring branch where the fruit is growing, and it is trying to stretch only the spring branch.




        👉 Removal method


        Because ekkimushi is inside the epidermal tissue of leaves, pesticides are hard to be effective. Because there are larvae at the tip of the traces of eating, we crush and kill that part with fingers, tweezers etc etc.





        <Cultivar control method>


        ◆Remove unnecessary summer and autumn branches.




        <Drug control method>


        ◆Control with mospiran water solvent or Admire flowable etc. every 2 weeks.


        ◆For young trees, distribute Akutara water solvent 25 times solution etc. to the main trunk.





        Besides this, it seems that there are such things as Calphos emulsion (isoxathione), Spinoose Flowable (Spinosad, wettable powder), Mospiran water solvent (Acetamiprid), Elsan emulsion (PAP) etc that are often used to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).







        ぁBell moth





        👉 What is Bell moth? (Hamakimushi)



        Hamakimushi is a larva of the bell moth. Representative bell moth are Homona magnanima, Adoxophyes orana etc. Roll the leaves with threads that they put out, live in it, and eat leaves and sprouts. Repeated occurrences 4-5 times a year, adults and larvae always occur between April and October.




        👉 Damage of Bell moth


        Bell moth rolls leaves, it eats leaves and sprouts together. Also, beauty is also impaired.




        👉 Removal method


        Crush the larvae in the rolled leaves and get rid of them. It is also effective to crush larvae wrapped in leaves during the inactive winter.



        When using medicine, periodically spray Sumithione emulsion, Oltrran solution / wettable powder, marathon emulsion etc. once or twice a month at the time of occurrence in April to October.











        👉 What is aphids?


        Aphids parasitic on new plant buds and new branches and leaves behind, and sucking nutrients in plants. There are so many kinds, there are more than 700 kinds. Aphids are representative pests parasitic on plants. Since aphids occur in large quantities and harm plants, the damage can not be ignored and the growth of plants becomes markedly worse.




        There is a period of breeding only by females, and when the spawning season comes, males appear, mate eggs and overwinter with eggs. Especially in the early spring, breeding is remarkable, it occurs extensively. In the breeding season, female adults directly bred several female larvae to several to tens of larvae a day. Moreover, since larvae become adults in a few days, even if there is only one, there will be a great many numbers in a few days.




        Because aphids are weak against heat, they are not seen much in the summer. In the beginning of the summer, aphids with wings are born and moved to another place. In autumn it will return and repeat breeding.




        👉 Damage by aphids


        Aphids suck and damage plants juice. As a result, new leaves do not spread sufficiently, growth of stems is compromised, and growth becomes worse. As representative damage, growth of new buds shrinks, leaves are rolling, etc. When the winged aphid that has inhaled the juice of the plant infected with the viral disease moves to the next healthy plant and sucks the juice, the virus invades and infects. In addition, "Cercospora leaf mold(soot disease)" breeds on aphids excrement, leaves may become black.




        👉 Removal method


        Although many medicines work against aphids, it is effective to use a penetrating agent that is long lasting because aphids are vigorous breeding. If you want to get rid of aphids and other pests, orthranes are effective. Also, especially when removing aphids, "the best guard" and "Mosppran granules" that are effective about 1 to 2 months are good. We also recommend a convenient insecticidal fungicide "BENICA X series" that can prevent and treat diseases at once. For vegetables just before harvest, we will control with Benika mild spray using food ingredients. Since aphids are prone to occur under conditions of high nitrogen content, fertilizer should be discreet. Also, in places with good ventilation, fecundity will become dull, so it is effective to improve the sunlight and ventilation.



        It is also effective to release the ladybug which is a natural enemy of aphids. Ladybugs prey on aphids, both adults and larvae.








        ΑSpider Mite (Mikanhadani)





        👉 What is Spider Mite (Mikanhadani)?


        Spider mites are friends of spiders and have eight legs. The body length is about 0.5 mm and it is difficult to see with the naked eye. Adults lay eggs several times on the back of leaves every day. Larvae hatched in 2 to 3 days will be adults in about 10 days, so they will occur in large quantities in a short period of time. Adult worms do not have wings, so the range of action is not wide, but there is a habit of going up to high places, sometimes being carried away by the wind and being carried far. Spider mite prefers high temperature dry environment, it seems to be a peak of occurrence from around the rainy season to around September.




        👉 Damage to spider mites


        Spider mite pierces the mouth into the leaves and sucks the juice, so the tissue of that part is broken and it turns white. As a result, color dropouts appear on the leaves like small white spots. When it occurs frequently, the whole leaves become white and discolored, leaf falls and withers because photosynthesis can not be done. In general, damage to garden tree / fruit is not big, but it will impair aesthetic looks.




        👉 Removal method


        Because spider mite is easy to resist against drugs, eradication seems to be difficult.





        <Do not use drugs>


        It's difficult to discover because the body is small, but frequently it will be removed with adhesive tape etc. and rinsed off with water before the number increases.




        <Use drugs>


        *Winter control 


        It can suppress the increase of spider mites until mid - June. If it is 95%, it will be 40 times, if it is 97% it will make machine oil emulsion which is 80 times and it will be sprayed from late November to January.




        *Control when frequent occurrence 


        Spider mites are frequent from rainy season to around September. If occurrence of indigenous natural enemies is seen, we will skip control at this time. Sprinkle acaricide. Encourage repeated spraying to prevent the development of drug resistance.




        Drug・・・Kanemite, colomite, daniemon, machine oil, etc.










        2018.01.01 Monday

        Part 3-1










           The pruning of the lemon



          👉 Purpose of pruning


          Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.


           Make the tree compact.

           Improve sunshine and ventilation,

            Reduce pest damage.

           Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.


          There are effects such as.



          Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that there is hardly anything to wither even if it fails a bit, so let's try hard and challenge!





          👉 Pruning lemon    Suitable period · · · February - March



          The suitable period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.





           Reduce the spread of trees.


          If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc. When tailoring the lemon tree to the shape of "Hensokushukankei", pruning will be done after the fourth year and the core will be stopped.




          When suppressing the height of a tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year. So it is important to cut branches at the bifurcation, so do not cut branches in the middle.




          Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches(leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.




          Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches. By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Also, it will be difficult for fruits to grow for several years. So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered by the 2 to 3 year plan.





          ◆Cut out unnecessary branches


          When "Reduce the spread of trees" is over, next time you cut off unnecessary branches. However, if too much branches are reduced, fruits will not be easy to produce in that year, and many long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year. Also, be careful as fruits may become difficult to produce after the following year. The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.




          At this time, it is necessary to cut branches that are not likely to have fruit preferentially in the pruned year. Branches where fruits were born in that year, and summer and autumn branches tend to have less fruit, so cut those branches preferentially. Branches that do not have traces of fruit within the spring branch will be left preferentially.




           Cut the tip of a long branch


          Choose only long branches (over 25 cm) out of the branches left after the processing of to above, and cut out about ⅓ of the tip. Cutting produces many branches of moderate length in the spring of the pruned year. The reason for cutting only long branches is that long branches longer than 25 cm use most of nutrition for branch growth, so flower buds do not attach much. Cutting produces a rich branch and fruits will be grown the following year.




          Conversely, if you cut too long the tip of a branch that has not grown long, the fruit will not be available in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds grow only near the tip of a branch. So be careful when cutting branches too long, a lot of flower buds will disappear.





          👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch


                 and Pruning in summer



          Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending in March and June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October. Fruit is attached to the spring branch in that year. Even branches that did not attach are useful because the following year they will bloom and fruits will be attached. Because summer branches are easy to grow long, only a few flowers / fruits will be formed even in the next spring. The autumn branches do not bloom almost as they grow more poorly than the summer branches. 




          Both the summer branch and autumn branch are unnecessary, so cut out from the base at the same time as it occurs as much as possible.


          (Pruning in summer)




          It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary. Please be aware that summer branches grow to more than 25 cm and cross sections of summer branches and autumn branches tend to be triangles.





          👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator



          When the above ~ work is finished, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision. It prevents branches from withering due to pruning, and also prevents intrusion of pathogenic bacteria. (You may paint while cutting) The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerator is applied, it gradually solidifies when it touches the air.




          If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive (bond etc). If it is difficult to apply to all the cuts, it is good to preferentially paint on the part where the diameter of the incision is 1 cm or more.


          *It is hard to take when a fusion accelerator adheres to clothing etc, so be careful not to touch it

           until it solidifies!





          I pruned in October.


          That article isI tried pruning!.




          An article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating is


          To improve the fruit of next year!」.





           Cold measures



          Lemon is weak against cold. Below minus 3 degrees, branches and leaves begin to wither, and it seems that sometimes it dies. Especially young trees less than 3rd grade are vulnerable to cold, so we will take sufficient cold measures.




          👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden



          A lemon in the garden, as trees grow big it will take time and effort to deal with cold. It is better to grow in an area that does not fall below minus 3 degrees or to grow with potted plants. However, if the lowest temperature of the place of residence is close to minus 3 degrees Celsius or if severe cold waves come only for that year, we will take measures against the cold.



          a.Mulch the surface of the soil with 'straw' etc.


          b.Wrap lemon trees with nonwoven fabric or the like.


          c.Tie nonwoven fabric and the like with a string and fix.


          d.If you are raising overwintering fruit, put a fruit bag on the fruit.




          By the way, I checked the lowest temperature in Osaka.


           November 2016     6.4℃
           December 2016     1.6℃
           January 2017    −0.8℃
           February 2017    −0.6℃
           March 2017     1.8℃



          However, there are some differences depending on the data.



          👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon



          Potted lemon can move, so let's move the place inside a sunny room. However, when putting it on the outdoor or veranda because it can not move indoors. And when the lowest temperature is likely to be -3 degrees, we will take measures against the cold as shown below.




          a.Put pots in a large pot two times larger than

                that pot and put the soil between the bowl

                and the bowl. This soil is for keeping warm

                so you can use garden soil etc. Make it into

                a double bowl state.



          b.As for the part of the tree, like a garden

                planting, wind it with a white nonwoven fabric.

                The cloth is white more easy to pass sunlight.

                After winding the nonwoven fabric etc.,

                ties it with a string and fix it.



          c.Even with this countermeasure, only 2 to 3

                degrees of heat retention effect can be expected.

                So, when the lowest temperature falls by more

                than 5 degrees from minus 3 degrees, it seems

                better to put potted plants inside.





          👉 The verification article on the measures against cold,here!!





           Lemon cultivation and insects



          The orchard that is cultivating lemon without using pesticide, has the following points as a point of success.



          a.Use of blurred fertilizer

          b.Give EM fungus

          c.Use of beneficial insects

          d.Light pruning and fertilizing




          If you do not use pesticides, they will be hit by pests or get sick. So, increase the number of good bacteria in the soil and leaves to reduce bad bacteria and reduce diseases etc. And we will use insects. It seems to be a way of having good insects eat bad insects (disinfect).




          Even 3 - soil / fertilizer (EM fungus) of blog, I will explain this part. We are also verifying the effectiveness of EM bacteria. However, regarding the use of beneficial insects, my lemon cultivation is not house cultivation, so even if I capture beneficial insects, it will escape, so there are also difficult parts of using beneficial insects. I will keep an eye on the beneficial insects that have gathered with nature and I want to see the effect. I will introduce "insects and living things" who visited our family at the category "insect and creature" of my blog.






          <A lot of profitable insects>



          ・ Ladybug



          Ladybugs eat aphids. Ladybugs seems to eat 5 aphids in a day. Besides, there is also description that ladybugs also eat a coccoidea. However, even if it is said to be a ladybug, it seems to be a variety of carnivorous ladybugs, herbivorous ladybugs, and fungistrophic ladybugs that eat fungi. Herbivorous Ladybugs seem to be positioned as insect pests on the contrary. Also, ladybugs are not only adults, larvae are also beneficial insects. The larvae also eat a coccoidea and others.





          ・ Mantis



          Mantis eats a variety of insect pests, such as larvae of swallowtail butterfly, bell moth, aphids, coccoidea and mites. The mantis is a lifetime of several months after becoming an adult, and also the range of action is not so wide since it is several meters even if it often flew. Even my garden has laid eggs and will appear every year, so it may appear even if you leave a mantis alone when it appears once. In China, more than 1.8 million mantises were released and experimented "Mantis farming method" ...





          ・ larvaes of green lacewing


            Prey on aphids.





          ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)


            Prey on aphids.





          ・ Spider   Eat anything.





          ・ Tree frog  Beneficiaries and pests are also eaten.





          ・ Pillbug 


            Eat anything on the soil. It eats everything and decomposes,

                so it seems that the state with many pillbugs is a good condition. 






          ・ Earwigs 

            Earwigs eat pests falling on the ground.





          It is hard to find and capture beneficial insects. Therefore, there seems to be a way to plant herbs attracting beneficial insects together. There seems to be various herbs favoring beneficial insects such as nastatium for ladybugs, dill for spiders and green lacewings, lemon balm and coriander for bees.







          2017.12.18 Monday

          Part 2-2








            АHow to plant a lemon in pots



            👉 Proper time for plantation



            Proper time to plant the young plant of


            the lemon is from the end of February to


            the end of March as same as a garden






            In the case of a potted plant, we can


            carry a bowl to the room without


            influence of the cold at cold winter




            Therefore you may plant it from September


            to October.




            👉 A large seedling is suitable


              for a potted plant



            A large seedling is suitable for a potted


            plant. This is because the large seedling


            can be grown as the bowl which it


            purchased, and the first fruition is


            earlier than a stick seedling.




            When we choose the large seedling, we


            should choose a young plant which is


            branching off equally from the plant


            foot treatment.


            Because the space where fruits grow


            increases and can finish it compactly.





            👉 Various bowls



            We are divided into a plastic bowl, an


            unglazed bowl, an earthenware bowl by


            the difference in materials. There is the


            light, strong resin bowl. You should


            better to buy a light plastic bowl and


            resin bowl, because you may carry it to


            the room at the winter cold time.


            As a matter of course, the weight of the


            young plant and soil will be added to


            weight of bowl itself.




            An oblong bowl has a sense of stability


            than a tall bowl. If there is a bowl that


            the diameter of the bowl top is same as


            a bowl bottom, it has a sense of


            stability more.





            The design is important, too. But,we will


            image height and width of the future


            young plant. I recommend that you choose


            the bowl which "is hard to fall down".




            👉 Soil to use



            A weed is easy to grow when we use the


            garden soil, and also, the drainage is


            not so good, too. The "soil for fruit


            tree" seems to be good if available.


            The acidity of this soil is ph5 .5-6.0,


            and you can just use it.


            When it is not available, you mix


            "the soil for vegetables" and Kanuma


            soil in the ratio of 7:3 and seem to


            use it.




            👉 Plantation methods



            As for the plantation method, please see


            the next article "transplanted a potted


            lemon". In addition, even in the case of


            a potted plant, we can suppress the


            growth of the tree. For example,


            we pull a branch aside. we suppress the


            growth by doing this way and can make


            with fruit better. At first we roll the


            edge of the bowl with a string.


            Then, we tie the string which I wrapped


            the edge in the branch which I want to


            pull aside with a string.







            ─How to transplant a lemon


               into a bowl



            In the case of a potted plant, the inside


            of the bowl becomes full of roots when we


            just leave it. So, it is usually


            necessary to transplant it at the pace


            once in 2-3 years. The old root comes to


            wither up to become hard to suck water


            well even if we do watering.




             A root comes out of the bottom


              of the bowl


            ◆Water did not readily soak into soil


              even if we did water



            While being careful about such states, we


            transplant it into a slightly big bowl. (


            1〜2号 larger ) By the way, we can


            measure the size (号) of the bowl when


            we divide a diameter by 3. (30cm in


            diameter /3cm = 10号) Even if you do not


            want to make a bowl big, please


            transplant it, and please cut down a


            jam-packed root.




            When we transplant it, we warn next.


            A root may rot when we transplant a


            seedling into a bigger bowl suddenly


            because soil does not readily dry. T


            herefore you seem to be careful about


            the size of the bowl to exchange.(into a


            slightly big bowl)


            By the way, I did not know the above.


            Therefore I have exchanged it with a 14号


            bowl from a 7号 bowl when I


            transplanted the potted lemon which I


            purchased. At hot time of July, I did a


            good watering every day twice in morning,


            an evening. I do not seem to do the


            decayed root for the moment. I want to


            be careful about decayed root in future.




            レモンの育て方 栽培方法



            Article of the transplantation

            that I tried


            「I transplanted a potted lemon plant!!」



            Please take a look. ( but Japanese )






             Care for flower and bud


              (I work on pollination)



            👉 About pollination



            As the young plant of the lemon is


            pollinated with one and bears fruit,


            the pollination tree is not necessary.


            In addition, we do not need the


            artificial pollination basically because


            the insects carry the pollen. My lemon


            does nothing in particular, but it is


            pollinated and bear fruit.


            (There is not particularly a lot an







            But it seems to become hard to be


            pollinated when insects do not come very


            much. When a fruit does not grow


            though the flower of the lemon blooms,


            please do artificial pollination. A fruit


            seems to have possibilities to grow.


            The artificial pollination is possible by


            using dry writing brushes when we touch


            it in turn in a stamen and the pistil






            👉 Care for flower and bud



            We pick all the flower (bud) which


            bloomed in autumn and summer to promote


            that we grow fruit.


            (When we grow the fruit which grow from


            the flower which bloomed in spring)




            About the flower(bud) which bloomed


             in spring


            When do you pick a bud and a flower? 


            A judgment seems to change by a purpose.



            a.A leaf is necessary to grow fruit.


             (20 pieces of leaves are necessary


              for one fruit?)



            b.If we pick the bud and flowers,we can


              spend the nourishment for branches


              and leaves and flowers and buds


              which we left.


             ⇒We should pick flowers and buds.



            c.In consideration of a physical fruit


              drop, we do not pick flowers and




             ⇒We should not pick flowers and buds. 




            Physiological fruit drop (June drop)


            We seem to be able to consider that a


            physiological fruit drop is a self-regulating


            function of fruit tree itself. A physiological


            fruit drop is a menstruation phenomenon


            that it try to leave a few fruits which


            is only grow and drop other fruit when


            nutrition is insufficient.




            A menstruation phenomenon. When there are too few fruits drop, a tree body weakens and causes a biennial bearing. (A high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.) On the contrary, when there are too many fruits drop, growth becomes popular, and the branch will be a abnormally long branch. The physiological fruit drop is classified roughly into two ways. One is an fruit drop appearing soon after the flowering. It is a latter term fruit drop appearing before a crop one more.





            We can concentrate on giving nourishment to a bud and flower and the branches and leaves which we want to leave when we pick up an unnecessary bud and flower. However, when a fruit has begun to become really, physiological fruit drop happens, and a fruit hardly remains if "a fruit to bring up" falls. Therefore we do not cut a bud and the flower and leave all. A way of thinking to perform fruit picking after a physiological fruit drop is like C.




            This year my garden planted lemon has added about 100 flowers. It was a bud for a long time, but the flowers finally bloomed. However, when I thought that the flowers bloomed on May 10, the flowers began to fall on May 13. If you would like to organize to a certain extent in advance, I think that it would be better to do a bud picking rather than a flower picking.




            In lemon flowers, incomplete flowers without stamen may bloom. (Of course, it does not become a fruit.) It is said that low temperature is the cause. Also, if the tree is still young and there is no power to fruit it seems there will be many incomplete flowers. Lisbon lemon raised in our house seems to be a species with many incomplete flowers. Meyer lemon is a kind that fruits are often attached, and it seems that there are not too many incomplete flowers. If incomplete flowers bloom, it would be better if you picked flowers. (After scattering naturally, remove residual flowers.)







            The record at that time is here!

            「Finally blooming flowers!」




            👉 I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.


                  The state at that time is "here"!





             Cutting of the lemon



            It cuts out the branches, stems, leaves etc of the plant, inserts it in the soil and puts out the roots. Fresh branches at the tip of the branch and flexible branches under extension seems to be unusable for cutting because it tends to rot after insertion. Branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder seem to be suitable for cutting of lemons.




            As a suitable period, it is said that the period of the rainy season in June is good. Cuttings are said to be less prone to fruit, less vulnerable to diseases and pests, shorter life span than grafts. However, it does not need to prepare a rootstock, and the point that it is relatively easy to increase seedlings is attractive.




            It is said that citrus fruits are relatively easy to cut. When I cut it, for example, I used a "root promoter", but it is said that roots grow only by adding nothing at all "just put the cut branches in soil".

            cutting branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder, growing in a shade not exposed to rain, watering every morning and evening, etc. are the points in cutting. However, I think that "roots will grow on cuttings just by watering firmly everyday."




            On June 17, I cut seven branches. I raised it in the shade that does not hit the rain.(One of them raised in the place where sun and rain hit) A new sprout came out from one branch after 42 days. After that, sprouts came out from all the branches.





            <Cutting procedure I did>



            a.Cut the solid branches into a length of 10 to 15 cm.


                  And drop the leaves on the lower half of the branches.


                  Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.


                  (To suppress transpiration)



            b.Soak this branch in a bucket filled with water.


                  (About 1 hour)



            c.Cut the lower tip of the branch off the water diagonally.


                  (To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,


                  and to expand the area where the roots come out.)



            d.Apply a rooting promoter to the lower tip of the cut branch.



            e.Put the soil exclusively for sowing buds and seeds, and insert the cuttings.


                  When inserting, digging the hole, cover the branch with soil


                  so that rooting promoter can not be removed.



            f.Add water to the whole.






            Here is the situation when I went cutting.(With photos)


             「I tried cutting with lemon!」



            Since the roots came out from the cuttings, the state at the time of replanting into a pot is here.


             「Cutting of lemon 54 days later ...」





            In the future, seedlings made of cuttings,


            Is it difficult to become fruitful? ,

            Is it vulnerable to diseases and pests? ,

            Is the lifetime short? ,


            I would like to validate.









             Grafting of lemon



            Looking at the lemon seedlings that are on sale, most of them seem to be seedlings made from grafting. Grafting is done because cold resistance and disease resistance will be higher than without grafting. That is because you use a growing stock. 




            Depending on the type of fruit trees and flowers, there are things that can not be seeded, or it takes a long time to be able to grow, when raised from their own seeds or when raised with cuttings. When growing with grafting, it will be fruit soon, it seems that you can make a strong tree against diseases and pests. 






            "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon


            It is a characteristic that there is a big thorns, and fruits is a cold-resistant variety among the citrus. It is also known as the bait of swallowtail butterfly. It can be used as a rootstock of all citrus fruits. Karatachi is used as a rootstock in 95% of domestic citrus fruits.




            When raising "Karatachi" as a rootstock from seeds, it seems necessary for about two years. In addition, when purchasing seedlings of Karatachi, a sending fee (around 1,000 yen) will be required for 1 seedling (around 600 yen) . If so, rather than trying grafting, it will be cheaper to purchase lemon seedlings.








            👉 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!






            👉 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!








            👉 「How to grow lemon 4」 is Here!



            It is the final version of "How to grow lemon".


            You can read all the articles of "Index".







            2017.12.09 Saturday

            Part 1








               How to grow a lemon, Part 1


                While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.


                      (INDEX to 3-◆




              〜 Introduction 〜




              I have begun to write a blog of


              how to grow a lemon.




              Its number of articles is "56" a little.




              I couldn't find an article.


              Where, did I write that article?




              If there is not "a summary",


              each article terminates in each article.





              From such thought,


              I compile each article


              as "a book of one how to grow a lemon".





              I think that it takes considerable time


              so that each article is completed.








              I should be able to update it


              while inspecting it every day.







              ■ Index


              1、Fascinate to grow a lemon


                Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.


              I went to Shimanami Kaido!



              2、The history of the lemon


              ・The first lemon


              ・A lemon came over to Japan.



              3、About how to grow a lemon.


                On the cultivation of the lemon.


              ・Area suitable for the cultivation

               of the lemon


              ・The tree bears fruit with one


              ・Time is necessary before it bears a

               fruit for the first time


              How to buy young plants, various kinds


              ・A stick seedling and large seedling


              ・When should we buy a seedling?


              ・How to choose good young plants



               Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)




              ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden?

                Or,is it a potted plant?


              ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden


              АHow to set a lemon into a bowl


              ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl


               Care for flower, bud

                (I work on pollination)


               Cutting of the lemon


               Grafted tree of the lemon


               The pruning of the lemon


               Cold measures


               Lemon cultivation and insects


               How to grow a lemon in the porch



              5、Pest of the lemon




              ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly


               Citrus leafminer


              ぁBell moth




              ΑSpider Mite


              АLonghorn beetle





              6、Disease of the lemon




              ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri


               Elsinoë fawcettii


              ぁGray mold


              ァCercospora leaf mold



              7、Diagnosis due to the symptom


               A leaf is yellow


              ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow


               A flower falls

                (a flower does not bloom)


              ぁA fruit falls



              8、Work according to the month



              9、Eating a lemon



              10、Recipe using the lemon







              1、Fascinate to grow a lemon



                Fascinate to grow a lemon

                 in a house.



              Almost persons reading this article


              already have a purpose (charm)


              to cultivate by yourself.



              Because you'll already make a fruit tree,


              vegetables or be going to make a lemon


              from now on.



              One of a fascinate to grow a lemon in a


              house is what we can harvest it at the


              most delicious time. The commercial


              fruit and vegetables are harvested


              before the most ripen fully.



              This is because it takes time before it


              reaches the consumers. The citrus


              fruits become sweet with growth.



              As for the lemon which ripened fully


              with becoming the tree, both the taste


              and the fragrance are totally another


              thing. You can taste a genuine taste


              at seasonal time.





              Another fascinate to grow a lemon in a


              house is what we can eat pesticide-free


              fruit, vegetables.



              In the case of an import lemon, we use


              a preservative (mold materials or wax-


              proof) not to be corrupt from the


              foreign country to the transportation.



              It does not have a problem that you


              eat a lemon after removing peel of





              However, I want to be concerned


              with a pesticide-free lemon when I


              think about a carcinogenic


              teratogenic risk and seem to become.



              The lemon in particular,


              vitamin C is included in the peel of


              lemon as same as in the fresh and fruit


              juice of lemon.



              When you thought about nourishment,


              you should be able to eat the peel of


              lemon, too.



              I put a slice lemon in the tea. The lemon


              to put in the tea has better lemon with


              the peel.




              As a matter of course, there is not only


              the charm "eating" but also the charm


              "appreciating". I only look at the flower


              of the lemon sweetly, and a heart calms





              In addition, citral and limonene are


              included in a bag (oil gland) to collect


              a fragrance ingredient called the


              essential oil in to the rind of a fruit


              of the lemon. So that; is unique;


              smell refreshing.



              This is included in the leaf of the


              lemon. I cut a leaf, and I prune it,


              and the fragrance of the lemon


              sometimes spreads.





              Why will I be going to grow a lemon? 


              Because the reason consumes vitamin C


              deliciously. This is because it drinks


              the lemon mixed juice which squeezed


              a lemon raw.



              A lemon is one tree, and a fruit grows.


              In addition, in the case of  other soft


              fruit, it will be deceived by a pest and


              bacteria, and it is difficult to grow.



              However, a lemon is hard to be deceived


              by a pest and can simplify the fruit


              which I can eat, because the rind of a


              fruit of the lemon is thick. How to grow


              lemons cannot be difficult.  










               ◆I went to Shimanami Kaido!



              In July, 2017, I went to Shimanami Kaido


              in two people with a wife.



              From the Hiroshima side, I passed with


              Mukaijima, Innoshima, Ikuchijima,


              Omishima, Hakatajima, Oshima and


              went to Imabari-shi, Ehime.




              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法




              "Ikuchijima with Sedota-cho is 25km from


              Imabari-shi, Ehime. It is the island of


              approximately 8,700 population in the


              center of Shimanami Kaido.



              Because approximately 50% of the island


              are suddenly slanted in Ikuchijima,


              exposure to the sun is good. The amount


              of production of the lemon is number one


              in Japan."



              "Approximately a quarter (28%) of the


              domestic lemon is produced in Sedota-cho.



              However, among lemons consumed in


              Japan, the ratio that a domestic lemon is


              consumed is less than 5%. Consumed most


              lemons are from the United States.



              This is because a price is low. The lemon


              which a farming family of Sedota-cho


              aimed at was the richness of the


              fragrance and the lemon which I could


              eat in peace.



              The Sedota lemon holds down the


              consumption of a pesticide and the


              chemical fertilizer to less than 50%.


              It is the lemon which I can eat


              together with a zest."



              I who had begun to grow a lemon had a


              lot of various questions. I went to the


              place of the best domestic amount of


              production in Japan and wanted to learn


              "how to grow lemons".


              ( In fact, I wanted to buy a seedling


              most. ^^;)



              I went to "the lemon valley" in Sedota-


              cho. There are really a lemon, a lemon.


              A lot of trees of lemon.



              The person who wants to feel the world of


              a lot of lemons, please drop in once!





              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法


              レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法







              2、The history of the lemon




              虫眼鏡 The first lemon



              When and where did the lemon come from?



              The place of origin of the lemon seems to


              be the foothills of the Himalayas in





              It is supposed that the lemon came out of


              the mating of a shaddock and a lemonade,


              but does not seem to understand the


              original thing that a lemon has begun to


              be cultivated clearly.



              More than 1,400 years ago, Arabic people


              of the Muslim liked lemons. They brought


              in a lemon in the future to go and seemed


              to go over to Spain and Sicily, the North





              In the 15th century, the lemon came to be


              cultivated flourishingly in Italy and





              It will be "to have healed scurvy" to


              have escalated the cultivation of the


              lemon still more.



              In about 1500, the scurvy is the disease


              that took sailors at voyages of Vasco da





              As for the sailor, gingiva of the top and


              bottom swelled up. And they could eat


              nothing and starved to death. They


              suffered from hand pedialgia and


              gingival swelling and died in sequence.



              For the next 300 years, the scurvy


              attacked sailors who went on a voyage


              for a long term.



              Vitamin C is indispensable for generation


              of protein and the collagen included in


              the connective tissue. Collagen is not


              produced enough when we spend time


              without eating raw fruit and vegetables


              more than three months. As a result,


              various symptoms such as the gingival


              swelling are early and finally result


              in death.



              In 1582, Sailors who were deceived by


              scurvy strike the shore of West Africa,


              and they eat the lemon which grew





              When they washed the mouth with the fruit


              juice of the lemon, somebody recovered


              from the symptom of the mouth.


              Such example seemed to be persuasive


              grounds that a lemon worked for scurvy.



              After that, the senior service provides


              with about 6 million liters of squeezes


              of lemon in 19 years.



              The squeeze of lemon was stored in a


              barrel under the layer of the olive oil.


              As a result, it is to have been able to


              keep it without ascorbate most of the


              fruit juice being lost.


              As a matter of course, a sailor starting


              scurvy disappears.



              The loading the lemon onto the ship is a


              chance to let the consumption of the


              lemon increase, and the lemon farm will


              enlarge in each place.






              虫眼鏡 A lemon came over to Japan.



              It is listed in "a history of Japanese


              fruit chronological table" as follows.



              "April, 1875, Saburo Takagi who was a


              consul general introduced the seed and


              saplings such as orange, a lemon, a


              strawberry, the hop from the United





              In addition, it is written with a


              different book as follows.



              It is the Meiji era after the foundation


              of a country that a lemon was handed


              down to Japan.



              The lemon was mixed in many foreign-made


              articles, too. When a foreigner came for


              a hot spring cure in Atami of Shizuoka


              in 1873, he sprinkled the species of the


              lemon contained in dinner on the garden.



              It does not know which story is right.


              But, around the beginning of the Meiji


              era, the lemon seemed to come to Japan.



              It is written in the cultivation history


              of "the Sedota lemon" as follows.


              In 1928, I plant 300 trifoliate orange


              young plants and perform bud grafting


              of Lisbon Eureka Lemon.



              In other words, I understand that the


              lemon cultivation began after the Showa







              3、About how to grow a lemon




               On the cultivation of the lemon



              👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

                     of the lemon



              The lemon seems to like the land which


              drainage has good and the area with


              more than 15 degrees Celsius of mean





              In Japan, there is a lemon-growing area


              in the warm place of the south side from


              Kanto area. The slant ground of the


              mountains in the coastal area is a lemon


              -growing main area. Because chills do


              not collect, and drainage is good.



              A Setouchi lemon farm writes it, too.



              "Originally the area in Setouchi has


              little precipitation, and it is a warm


              area (mean temperature 15 degrees


              Celsius). It is a characteristic that


              there are many fine days.


              The lemon in particular is vulnerable to


              rain and wind. There are few typhoons,


              and, in this area with a little quantity


              of the wind, the outbreak of illness is


              controlled as much as possible and is


              the environment that is most suitable


              for a lemon. As for the lemon growing


              here, both the taste and the nourishment


              are fully included in the depths of the





              In particular, Sedota-cho is most


              suitable for lemon cultivation.


              This is because it wins a positive well


              as about half of the island is an


              immediate slant.



              And the lemon is vulnerable to cold.


              When temperature falls than -3 degrees


              Celsius, a tree weakens and seems to have


              possibilities to die. Therefore cold


              protection measures are necessary in the


              area becoming less than -3 degrees







              👉 The tree bears fruit with one



              The tree of lemon is pollinated and bears


              a fruit only with one tree.



              Therefore the pollination tree is not







              👉 Time is necessary before it bears


                     a fruit for the first time



              The tree gives priority to bring up a


              body of oneself, rather than leaving the


              next generation (leaving fruit and a





              In other words, if the growth of a branch


              and a leaf of the tree becomes too much


              popular, most of the nourishment are used


              for the growth of a branch and the leaf ,


              and not be used for a flower and fruit ,


              and they are not accompanied by a flower


              and a fruit.



              In the case of a potted plant, It seem to


              be said to be need for 3 through 5 years


              before the fruit of the lemon grows for


              the first time.



              But, in the case of a planting in the


              garden, it seems to be said that we are


              necessary for 4 through 6 years.



              The growth of the root is limited, and


              this is because a branch and a leaf do


              not grow big in the case of a potted





              Therefore nourishment arrives to a flower


              and fruit, and a potted plant seems to


              bear a fruit early.


              As for the particularly young tree, a


              branch and a leaf grow well. If we cut a


              branch or pull it aside, force to grow up


              can be weakened.



              There seems to be a method to let a lot


              of flowers bloom by doing so.


              However, it seem to be necessary for


              around three years before a fruit grows


              after planting the seedling of the lemon.






              ◆How to buy young plants,


                 various kinds



              👉 Stick seedling and large seedling



              We can classify the young plant roughly


              into "one stick stick seedling" and


              "large seedling which branched off a







              Stick seedling;


               A price is low          楽しい


              ◆It is available for much


                how to make 楽しい


               It is necessary for three years


                before a fruit grows at least  悲しい



              Large seedling;


               A price is high     悲しい


              ◆It is begun easily   楽しい


               A fruit grows early 楽しい




              <A large seedling is recommended in


               potted plants>



              For a potted young plant, a large


              seedling is recommended than a stick





              Because, it is just grew lemons with the


              bowl which it purchased, and it is early


              that a fruit grows for the first time.



              When we choose the large seedling,


              we choose the young plant which branches


              off from a part near the plant foot


              treatment if possible.



              The space where fruit becomes increases


              and can finish it compactly.




              The tree of lemon which I planted in my


              garden purchased a stick seedling in a


              gardening shop.



              And the potted lemon purchased a large


              seedling on the Internet.



              I understand each merit and demerit well.


              It is up to the thought of the person


              which seedling is good.



              But I think that you should purchase the


              seedling after knowing the seedling


              passed how many years.


              It seems to be difficult to harvest fruit


              from a young seedling.



              I think that there is the joy of "to just


              grow the tree of lemon".



              However, you should purchase the seedling


              which passed for several years if your


              first purpose is "to harvest the fruit of


              the lemon".



              Please think that you purchased the


              period (time). Even if the price of large


              seedling is high, you will think that


              "it was good early to bear a fruit".





              👉 When should we buy a seedling?



              In both the gardening shop and the net


              shop, the seedling of the lemon is sold





              The seedling of the lemon is sold only at


              this time, which means there will not be





              But, in a case of planting a lemon,


              A climate is calm. About March is


              good because the growth of the tree of


              lemon is slow.



              Therefore it is thought that you should


              purchase it at that time. In addition,


              September is also good becase a lot of


              seedlings having a fruit are sold.



              By the way, I purchased the young plant


              (large seedling) of the lemon for the


              potted plant on the Internet in the end


              of July. (there were four fruits!)



              I transplanted it into a one size big


              bowl immediately.


              I still grow well.


              (of course,four fruits are fine!)






              👉 How to choose good young plants



              There are many leaves. The green of


              the leaf is deep. A branch is enriched


              and thick.



              It is said that the seedling are good to


              buy. Even if a lot of flower and fruits


              grow , it is temporary.



              We want to just judge the purchase from


              the viewpoint of  銑 above. But we see


               銑 and can purchase it if we go to


              the home centers for buying by oneself. 



              However, we can't buy the seedling aftere


              check  銑 above if we buy it on the





              On the other hand, the young plant of the


              lemon is sold when we go to the gardening


              shop, but there are not many kinds (one


              kind - two kinds) and does not sell a


              lot. We can buy most kinds if we buy it


              in a net shop.





              The article of


              Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds


              is here!






              I am producing "how to grow lemons 2".


              Please wait a minute.








              2017.12.08 Friday

              Part 2-1








                 How to grow a lemon,


                                             Part 2


                  While a beginner inspect the


                                    cultivation method.


                        (INDEX to 3-◆







                ■ Index


                1、Fascinate to grow a lemon


                  Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.


                I went to Shimanami Kaido!



                2、The history of the lemon


                ・The first lemon

                ・A lemon came over to Japan.



                3、About how to grow a lemon.


                  On the cultivation of the lemon.


                ・Area suitable for the cultivation of the lemon

                ・The tree bears fruit with one

                ・Time is necessary before it bears a fruit for the first time


                How to buy young plants, various kinds


                ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                ・When should we buy a seedling?

                ・How to choose good young plants



                 Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)


                ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden? Or,is it a potted plant?

                ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                 Care for flower, bud (I work on pollination)

                 Cutting of the lemon

                 Grafted tree of the lemon

                 The pruning of the lemon

                 Cold measures

                 Lemon cultivation and insects

                 How to grow a lemon in the porch



                5、Pest of the lemon


                ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                 Citrus leafminer

                ぁBell moth


                ΑSpider Mite

                АLonghorn beetle




                6、Disease of the lemon


                ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                 Elsinoë fawcettii

                ぁGray mold

                ァCercospora leaf mold



                7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                 A leaf is yellow

                ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                 A flower falls (a flower does not bloom)

                ぁA fruit falls



                8、Work according to the month



                9、Eating a lemon



                10、Recipe using the lemon







                3、About how to grow a lemon



                  Soil, manure


                    (effective microorganisms)



                👉 How much is the quantity of






                ☝In the case of a smartphone, a screen

                 spreads with touch.




                When we grow lemons,


                how much


                ◆when must we give the manure?


                I checked it in various ways, but there


                was not the same information. Quantity


                of fertilization. Time. The number of


                times to give in the year.


                It was different each. But I describe it


                as there was a point becoming similar







                a.Lemon cultivation requires a lot


                  of manure.


                Generally, it is said that the citrus


                fruits consume fertilizer in comparison


                with other fruit trees. In particular, a


                lemon is a fruit tree consuming


                fertilizer in that citrus fruits.


                The lemon has much quantity of


                outbreak of the branch.



                In addition, it flowers many times in a


                year,and this is because it needs much


                nourishment. A root goes bad even if we


                give a lot of manure at a time and flows


                out before manure is absorbed.


                Therefore it is common I divide it into


                several times a year, and to give manure


                while grow a lemon.




                b.I surround organic quality compound


                      fertilizer in about February


                      (initial fertilization).


                     In addition, I sprinkle mineral


                    matter compound fertilizer in another


                     month   (additional fertilizing).




                Organic quality compound fertilizer


                ; Seedcake, chicken droppings,


                      fish meal, compost, cow dung.



                 Improvement of the soil is effective.


                 (soil softens, and water retentivity






                 Microbes increase.


                ぁThere are few manure ingredients.


                ァThe smell is special, and an insect


                      may be boiled.




                Mineral matter compound fertilizer


                ; Compound fertilizer, urea.



                 We fertilize three major nutrients


                     (nitrogen, phosphoric acid,


                      potassium) efficiently.


                ◆There are slow-release and immediate


                      effect and can choose it.


                 It tends to be cheaper than organic


                      quality manure.


                ぁOnly with mineral matter, soil


                      environment worsens.


                      (The soil will lose weight)


                ァIt may cause manure desperation.




                ΑThere is not the smell, and there is


                    not the worry to breed in an insect.



                Most of organic quality manure are


                slow-release and few manure ingredients.



                The lemon needs a lot of manure. When


                quick effect characteristics are demanded


                like after-season fertilizing, experience


                and an effort seem to be necessary to


                cultivate a lemon only in organic quality





                So there seem to be many descriptions


                that "sprinkle organic quality compound


                fertilizer on the initial fertilization,


                and sprinkle mineral matter compound


                fertilizer on the additional fertilizing"


                to make use of both good points.




                c.It is the almost same


                      when I see it by an annual unit.



                There seem to be various descriptions as


                mentioned above when we consider quantity


                of fertilization and the fertilization


                number of times each. But, when we judge


                the quantity of fertilization X number


                of times」from an annual unit, the gross


                weight of the manure to give is almost




                I think that you may change the number of


                times to fertilize from a point of view


                that "The lemon is easy to absorb manure


                if you distribute the number of times to






                d.Method to sprinkle manure



                A garden Plant


                We sprinkle manure on the surface of the


                land uniformly in a range (Trunk Diameter)


                where the branches and leaves grow.


                The manure is good just to sprinkle it on


                the surface of the land. But, absorption


                of the manure improves when we mix it


                with soil lightly.




                A potted plant


                I sprinkle manure on the surface of the


                potting compost uniformly. It is not


                necessary to mix it with soil.




                👉 Please careful about manure


                       desperation !



                As much as we give a manure, it is not


                good. The density of fertility in the


                soil rises when I fertilize it too much,


                and the water of the root is robbed of


                it under the influence of osmotic




                It can be expected, "a lemon withers up


                even if I put up a lot of water".



                When a ratio of compound fertilizer uses


                expensive fertilizer, attention is






                It washes away fertility in the soil


                if we cause manure desperation.


                In the case of a potted plant, we do


                water about 5 times as normal,


                and water flows out of the bowl


                bottom for a while.


                You seem to perform this work every day


                for about five days.





                👉 The measurement and adjustment


                       of the acidity in the soil



                The root of the citrus fruit likes weak


                acidity around ph 5.5-6.0 in the soil.


                The growth of the tree worsens so that


                the acidity of the soil is separated from


                ph5 .5-6.0. Using acidity measurement


                liquid, a value of the acidity should be


                coordinated when values are different


                more than 1.0 from ph5 .5-6.0 back


                and forth.



                We use lime for a case to raise soil ph


                (can get closer to the neutrality).


                The magnesia lime includes magnesium


                and seems to be recommended as action


                is slow.


                300g of magnesia lime is necessary to put


                up 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of


                land. We use sublimed sulfur for a case


                to lower soil ph (can get closer


                to the acidity).


                200g of sublimed sulfur is necessary to


                lower 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of





                I measured the acidity of the soil, too.


                I could easily measure when I used the


                acidity measurement liquid.




                Please refer 「I measured ph!」.




                レモンの育て方 栽培方法




                👉 I try to sprinkle effective





                I read an article to "cultivate the lemon


                without using the pesticide".



                 The probability to be damaged of a


                disease and the insect rises when we


                give a lot of manure.




                ◆The tree of lemon meets the life


                immediately when we reduce manure


                and we cultivate it while suppressing


                the pruning. (it becomes weak)




                 So we make met environment with





                "We make met environment with probiotic".


                In other words, we sprinkle effective


                microorganisms and a fermentation microbe


                (lactic acid bacterium, yeast,


                photosynthetic bacteria) and make the


                soil better (the probiotic is higher than


                the viuses and bacteria which are a


                microbe letting a thing oxidize).


                Then we can enable the organic farming


                that we can revivify power of the


                original soil and is hard to match pest




                (We interfere with being deceived by a


                disease and an insect even if we give an


                organic fertilizer)


                It is like such a thing when I gather


                it up.





                <What is an effective microorganisms?>




                The word "EM" took an initial of


                "Effective Microorganism" (useful microbe


                group), and EM is cultured by so many


                kinds of useful microbes.


                {* But "EM" is a coined word (trademark)


                by Professor Hika who is a advocate of


                EM, and is a central researcher.


                So,"EM" is not a technical term in the


                general microbiology.}




                We can measure the acidity (ph) in the


                soil, but it is difficult to measure the


                state of bacteria.


                It is difficult to confirm that to


                maintain the state (good balance) of


                the bacteria become a direct cause to


                prevent a disease and a pest.



                On the other hand, it seems to be caused


                by the environment (including the state


                of the soil) that a pest comes, and


                branches and leaves get sick.


                I think that it is very good to sprinkle


                good bacteria because I do not spread


                bad bacteria.


                I make EM manure and EM wash and sprinkle




                I think that the result has just begun,


                but want to make the state an article.




                「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」


                「I made EM manure!」


                「I made EM wash!」     



                There are others, the related story, too.



                Effective Microorganism

                レモンの育て方 栽培方法







                The lemon is not so weak against drying.


                In the case of a garden plant, there is


                little need to do watering other than hot


                summer. However, watering is important


                work to control growth. Therefore you


                will understand a precaution.




                <In the case of a gargen plant>


                We are careful not to become the shortage


                of water for from July to September that


                are the high temperature period. A tree


                take the damage when it becomes the


                shortage of water, and fruit does not


                grow big. Let's give water well by once


                for each morning and evening.




                <In the case of a potted plant>


                Because the range that the root grows is


                limited, periodical watering is


                necessary. When we put a bowl under


                the eaves to suppress the outbreak of


                illness, the soil of the bowl is careful


                not to dry in particular. If "the surface


                of the potting compost dries, the basics


                of the timing to water".




                In spring once in 2-3 days. In the summer


                1 to 2 times a day. In autumn once in 1-3


                days. In winter once in 3-7 days. This


                interval provide an indication of




                When we make a little dry some potting


                compost until winter, cold resistance


                becomes strong. On the other hand,


                we water too much and are careful about


                decayed root being caused. "If the


                surface of the potting compost dries,


                we water".




                Outbreak of illness is controlled when we


                water in potting compost so that water


                does not hang over the branches and


                leaves. In addition, there seems to be


                the way called "leaf water-spray" with


                direct water over a leaf exceptionally,




                This is because it lowers side


                temperature of the leaves on a hot day,


                and it washes away a dirt and a pest.


                Let's perform it on a fine day and on a


                day to dry immediately.






                Do you plant a lemon in the garden? 


                      Or,is it a potted plant?



                A gargen plant




                ・There are many harvests.

                 (a tree grows big)


                ・Transplantation is unnecessary.


                ・There is little number of times of

                 the watering.


                 Except summer of the intense heat,

                 the watering is approximately



                 And so on.




                ・The number of years to harvesttime

                 is long.


                (After outdoor planting,

                 is it difficult for three years?)


                ・It is difficult to prevent cold.


                 When the lemon is less than -3 degrees

                 Celsius, it may wither and die.


                 Therefore we choose the cultivation



                ・Because it is easy to become the big

                 tree, the pruning every year is

                 indispensable. And so on.



                The first reason that purchased the tree


                of lemon for a garden plant is because I


                wanted to harvest a lot of fruit of the




                However, I became slightly afraid that I


                was in trouble if a lemon became so big


                and thick when I went to Shimanami Kaido


                and looked at the trunk of the lemon in


                the lemon field. From this year, I will


                prune the tree on lemon properly. It is


                difficult to prevent a trunk from


                becoming thick, but I'll try to prevent a


                tree from growing big.




                A potted plant




                ・Years until the first fruition are



                ・We can grow the fruit tree which is

                 vulnerable to cold.


                 We can easily move the seedling of the

                 lemon to the room only in winter.


                 (We do not choose an area and the



                ・It is easy to bear a fruit.


                ・We can grow compactly.


                ・No worries about a disease and pest

                 if we grow lemons in the room.




                ・There are few harvests.


                ・Transplantation is necessary.

                 (We transplant it in 2-3 years)


                ・Watering is necessary frequently.


                 And so on.




                *「It is easy to bear a fruit」


                When the branches and leaves grow too


                much popular, most of the nourishment


                are used by growth of the branches and


                leaves. As a result, the flowers and


                fruits cannot take the nourishment, and


                it is the tendency that the flowers


                and fruits do not grow. We can say this


                trend about overall tree not only a







                The growth of the branches and leaves


                links a root. In the case of a garden


                plant,the land where a root grows is


                large, so the growth of the branches


                and leaves is easy to become popular.


                As a result, the fruit becomes the


                tendency that is hard to grow.


                On the other hand,in the case of a potted


                plant,the growth of the root is limited,


                so the growth of the branches and leaves


                is limited, too. As a result, it becomes


                the tendency that fruit is easy to






                When we plant a stick seedling, it is


                necessary before the first fruition for


                4 through 6 years in the case of a garden


                plant, but becomes short for 3 through 5


                years in the case of a potted plant.




                In other words, the tree gives priority


                to grow oneself (now) than to leave the


                next generation (in the future).


                If a root cannot grow, a root stop


                growing oneself and try to begin to leave


                the next generation. I think "I use of


                this thought and want to find a method to


                preferentially grow fruits in the case of


                a garden plant,too".






                ΑHow to plant a lemon in the




                👉 Proper time for plantation


                Proper time to plant the young plant of


                the lemon is from the end of February to


                the end of March in Japan. It is good for


                the plantation of the seedling becase the


                growth of the root is slow and there is


                little worry that a seedling is damaged


                by cold. In the case of the area where


                cold is severe, You may plant it before


                it starts sprouting in about April.




                👉 Place to plant a seedling


                When we plant a seedling in a sunny place


                and in the place that drainage has good,


                fruits grow well and come to have good


                quality. The place where a strong wind is


                easy to blow and chills are easy to


                collect will be hard to grow.




                👉 Plantation


                We dig the hole nearly 70cm - 100cm in


                diameter and 50cm - 75cm in depth. We


                dig up soil of area more than the size


                of the young plant. It is intended to


                plow the soil for the purpose of a root


                growing in the future. After having dug


                the hole, we coordinate it with the


                measurement of the acidity and put


                organic matter (humus or compost).



                This organic matter is intended to make


                soil soft and fluffy, and to make


                drainage better as manure more. If it is


                a hole of 100cm in diameter and 75cm in


                depth, the humus mixes 48 - 60ℓ.




                When we plant a young plant, it prevents


                a grafted tree part from being covered in


                the soil and, also, when we put soil, we


                are careful not to be hard very much by


                stepping on our feet. In the case of a


                stick seedling, a rich branch will grow


                in the future when we cut it at a height


                of 40cm from a grafted tree part.


                And we fix a tree trunk with props for a


                while. We do not have to worry that a


                tree breaks by strong winds.





                And then we water well and add soil


                if soil is dented.



                レモンの育て方 栽培方法



                I still support it with a prop.! 



                Even if a typhoon comes,


                it becomes the reliable materials.





                👉 How to fix forms of the tree


                As many branches grow in May, we leave


                three branches which is rich and growing


                in a good direction, and other branch


                cuts it off.( we cultivate it so that


                three firm branches grow near the




                In the second-year March, about 1/3


                length cuts off all branches.


                And when a lot of branches are divided,


                we cut it off to become by 2-3 in one







                2017.11.25 Saturday

                紅葉を見学 京都嵐山 大河内山荘に行ってきた。





                  紅葉を見学 京都嵐山 





                  秋です。 紅葉です。


















                  ご報告です。 バイバイ の画像








                  AM 9:30 嵐山に到着。





















                  待てるはずもありません。 泣く の画像  











                  入場料は 1,000円なのですが、







































































































































































                  にほんブログ村 健康ブログ 自己流健康法へ




                  PVアクセスランキング にほんブログ村





                  2017.09.17 Sunday

                  Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds






                    Nursery tree of lemon


                    The various kinds




                    After I'll get a plant of lemon....


                    Until a small fruit is being....




                    While various blogs are being written....


                    A plant of various lemons


                    was being introduced.





                    To have the so many kinds....






                    ■ Index


                     1、Lisbon Lemon


                     2、Happy Lemon


                     3、Beer Flanker Lemon


                     4、Eureka Lemon


                     5、Meyer Lemon


                     6、Allen Eureka Lemon


                     7、Jumbo Lemon


                     8、Sweet Lemon


                     9、Princess Lemon




                    11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)


                    12、Chinese Little Lemon


                    13、Rinoka Lemon


                    14、Ponteroza Lemon


                    15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)


                    16、Flower Yuzu







                     Link to how to bring up lemon!!


                    The record as which lemon is being trained actually was gathered with an occasional picture.


                    "Is this the one done how?" but when having that,


                    when I can receive at a glance,


                    it's lucky!   










                    1、Lisbon Lemon


                    My lemon is also Lisbon lemon.     大笑い



                    One of the main force kinds. Hard, tree vigor is recommended to a beginner by the fruitful kind, too.



                    To develop in the verticality direction, a branch tends to be a big tree.


                    There is cold resistance compared with Eureka, so the occasion raising outdoors do is this kind.


                    I'm rich in fruit juice, am strong in the sour taste and have the refreshing scent.


                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.


                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!



                    The last tree height : 2m〜3m

                    A harvest        : October-March

                    Cultivation suitable land : Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken




                    3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen





                    2、楽天 Optimistic about 1 winning a prize!   Happy lemon


                    How to bring up, it also seems to be with a tour guide!


                    Or, the report state depends on a season of an order.


                    Is there a fruit of yellow lemon at the time of an order of the autumn-winter?



                    A kind ;  Ground lemon



                    When I become mature roundly actually by a cross of orange and lemon, I'm strong in orange.





                    3rd grader, a plant of 4309 yen (including tax)

                    【幸せレモンの木】レモンの木 果樹苗 庭木 鉢苗 植木 苗木 苗 シンボルツリー 常緑 常緑樹 実のなる木 観葉植物 国産 ギフト ガーデニング【3年生苗/接ぎ木苗】【楽ギフ_包装】【楽ギフ_メッセ】【楽ギフ_メッセ入力】【新築祝/記念樹/庭植え】




                    3、Beer Franker Lemon


                    That almost prickle has big no characteristic.


                    The flaw by the prickle is difficult to put on the fruit, and it's easy to work.


                    That a strong prickle goes out while it's a sapling.


                    The varietal characteristics of a fruit is near Eureka, the way where the cold resistance is weak.


                    It's easy to bring up and it's the kind on which a fruit is often put.


                    An abnormal fallen leaves in the late fall which you can watch carefully with other citrus fruits is a little kind.


                    Eureka is setup and a branch has the aptitude spread in the side, while a branch of a beer flanker has the aptitude which becomes easy to develop in the verticalness direction. 











                    4、Eureka Lemon


                    By one of the main force kinds, for beginners.


                    The tree vigor is rather weak.


                    There are few prickles relatively by the wing expanse.


                    It's popular as a home fruiter by a delicacy and a perfume and of high quality.


                    It's estimated, but the cold resistance is rather weak little compared with Lisbon.


                    Well, the seed is rather little by 110-about 130 grams.


                    The kind heat resistance tends to bring up relatively highly.


                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.


                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!




                    The last tree height: 2-3m


                    A harvest: 10-March


                    Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Okinawa-ken





                    レモン 苗木 ユーレカレモン 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/11時点)







                    5、Meyer Lemon


                    It's mandarin and lemon whether the Meyer Lemon is orange.


                    When a fruit takes on the roundness and is matured by the crossing kind which is so.


                    A skin becomes orange.


                    The sour taste is less than the general kind, and is it Judo?


                    A juicy fruit is lemon of the feature by the flavor.


                    The kind cold resistance and heat resistance tend to bring up relatively highly.


                    There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.


                    By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!





                    The last tree height: 2m-3m


                    A harvest: October-March


                    Cultivation suitable land: Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken





                    レモン 苗木 マイヤー 四季成 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/24時点)





                    A second year plant of 2138 yen (including tax)

                    ◆予約販売(11月中旬〜下旬発送)◆ レモン 苗木 【ラフマイヤー】 2年生 接ぎ木 ポット苗 レモンの木 苗 常緑 果樹 柑橘 香酸柑橘 柑橘苗木 果樹苗木






                    6、Allen Eureka Lemon


                    The kind a prickle is short relatively and by which harvesting is possible from Wakagi.


                    It's rich in fruit juice and good for quality of fruit.


                    The cold resistance is low compared with Lisbon, but growth of four seasons is strong.


                    It's realized in 1.


                    It's strongest to the cold in the lemon, and I come by raising outdoors at the sunny place where I don't get a


                    north wind in a warm place and the Pacific Ocean side.




                    The last tree height: About 2 m


                    A harvest: October-March


                    Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Chugoku Shikoku and Kyushu










                    7、Jumbo Lemon


                    A huge fruit, impact, much!


                    The sour taste milder than usual lemon.


                    The kind which tends to be realized.




                    2139 yen (including tax)

                    ジャンボレモンの苗 巨大な果実はインパクトたっぷり!通常のレモンよりもマイルドな酸味♪結実しやすい品種ですジャンボレモンの苗




                    8、Sweet Lemon


                    Isn't it sour! Strange lemon.


                    The sweet lemon by which Iran is origin.


                    It isn't acidic and is lemon with the faint sweetness.


                    It's called "rimu Sea lean (sweet lemon)" by Iran and eaten as a fruit necessary to a winter from the height of its nutritive value.


                    That besides abundance of the vitamin C also is unique and is called "king in the citrus fruits" at the inside!


                    Or, a flower is also fragrant and even if it's for appreciation, it's said that they can enjoy themselves.





                    レモンの木 スイートレモン 1年生 接ぎ木 苗 果樹苗 柑橘
                    価格:2268円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/28時点)






                    9、Princess Lemon


                    "Rare species" plant of princess lemon.


                    Do you think that it's orange! But it's sour!


                    Lemon of perpetual private result.


                    Even a potted plant is the kind Makoto Sawayama will be. It's also called "red lemon".






                    価格:898円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)







                    10、Pink Lemonade


                    The colorful lemon which is very uncommon to pink lemonade and has high enjoyment value.


                    Variegation is very clean.


                    How to enter the speckle of the leaf is excellent in particular.


                    When one around a bud blooms by light pink, a flower becomes white, and I have a superficial scent.


                    While while being young actually, green stripes enter, and ripening, stripes will be going off and be yellow lemon.


                    A seed tends to use fruits in a dish little by beautiful pink, and you add a new color scheme.


                    When it's colored perfectly, the variegated design goes off, so rather early profit is recommended.


                    I'm sensitive to the cold, so I pay attention!







                    レモン 苗木 ピンクレモネード 15cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                    価格:4212円(税込、送料別) (2018/2/3時点)







                    11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)


                    The lemon popular by the refreshing sour taste.


                    This seed is the lemon I don't do market circulation of so much.


                    A skin is also called an another name "green lemon", and is the lemon harvested inside the putting green.


                    The mild sour taste is the taste which becomes a habit.


                    It's good to slice and put it in tea!


                    I pollinate myself, so a fruit will be in one.





                    【花芽付き】サイパンレモン 苗木 6号 r(c19)
                    価格:4104円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)






                    12、Chinese Little Lemon


                    It's named lemon, but it's the tachibana of four seasons grown at Southeast Asia.


                    You can thrust at a fruit with the hybrid of the tangerine orange and the kumquat throughout the year.


                    It's akin to SHIKWASA which grows naturally in Okinawa, but NOBIRECHIN isn't included in fruit juice.


                    There is also "about 6 times more than SHIKWASA of rutin" for the content of "citric acid".


                    Well, it's fragrant and the sour taste is strong and it's possible to eat just as it is.


                    Cold resistance is strong in the lemon, and it's also the feature that I'd like one with a fruit.


                    I'm strong in the becoming nature of four seasons, from autumn to early summer, the golden age of profit.





                    1st grader, a plant of 3456 yen (including tax)






                    13、Linoka Lemon


                    Various improvement is added and is a new breed of the lemon on which I appeared in 2015 by the crossing kind of Lisbon lemon and sunny place summer.


                    A fruit is in about 200 grams, too bigger than usual lemon, the sour taste is controlled and is the mellow food taste, and a seed islittle, and even a hand can also peel skin soft.


                    Even one tree is born much, the harvest time is for about 1 month and a half also earlier than usual lemon.


                    A prickle is easy to handle little.


                    That the biggest feature is strong in "ulcer disease".




                    1st grader, a plant of 3218 yen (including tax)








                    14、Ponteroza Lemon


                    The marvelous huge lemon first appearance!


                    The quadruple size of the usual lemon! 300-about 400 g and sour taste are smooth, and the size is mild.


                    Much fruit juice comes and comes in handy in juice and liqueur because it's big.


                    A harvest time for warm place cultivation is from the beginning of October.


                    It'll be in one.


                    It's easy to make, and born so much.


                    There are rather much prickles little, but it can be said that growing is dynamic.


                    A fruit is the big actual lemon across which I come at a fruit department rather big.


                    It's rather thick-skinned little.





                    I graft 1st grader Pot plant ¥1,814- (including tax).







                    15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)


                    A fruit is big and is the fragrant kind in the citron.


                    It's young that the long prickle can be made the branch which develops hard, and the feature.


                    It's strongest to the cold in the citrus fruits,


                    and when it's exposed to strong bise, I shed leaves, but when the temperature becomes high, it normally grows.


                    It's strong in a disease carrier compared with other citrus fruits and without agricultural chemicals, the tree species I tend to grow.





                    3240 yen (including tax)


                    本柚子(ホンユズ) 6号r
                    価格:3240円(税込、送料別) (2017/12/3時点)







                    16、Flower Yuzu


                    My citron, flower Yuzu (one year old Yuzu).   



                    It's the feature the Flower Yuzu is a little short compared with Yuzu, and that it's good with a fruit.


                    A flower can use the fragrance of the white pretty citrus fruits for a dish actually.


                    When a citrus fruiter is planted in a garden, it's said that a generation after generation (orange) person shines out.


                    The Flower Yuzu are richer in fruit juice than Yuzu, and smells slightly.


                    It's ideal to put it in distilled spirits!





                    3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen (including tax)







                    Good luck, brought origin tree.


                    The lucky citrus fruiter to which you say "A generation after generation (orange) person shines out." when it's planted in a garden.


                    The flower is beautiful by an evergreen and there is a perfume.


                    When one family has that, it comes in handy in a dish.






                    4th grader, a plant of 4536 yen (including tax)










                    I can also exert myself、



                    if you push this banner!! 



                    ( my dog, namely KORO )




                    Thank you.          おじぎ の画像
















                    2017.09.03 Sunday

                    Part 4-1








                      АLonghorn beetle





                      👉 What is Longhorn Beetle?


                      Adults appear in May - September. Bite the bark, mainly pierce the main trunk below 60 cm above the ground to lay eggs. The larvae eat the inside of the trees, and since it puts out wood chips and feces from the hole of the tree, it can be said that it is easy to discover. Larvae take 2 years to adult. Larvae become pupae in trees.




                      👉 Damage to the longhorn beetle


                      Larvae (commonly known as Teppoumushi) keeps eating under the bark in trees. As a result, trunks and branches become hollows, they may break or die. Adults harm the soft bark of a new treetop, which may cause branches to die. Damage to young trees is great, and many trees besides citrus are harmed.




                      👉 Removal method 


                      If you find an adult, you kill it. Also, if a branch or trunk has a round scratch, crush the egg because the possibility of the egg laying part is high. If a hole opens in a branch or a trunk, and the wood chips etc. are squirting, there is a possibility that there are larvae, so we insert a wire etc. and kill it.




                      When using medicine, spray EMP emulsion and benica water-soluble material etc. from the middle of June to the middle of July when spawning begins. Scatter to the main trunk within 70 cm from the ground. In addition, wrapping palm fibers or newspapers around the trunk of 30 to 40 cm from the ground, it is also effective to prevent adult egg laying.











                      👉 What is Thrips


                      Even adults are small and 1-2 millimeters tall. Thrips repeats occurrence around 10 times a year. Larvae and adults suck juice of new buds, new leaves, flowers and fruit. Thrips occur frequently during high temperature and dryness in summer. So many thrips are born in a short period of time. Thrips prefers to inflict soft parts of plants.




                      👉 Damage to thrips


                      Thrips enter the flower and suck the juice. Buds are also targeted. As a result, the flowers do not flower, they become brown and wither. Moreover, the color may come out white. Leaves do not spread when thrips parasitize on sprouts. Fruits may have small spots on the skin. It may be like a scab. Be careful about virus mediation. At first glance, it is similar to the damage of spider mite, so to distinguish it we will check the insect.




                      👉 Removal method


                      In the visible phase, the medicine will show its effect, but if it gets into the flowers etc, the effect will be small. Pick up thrips and dispose of it. Thrips suck the juice mainly on the back of the leaves, so spray the medicine on the back of the leaves. You can also capture thrips by gluing a blue adhesive tape around the tree. You can prevent intrusion of thrips by sticking light reflection film etc around the tree.








                      6、Disease of the lemon









                      👉 Symptom


                      I see it in the period when it rains around June to September. Even in the high temperature period around August and the temperature falling after November, the spreading speed is slow. Bacteria of Melanose that live in the soil bounce back with rain and water and get stuck to the leaves on the bottom to infect them. It is also called early blight or black stars disease. When rain continues, Symptom frequently occurs. As the number of leaves decreases, the force of tree growth is weaken and flowers bloom less easily. It can be said that any fruit tree catch this disease. It is a disease that is particularly prone to young branches and leaves.




                      👉 Workaround


                      Immediately remove the diseased leaves, and also remove the falling leaves. I will wipe the medicine about every 3 days, about 3 to 4 times.




                      If all the leaves have fallen without correcting Melanose, organize the withered, thin, small branches and cut lightly the branches. It is effective to remove sick leaves that fell to the ground and give a lot of potash fertilizer. 




                      If sprout comes out after removing sick leaves, preventive medicine is sprayed to prevent recurrence. In the case of potted plants it is also effective to evacuate to a place not exposed to rain. It is also good to sterilize the ground surface. 




                      👉 Points to watch out for



                      a Clean the dead leaves and branches so that they do not fall on the root of the tree. 



                       Water the roots of the trees so that branches and leaves do not get wet.



                       Make sure that the tree does not hit the rain.



                       To prevent water from bouncing, lay multiple sheets etc.



                       If it finds out the occurrence, remove it, sprinkle the medicine to prevent spreading.



                       Do not make fertilizer run out.



                       Do not apply more nitrogen fertilizer at one time.





                      👉 An effective fungicide


                       Aerosol                         ; Ortran C, Benica DX etc.


                       Spraying agent           ; Benica X Spray etc.


                       Before it occurs          ; Daconille 1000 etc.


                       Early stage of onset  ; Supple emulsion etc.        






                      ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri





                      👉 Symptom


                      Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri prefers low temperature and it infects by rain and wind. It is a disease that occurs against a wide range of things, such as fruits, flowers and branches. Sometimes lesion spots are formed on the spring leaves, the center becoming cork and becoming rough. The surroundings are accompanied by a yellow blur. Especially, if a branch has a wound, it infects from there. On the branches of summer and autumn, Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri frequently occurs on the edible traces of Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).




                      👉 Workaround


                      This disease is a bacterial disease, and in order to prevent it, make sure that the plant does not get exposed to strong rain and wind, while allowing the wind to pass well. In the winter, we will cut away the dead branches and dispose of them. Drugs are not very effective, but the next drugs are sprayed once each before the onset of disease, just before flowering, immediately after flowering, during rainy season, when the typhoon is coming, spray it before it comes.




                      <Applicable drug>


                      Bordeaux solution

                      Copper wettable powder + carbonate lime

                      Streptomycin agent etc.





                       Elsinoë fawcettii





                      👉 Symptom

                      Elsinoë is common in violets and citrus fruits. Initially, a scab scar is formed on the leaves, stems and young branches, and many small white and brown round spots appear. As the spot gradually becomes 2 to 3 mm, the middle becomes scab-like in shape. When the disease progresses, in the case of leaves the spot will break and the hole will open, in the case of the branches it will deform and twist and shrink.




                      👉 Workaround


                      Pathogens are a type of filamentous fungus (mold). The scab which can be in the lesion part is the source of the spores. It will pass winter as it is. The temperature is around 22 to 24 ° C, and it is likely to occur if the ventilation is bad. Because it spreads out by rain, we prevent it by vinyl etc. to prevent leaves etc from hitting the rain. In addition, it removes branches and leaves with lesions that are a source of infection, also collects fallen leaves and incinerates it.




                      Mid to late April (germination period), late May (period when the flowers fall), and middle to late June. This three times, spray the following medicines.




                      <Applicable drug>


                      Dithianon wettable powder

                      Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                      Benomyl wettable powder, etc.





                      ぁGray mold





                      👉 Symptom


                      At the beginning, light brown spots like water seems to be formed. After that, spots will grow sharply and rot. As symptoms develop, gray and gray green molds will appear to cover lesions when wet. Gray mold crosses the winter on its plants with mycelium status. At around 20 degrees Celsius, it generates spores at times of heavy rain. Spores are scattered by the wind.




                      👉 Workaround


                      Because it occurs frequently in a humid environment, pruning is carried out as appropriate so that it does not become overgrown. Pay attention to ventilation. Apply to sunshine enough for potted plants. It is also effective to store the harvested fruit immediately after placing it in a well-ventilated place for 3-4 days without storing it immediately. The diseased part will be removed as soon as it is found, and if the damage is severe its all stump will be incinerated.




                      If you spread the following medicine before harvest you can prevent the onset.



                      <Applicable drug>


                      Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                      Benomyl wettable powder

                      Guazatine liquid medicine etc.





                      ァCercospora leaf mold





                      👉 Symptom


                      Like the soot is covered, the leaves, trunks and branch surfaces become black and dirty. The soot will gradually spread and the coating will cover the entire surface. Breathability and sunshine are poor, prefer a humid environment, Cercospora leaf mold occurs. There is something that happens parasitically on the excretion of sucking pests. And there is something that ingest nutrients directly from plants.




                      👉 Workaround


                      It is best not to leave insect pests (such as Coccoidea and aphids) that cause bacteria. Frequent pruning is important because it is likely to occur when breathability or sunshine is bad.




                      <Applicable drug>


                      Sumithion emulsion

                      Ortran wettable powder

                      Actilic emulsion etc.




                      👉 Painted Polymita eats it




                      "Painted Polymita(Kodama Maimai)" which is said to be the world's most beautiful snail eats "Cercospora leaf mold". However, it is difficult to continue to give "Cercospora leaf mold" as a food. In addition, it appeared in Annex I in the Washington Treaty of 2016, it became difficult to import, it seems to be difficult to use as a beneficial insect.






                      7、Diagnosis due to the symptom



                       A leaf is yellow


                      The leaves slowly turn yellow, and then it falls down, there are cases of leaf lifetime. However, there seems to be a possibility that the roots are damaged.




                      < Cause yellow leaves >


                      ・ Leaf lifetime

                      ・ Root rot

                      ・ Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen shortage)

                      ・ Water shortage

                      ・ Sunlight is strong

                      ・ The temperature is low

                      ・ Spider mite smoked leaf juice, etc.



                      We must take measures against each factor. However, once a leaf turns yellow, even if you take measures, there is nothing to return to green again. If you want to return to green, leave a few leaves at the tip and remove other yellow leaves. The young trees of lemon grow branches and leaves well (tree is strong). Sprouts come out relatively soon and only become green leaves.






                      👉 Roots are damaged



                      Leaves gradually turn yellow and eventually fall. If the number is small, it is the life span of the leaves, but if there are many, the root may be damaged.





                      👉 The temperature is low



                      It gradually withers from the tip and becomes crisp. If it falls below minus 3 ℃ it will be more likely to occur.





                      👉 Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen deficiency)




                      The green gradually becomes thin, and when it is terrible it turns yellow as a whole. The cause may have a reason other than just a single element such as nitrogen is missing.





                      👉 Manganese deficiency etc.




                      The veins of a leave will yellow. If the condition is bad it will cause abnormal fallen leaves. There is a possibility that the alkalinity of the soil is high.






                      ◆Leaves are partly yellow


                        * Five elements of fertilizer




                      1、Nitrogen (It becomes the basis of the protein necessary for the new organization to grow)



                      Nitrogen is mainly effective for growing plants. Especially it makes leaves bigger, it is said to be fertilizer for leaves (HAGOE). If it is too much, it will become spindly growth and weak and will be more vulnerable to pests. Growth will be worse if it is not enough. The green becomes thin (it decomposes leaves' proteins and reuses them), the leaves become pale yellow. (It will turn yellow from the lower leaves close to the ground) 





                      Nitrogen is easy to starve so be careful!



                      a. Nitrogen becomes nitrate nitrogen due to the action of microorganisms in the soil,

                            and it flows away with rain.




                      b. When cow manure compost containing sawdust was applied, when the amount of cow dung

                            is small relative to the amount of sawdust, microorganisms ingest nitrogen as food.



                      As mentioned above, even if 3 elements are applied, nitrogen may be deficient, so be careful.





                      2、phosphoric acid



                      Phosphoric acid mainly relates to flowering and fruiting. It is said to be flower fertilizer (HANAGOE) or fruit fertilizer (MIGOE). Too much phosphoric acid will deplete iron, magnesium and zinc. On the other hand, less phosphoric acid causes delayed flowering and fruiting due to poor growth, and fruit quality and yield decrease. Phosphoric acid excess promotes potassium deficiency and induces iron deficiency.








                      It is said to be root fertilizer (NEGOE) as it mainly relates to root development and adjustment of osmotic pressure within the cell. Because it is easy to flow because of its water solubility, it is effective if you gradually apply it. When the potassium is insufficient, dead leaves and fallen leaves are seen early (it turns yellow from the edge of the leaf and its surroundings), it becomes more susceptible to disease. In addition, the growth of the roots becomes worse, it becomes easy to cause root rot.





                      4、Calcium (lime)


                      Calcium mainly works to strengthen the cell wall and strengthen disease resistance of crops. Since the soil of the field gradually tends to be gradually acidic, be sure to mix it according to the acidity (pH) of the soil before planting. If you can keep the soil in a state close to neutrality, the roots are good and you can increase the beneficial bacteria of soil microorganisms. Calcium deficiency seems to occur easily due to excessive nitrogen or lack of water.







                      It is a substance indispensable for the formation of chlorophyll which synthesizes carbohydrates. If it is insufficient, the generation of chlorophyll decreases and the photosynthesis works worse. It also serves as an active agent for important enzymes in the body. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency are characterized by chlorosis (leaving whitening due to loss of chlorophyll) between leaf veins. In other words, the pulse of the leaf is still green, but the space between the pulse of the leaf and the pulse becomes yellow and it looks like a pattern of a tiger. For magnesium deficiency symptoms, it seems effective to spray magnesium on the leaf face.




                      Leaves may become yellow due to excess or deficiency of nutrients.


                      Please refer to the above.





                      Especially in my lemon trees, yellowing stopped by applying magnesium(dolomitic lime).


                      I think that it is important to look at the state of the leaves and seek the cause.





                      👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer



                      👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.







                       Flowers fall (flowers do not bloom)


                      ぁThe fruit drops



                      The following problems are considered as causes of and .





                      👉 Saplings are too young.



                       「"It takes a long time for fruit for the first time"


                       Please refer to this blog post. 




                      👉 There is a problem with daily management.


                         ・ Lack of sunshine


                        ・ Cold protection measures


                        ・ Water shortage / root rot


                        ・ Excess or shortage of fertilizer




                      👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.


                        「It takes a long time for fruit for the first time」


                        「Pruning lemon」         See the article.




                      👉 Lemon could not pollinate.




                      👉  A biennial bearing.


                        Including explanation of Physiological fruit drop (June drop)




                      👉 I pruned too much.




                      The reason why flowers and fruits fall are various as described above. In order to respond to it, I would like to observe the condition of lemon trees sufficiently and also to understand what kind of way of raising now. For example, I'd like to confirm "how much did you harvest last year," "When and how much fertilization was done," "how did you prune branches?" etc.





                      I think that it is difficult to accurately determine the cause, but I would like to respond appropriately by observing and verifying every day. I am planning to record the state of the monthly every month. How many years passed after purchasing seedlings? What is the condition of the lemon tree at that time?

                      You can observe from various perspectives.





                      I hope for your reference.





                      8、Monthly work, monthly record



                      I try to keep monthly growth record.

                      I would like to mention here about the work to be done monthly by month.


                      It is written in Japanese, but if you do not mind, please read it.



                      "From here" can come in.














                      Thank you very much for reading


                      through to the end.





                      Based on this blog "How to grow lemon"


                      I would like to continue


                      verification of lemon cultivation.





                      I hope to update this blog every time


                      I can check the results.





                      If you refer to this blog on occasion,


                      I am very pleased.





                      Thank you very much. 


















                      2017.07.16 Sunday

                      トヨタ ノアハイブリッドGを買ってみた。 ナビはアルパイン ビッグX9型を載せてみた。





                        トヨタ ノアハイブリッドGを買ってみた。


                        ナビはアルパイン ビッグX9型を載せてみた。






                        車を買い替える事にしました。 ネコ ゴロゴロ の画像











                        後は、個人的な好き嫌いでしょうか。 目玉 の画像








                        ご参考になれば幸いです。 お星さま の画像














                        カスタマイズカーかと思う程です。 笑っ の画像










                        お顔がきりっとした感じがしませんか? 目玉 の画像



















                        2列目をぐっと後ろまで下げられるようになった所とか( ^ω^)・・・












                        運転席からだけかと思っていました。 ^^;











































































                        Toyota Safety Senseに関するボタンです。
























































































                        暗くて、見えにくいです!  夏だよ。子供だよ。汗だく の画像






















                        アルパイン ビッグXを載せてみました。































                        首が痛くなる心配もないような気がします。 漢字だよ。笑 の画像















                        こんなに大きく見えるのに!! てst の画像




























                        ハイブリッド車で、スペアタイヤを積んだら、もう無い!と思っておいて良いかと・・・ ^^;




                        < 前のノア >



                        < 今回のノア >









                        以前はボディの下側に設置されていましたが、電気部品の設置の為、この場所での格納になったとか( ^ω^)・・・









                        自転車2台は、軽く積めるところが凄いのですが。 アンパンマン 載せました の画像














                        すごく汚い、だらしない!! 感じです。







                        < 2列目シート 肩から出てきます >



                        < 3列目シート ボディの壁から >











































                        宜しくお願いします。 おじぎ の画像





















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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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                        • 花柚子の実が黄色くなりました。平成30年度 今年の出来栄え。
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