2018.03.02 Friday

I tried to grow a lemon from a cutting! I also tried to record the growth after that!

0

    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

     

     

     


    I tried to grow a lemon from a cutting!

     

    I also tried to record the growth after that!


     

     

     

     

    「MOMOKURISANNEN KAKIHACHINEN」 It is a Japanese famous proverb.

     

    "Peaches and chestnuts take 3 years to produce fruit, persimmon takes 8 years."

     

    is what it means.

     

    That is, ” it often takes time to bear the fruit of one’s actions .“

     

     

     

    In the continuation of this proverb,

     

    there is the word "Yuzu takes nine years for many flowers to bloom".

     

    In other words, Yuzu means that it is necessary for nine years to produce fruit.

     

     

     

    Well, when did I plant "Yuzu" in my garden?

     

    I did not remember well.

     

     

    I asked my wife.

     

    My wife replied,

     

    "When you went to a shop selling seedlings and flowers a few years ago,

     

    you should have bought impulses."

     

     

     

     

    I did not make it clear,

     

    but I think that about ten years have passed since planting Yuzu.

     

     

    I bought without thinking anything and I planted Yuzu without thinking anything.

     

    Is it because of that?

     

    I do not remember whether Yuzu's tree had fruit thereafter. 

     

     

    I guess that was indifferent.

     

    Originally I am such a human being.

     

     

     

    However, I remember one.

     

    Last year, four to five pieces became fruit.

     

    I tried to eat it when the skin color was green.

     

    At that time, I was taught that "Yuzu is taken after the skin turns yellow."

     

     

     

    「Yuzu did not produce fruits for roughly ten years. And last time,

     

     Yuzu bear fruit last year.」 

     

    Was it that thing?

     

     

     

    I did not remember enough that I was planting Yuzu,

     

    and I did something very rude to Yuzu. 

     

    In comparison with Lemon, I began to be aware of Yuzu's existence. しょんぼり

     

     

     

     

    Because of that,

     

    I tried again to compare the trunk of Yuzu with the trunk of lemon.

     

     

    < The trunk of lemon >



     

     

    < The trunk of Yuzu >

     

     

     

    The approaching degree when photographing is slightly different,

     

    but the trunk of yuzu is growing thicker as a matter of course.

     

     

    Also, it seems that this is due to the difference in type,

     

    but it seems that the roots are separated and firmly sticking to the ground.

     

    I do not think that I will support Yuzu's trunk with an iron bar like a lemon.

     

     

     

    It is said that it takes a considerable amount of time for lemon to bear many fruits

     

    from branches of various heights ...

     

     

     

    If this lemon tree becomes useless...

     

     

     

    If it is hurt by a longhorn beetle,

     

    or if cold correspondence is not enough ...

     

     

    Possible ...

     

     

     

     

    I decided to prepare for the unexpected situation.

     

    Increase lemon trees.

     

    It is necessary for several years if it responds after it becomes useless.

     

     

     

    Then, which is better with garden planting and potted planting?

     

    It seems there are merits and demerits in each, so I wanted to try potting as well.

     

     

     

    There were other arrangements too ...

     

    I worked in the garden for about 3 hours.

     

    I worked around 12: 30 ~ 15: 30.

     

    Hot time.

     

    A bit sad, ...

     

     

    1、I cut branches from the current lemon tree.

     

      I chose a branch that seems to be intertwined in the future,if I did not do anything.

     

     

     

     

     

    Branches of fresh feeling at the tip of the branch and soft branches under extension

     

    seem not to be suitable because they tend to decay after cutting.

     

    It seems that it is better to use the one where the growth of branches ceased

     

    and the leaves developed and settled ...

     

     

     

    However, as I said above,

     

    I took out branches that would be tangled if the branches stretched like this and used them.

     

    Will roots grow properly?

     

     

     

    2、I made this branch 10 to 15 cm in length.

     

      And cut the lower half of the branch.

     

      Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

     

      (To suppress evaporation)

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Short branches were made,

     

    but I decided not to throw it away so as to figure out what happens.

     

     

     

    3、I soaked this branch in a bucket filled with water.

     

      I tried to soak for about 1 hour.

     

     






    4、I pulled a branch out of the water and cut the lower tip of the branch diagonally. 

     

      To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

     

      and to expand the area where the roots come out.

     

     

     



    5、Root promoter was attached to the cut lower tip.

     

     

     




    住友化学園芸 さし木の発根促進剤!ルートン 15g入【ガーデニング・園芸・肥料】【農薬】
     

     

     

    6、I put soil dedicated to sowing and planted the branch in the soil.

     

     

     


     

     

     

     






    丸石:花ごころ さし芽種まきの土 12L MI1723

     

     

    When inserting, in order to prevent the rooting promoter from being removed,

     

    the hole was dug and the branch was inserted and covered with soil.

     

    Then I did the water, but the soil was not solid, the branches tilted,

     

    so I watered it while holding the branches with my hand.

     

     

     

    It seems good to put in a place where wind is hard to hit and sunshine is low,

     

    so I put it in the shade of the front door.

     

    From now on, I will try not to forget watering every morning and evening.

     

     

     

    It is about 2 months from now.

     

    Also, pleasure has increased.

     

     

     

     


    Surely, surely,

     

    I hope the root grows ...

     

     

     

     

     

    Next article in this article,

     

    「Cutting of lemon 42 days after・・・」

     

    is here.

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 「How to grow lemon」is my Blog posts.

     

     

    If you have time, please read through! !

     

     

    「How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.」

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

     

     

     

    I can also exert myself、

     

     

    if you push this banner!! 

     

     

    ( my dog, namely KORO )

     

     

     

    Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

     

     

    顔だよ。困る

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2018.02.11 Sunday

    Yuzu, or flower Yuzu? There were kinds in Yuzu! What kind of Yuzu is my yuzu?

    0

      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

       

       

       


      Yuzu, or flower Yuzu?

       

       There were kinds in Yuzu!

       

           What kind of Yuzu is my yuzu?


       

       

       

      Yuzu fruit has turned yellow in color.

       

       

       

      The lemon color still has a little green,

       

      but it became a color of Yuzu that can be said as "perfect yellow".

       

       

       

      So, yesterday,

       

      I picked up the smallest fruit and put it in a shochu split.

       

       

       

      Very good fragrance and juice that seems to be really tasty.

       

      It is completely different from "Pokka lemon" always put in! 

       

       

       

      "This is delicious! I want to drink many cups!"

       

       

      (Pokka lemon is also delicious ^^;)

       

       

      ・・・・・・・・・・・

       

       

      The doubts gnawed at me.

       

      Do I really know the taste?

       

       

      Until now, Yuzu was a fruit somehow planted in the garden.

       

      However, Yuzu has been subject to blog since May this year. 

       

       

      About half a year, I have watched the yuzu day after day observing and growing up.

       

      If the leaves turn yellow, I am worried, so I did fertilizer.

       

      If flowers bloom, I was delighted,

       

      and I was delighted if fruits were attached.

       

      There is no doubt that an enormous attachment has been born.

       

       

       

      That's why I felt delicious?

       

       

       

      Or was it really delicious as the fruits were fully ripening while becoming trees?

       

       

       

      My second son was impressed.

       

      「This shochu is very delicious! !」

       

       

      ・・・

       

      He is a senior in high school.

       

      He is a preparatory student.

       

      Parents are bad・・・

       

      This is between us, okay?

       

      ・・・

       

       

      He usually does not drink at all.

       

      Shochu・・・ ^^;

       

      It seems that it is not tasty.

       

      Why are you going to drink like this?  As much as asking.

       

       

      However, the shochu containing Yuzu harvested at our home seems to be very delicious.

       

       

       

       

       

      Is there anything more than my attachment I feel?

       

       

       

       

      With that thought, I thought about looking for another Yuzu and trying to compare the difference in taste.

       

      I do not know where Yuzu is sold.

       

      Even on Saturday, let's go looking.

       

       

       

      Thinking about that,

       

      when searching on the net,

       

      I was concerned about the size of the fruit.

       

       

       

      The size of Yuzu is about oranges.

       

      The size of flower Yuzu is about ping-pong ball.

       

       

       

      My Yuzu is the biggest one, but its width is about 5.2 cm.

       

      Ping-pong ball · · ·

       

       

       

       

      eh?  My Yuzu is not Yuzu???

       

       

       

      November 3rd. Yuzu photographed during the day.

       

       

       

      It is Yuzu which took a picture right now.

       

       

       

       

       

      Embarrassingly, I learned the existence of flower Yuzu for the first time.

       

       

       

      If Yuzu was placed in front of me,

       

      I could only recognize the difference in degree,

       

      whether it was a big Yuzu or a small Yuzu.

       

       

       

      I thought that Yuzu, = Yuzu.

       

      It was sad.

       

       

      I instinctively told my wife.

       

      Apparently, my Yuzu seems to be a flower Yuzu ...

       

       

      What is it?

       

       

      I always thought that it was Yuzu and raised it ...

       

       

       

       

      My wife murmured.

       

      「Which Yuzu is it OK・・・」

       

      「Because it was delicious・・・」

       

       

       

      ・・・・・・・・・・・・

       

       

      Which Yuzu is it OK。。。

       

       

      Well, maybe so・・・

       

       

       

      But, I kind of think like this.

       

      Though I thought that it was "Dorcus hopei binodulosus(Ookuwagata)" and grow larvae, in fact, it would be like Dorcus rectus(Kokuwagata) "...

       

       

       

      Something little loneliness will come in ...

       

       

       

       

       

      There was nothing I could do if it was about two months ago.

       

       

      However, by a remote possibility, now ...

       

       

      "Is this Yuzu or Flower Yuzu?"

       

      I thought it might be taught so I took up it in today's article.

       

       

       

       

       

      I feel a bit scary...

       

      After all, it seems like either way ...

       

       

       

      Let's go to the supermarket this weekend.

       

      I would like to compare Yuzu's fruit juice by buying Yuzu.

       

       

       

       

       

       

      👉  A future story・・・

       

       

      I was able to tell which Yuzu is my Yuzu.

       

      A comment from that person (a friend of the blog) is here.

       

       

      「You came out smelling of roses. For shochu, flower Yuzu may fit exactly. Flower Yuzu has more fruit juice than Yuzu and smells soft. Because there are times when a soft scent is better than a scent that is too strong. Yuzu may be better to use Yuzu's peel to add a smell of cooking.

       

       

       

       

      Oh, I get it.

       

      If I think on the premise of eating directly,

       

      flower Yuzu is more juice,

       

      taste is "slightly",

       

      just that it is good!

       

       

       

       

      Later, I asked my friend to eat my flower Yuzu to confirm the taste of flower Yuzu.

       

      It was a response that compatibility with shochu was preeminent.

       

       

       

      When he put it in sake, it was very delicious.

       

      I have not tried it yet...

       

       

       

       

       

       

      👉 「How to grow lemon」is my Blog posts.

       

       

      If you have time, please read through! !

       

       

      「How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.」

       

       

       

       

       

       

      👉 Various kinds of yuzu

       

       

      *Yuzu TADANISHIKI  4.5号pot

       

       

      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

      果樹の苗/ユズ(柚子):タダニシキ(多田錦)4.5号ポット
      価格:1946円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/30時点)

       

       

       

       

      *Flower Yuzu large seedling 5th grade

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      *Lion Yuzu large seedling 3rd grade

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      *Kabosu 8号pot

       

       

      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

      果樹の苗/鉢植え果樹 カボス8号鉢植え
      価格:9564円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/30時点)

       

       

       

       

       

      *Yuzu TADANISHIKI 3rd grade

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

       

       

       

      I can also exert myself、

       

       

      if you push this banner!! 

       

       

      ( my dog, namely KORO )

       

       

       

      Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

       

       

      顔だよ。困る

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      2018.01.22 Monday

      How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

      0

        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

         

         

         

         

         

         


         How to grow a lemon.

         

          While a beginner inspect

         

                     the cultivation method.

         


         

         

         

        〜 Introduction 〜

         

         

         

        Lemon flowers will fall.

        The attached fruits will fall.

        Leaves turn yellow and fall.

         

         

        Do I have to plow the soil?

        How about tailoring a lemon tree?

        How do I prune a lemon tree?

        How good is fertilizer?

        How can I protect it from pests and diseases?

         

         

         

        Various problems

         

        and various doubts.

         

         

         

        I actually tried it myself

        and

        tried to see what happened.

         

         

         

        In what condition now,

        What did you do,

        What was the outcome?

         

         

         

        I would like to continue verification

         

        until a satisfactory result is obtained.

         

         

         

         

         

        Please push the blue sentence in Index

         

        and read the airtcle.

         

         

         

         

         

        ■ Index

         

        1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

         

          Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

         

        I went to Shimanami Kaido!

         

         

         

        2、The history of the lemon

         

        🔎 The first lemon

         

        🔎 A lemon came over to Japan.

         

         

         

        3、About how to grow a lemon.

         

          On the cultivation of the lemon.

         

        👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

           of the lemon

         

        👉 The tree bears fruit with one

         

        👉 Time is necessary before it bears a

           fruit for the first time

         

         

        How to buy young plants, various kinds

         

        👉 A stick seedling and large seedling

         

        👉 When should we buy a seedling?

         

        👉 How to choose good young plants

         

        ・「Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds」

         

         

         Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

         

        👉 How much is the quantity of

         

           fertilization?

         

         a. requires a lot of manure

         

         b. organic quality compound fertilizer

         

           in about February

         

         c. almost same quantity

         

         d. method to sprinkle manure

         

        👉 Careful about manure desperation

         

        👉 The measurement of the acidity

         

        👉 Effective microorganisms

         

        The article,

         

        ・ 「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

         

        ・ 「I made EM manure!」

         

        ・ 「I made EM wash!」 

         

        ・ 「I tried fertilizer in November!」 

         

        ・ 「I surround organic quality compound fertilizer in about February

                (initial fertilization).」 

         

        Watering

         

         

        Do you plant a lemon in the garden?

         

          Or,is it a potted plant?

         

        ・ Easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant

         

         

        ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

         

        👉 Proper time for plantation

         

        👉 Place to plant a seedling

         

        👉 Plantation

         

        👉 How to fix forms of the tree

         

         

        АHow to plant a lemon in pots

         

        👉 Proper time for plantation

         

        👉 A large seedling is suitable for a potted plant

         

        👉 Various bowls

         

        👉 Soil to use

         

        👉 Plantation methods

         

         

        How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

         

        👉 Article of the transplantation that I tried.

         

         

         Care for flower and bud

         

          (I work on pollination)

         

        👉 About pollination

         

        👉 Care for flower and bud

         

        ・Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

         

        ・The fruit grows only once a year

         

        ・Incomplete flowers bloom

         

        ・The article「Finally blooming flowers!」

         

        ・The article「I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.」

         

         

         Cutting of the lemon

         

        ・The article 「I tried cutting with lemon!」

         

        ・The article 「Cutting of lemon 54 days later... 」

         

         

         Grafted tree of the lemon

         

        👉 "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

         

        ・ The article 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!」

         

        ・ The article 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!」

         

         

         The pruning of the lemon

         

        👉 Purpose of pruning

         

        👉 Pruning lemon Suitable period · · · February - March

         a. Reduce the spread of trees

         b. Cut out unnecessary branches

         c. Cut the tip of a long branch

         

        👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

               and Pruning in summer

         

        👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

         

        ・The article「I tried pruning!」

         

        ・The article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating

         「To improve the fruit of next year!」

         

         

         Cold measures

         

        👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

         

        👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

         

        ・The article 「the measures against cold!」

         

         

         Lemon cultivation and insects

         

        ・ Ladybug

        ・ Mantis

        ・ larvaes of green lacewing

        ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)

        ・ Spider

        ・ Tree frog

        ・ Pillbug

        ・ Earwigs

         

         

         

        、Pest of the lemon

         

         Coccoidea

         

        Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

         

         Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

         

        Bell moth

         

        Aphid

         

        ΑSpider Mite

         

        АLonghorn beetle

         

        Thrips

         

         

         

        、Disease of the lemon

         

         Melanose

         

        Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

         

         Elsinoë fawcettii

         

        Gray mold

         

        Cercospora leaf mold

         

        👉 Painted Polymita eats it

         

         

         

        、Diagnosis due to the symptom

         

         A leaf is yellow

         

        👉 Leaf photos by type of disease

         

         

        The spots of the leaf is yellow

         

        👉 Five elements of fertilizer

           a. Nitrogen

           b. Phosphoric acid

           c. Potassium

           d. Calcium (lime)

           e. Magnesium

         

        👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer.

         

        👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

         

         

         Flowers falls

         

          (flowers do not bloom)

         

        ぁThe fruit drops

         

         

        👉 Saplings are too young.

         

        👉 There is a problem with daily management.

         

        👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

         

        👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

         

        👉  A biennial bearing.

         

        👉 I pruned too much.

         

         

         

        Monthly work, monthly record

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        I grow a lemon from now on.

         

         

        I want to update this blog each time.

         

         

        I am so glad if you read my article

         

         

        when you have some problems to grow.

         

         

         

         

        Thank you very much

         

        for reading this article today.

         

         

         

         

         

        Korolemon

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Please push the lower banner

         

        ( my pet namely KORO )

         

        if you think that

         

        this article is even a little interesting.

         

         

         

        Then I can do my best from now on

         

        because a ranking of the blog may rise!

         

         

         

        I will be grateful for any help

         

        you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

         

         

         

         

         


        にほんブログ村

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        2018.01.07 Sunday

        How to prune lemon tree. To improve the fruit of next year!

        0

          JUGEMテーマ:家庭

           

           

           

           

          〜 How to prune lemon tree. 〜

           

              To improve the fruit of next year!

           

           

           

           

          1、Purpose of pruning lemon trees

           

           

          Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.

           

           Make the tree compact.

           

          Improve sunshine and ventilation and reduce pest and disease damage.

           

           Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.

           

           

          It has the effect as above.

           

           

           

          Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that it will hardly die even if it fails a bit, so let's actively challenge!

           

           

           

           

          2、The optimum period of pruning lemon  ⇒ February - March

           

           

          The optimum period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.

           

           

           

          The contents of pruning are as follows for both garden plant and potted plant.

           

           

           

           Reduce the spread of trees.

           

           

          If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc.

           

           

           

          If you want to trains lemon trees in the shape of HENSOKUSHUKAN, pruning the trees after the fourth year and stopping the core.

           

           

           

          In order to suppress the height of the tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year.

           

           

           

          Also, it is important to completely cut all parts where branches are divided.

          If some branches are left, the remaining part (protruding part) withers and there is a possibility that it will wither to an important part.

           

           

           

          Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches.

           

           

           

          By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Moreover, the fruits are less likely to live for several years.

           

           

          So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered in 2 to 3 year plan.

           

           

           

           

          ◆Cut off unnecessary branches
           

           

          After the work of " Reducing tree spread" is completed, next unnecessary branches are cut off.

           

           

           

          However, if you cut too many branches, fruit of that year will decrease, besides, long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year, and fruits will decrease after the next year, so be careful.

           

           

           

          The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.

          Also, here we need to preferentially cut out branches that are unlikely to produce fruit in the pruned year. Branches that have become fruit this season, summer branches and autumn branches tend to have less fruit. So we cut those branches preferentially.

           

           

           

          Spring branches that do not have traces of fruit should be preferentially left.

           

           

           

           

           

           Truncate the tip of a long branch

           

           


          Choose only the long branches (over 25 cm) of the branches left after the work in ~ above and cut down about ⅓ of the tip. By truncating, many branches of appropriate length will occur in spring of pruned year

           

           

           

          Why are we cutting down only long branches because the long branches over 25 cm use most of the nutrition for the growth of the branches, so they do not attract much flower buds. By truncating it produces a full branch and fruits will be grown the following year.

           

           

           

          Conversely, if a branch that has not grown long is cut too much at its tip, the fruit will not be formed in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds bloom only near the tip of a branch. So be careful if you cut the branches too long, you will lose a lot of flower buds. 

           

           

           

           

          3、Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

           

            and summer pruning

           

           

           

          Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending from March to June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October.

           

           

           

          Fruit sticks to spring branch in that year. Even spring branches that did not produce fruits will be useful because they will bloom in the following year and produce fruits. 

           

           

           

          Because summer branches tend to become long branches, only a few flowers and fruits will be formed even in the next spring.

           

           

           

          Because autumn branches have poor growth, they do not almost bloom.

           

           

           

          Since both the summer branch and the autumn branch are unnecessary, at the same time as it was born, cut it from the base. (Pruning in summer)

           

           

           

          It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary.

           

           

           

          Please be aware that summer branches grow to over 25 cm and the cross section of summer branches and autumn branches tends to be triangular.

           

           

           

           

          4、After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

           

           

          When the above steps to are completed, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision to prevent withering by pruning and invasion of pathogens.

           

          (You can apply a fusion accelerator while cutting.)

           

           

           

          The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerating agent is gradually solidified when it is applied and comes into contact with air. 

           

           

           

          If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive.

           

           

           

          For those who are hard to apply to all cuts, it is better to preferentially apply to the part with a diameter of 1 cm or more. 

           

          *When it adheres to clothes etc, it is very hard to remove,

           so be careful not to touch it until it solidifies! !

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          Here is an article that I tried pruning in practice!

           

          I pruned lemon!

           

          If you have time, please read through.

           

           

           

          ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

           

           

          A comment received at a later date!

           

           

          About withering by branching pruning.

           

           

          Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches (leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.

           

           

          There are many people who do not know well about this attention of pruning. 

           

           

          The branch part that left a little leaves the path of nutrients and there is no leaf naturally so you can not accumulate assimilation nutrients.

           

           

           

          There is attention with pruning of lemon.

           

           

          Lemon is introvert.

           

          There is a habit of attaching fruits to thin inner branches.

           

          When pruning the lemon, please also leave thin inner branches

           

           

           

          This is what I learned for the first time.

           

          I was cutting the thin inner branch during pruning.

          To make it well-ventilated.

           

           

          I would like to pay attention to it.

           

           

           

           

           

          I summarized how to grow lemon.

           

          「How to grow a lemon.」

           

          You can read it, Here」!!

           

           

           

           

          ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

           

           

           

           

           

          Please push the lower banner

           

          ( my pet namely KORO )

           

          if you think that

           

          this article is even a little interesting.

           

           

           

          Then I can do my best from now on

           

          because a ranking of the blog may rise!

           

           

           

          I will be grateful for any help

           

          you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

           

           

           

           

           


          にほんブログ村

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          2018.01.03 Wednesday

          Part 3-2

          0

            JUGEMテーマ:家庭

             

             

             

             

            4、Pest of the lemon

             

             

             Coccoidea

             

             

             

             

            👉 What is a coccoidea?

             

            Coccoidea is the same classification as cicadas, aphids, stink bugs etc. The proliferation becomes popular in the spring warming May - July, and it gets dormant when the winter cold season comes. Coccoidea prefer dark and narrow environments where winds do not pass much and are dusty. So, when branches get crowded, cut the branches so that the wind passes well. Also, let the sun come into contact with the inside.

             

             

             

            The coccoideas are small insects about 2 - 10 mm in length, inserting their mouths into leaves and stems, sucking sap and growing. Moreover, it does not move almost after parasitic on plants.

             

             

             

            👉 If you leave the coccoideas・・

             

            There are direct damage and indirect damage. The direct damage is that the coccoideas attached to the trees impair the aesthetic appearance. And, the tree sap is sucked and has an adverse effect on the growth of the tree. When the number of parasitism is large, the way new treetops and new leaves get bad and sometimes wither.

             

             

             

            Indirect damage is that "soot disease" breeds on the excrement and the leaves turn black. In addition to deteriorating the aesthetic appearance, the photosynthesis which is important to plants is hindered and the growth becomes bad. In addition, it induces "Koyaku disease" that velvet-like objects seem to have adhered to the parasitic places of the branches.

             

             

             

            👉 Removal method

             

            ・When spraying lubricant emulsifiable concentrate etc. around January

               it is possible to suppress occurrence of coccoidea.

             

             

            During larvae, pesticides etc. are effective because they cover nothing. Since larvae hatched from eggs are weak against drugs, they can also be exterminated with Ortran wettable powder, actelic emulsion and so on. It seems difficult to judge when larvae have appeared. Even if the appearance of the coccoidea can not be seen, it seems that even if it is sprayed at the rate of about 2 to 3 times a month from May to July as a guide, it will be no longer around August.

             

             

             

            ・Rub it off with a toothbrush.

             

            The more adults become, the more nutrition and excrement accumulates, the shell covers the body. As shells are made, the medicine becomes less effective, so it seems that the method of rubbing and dropping is effective. I rub it off with a toothbrush. Coccoidea peeled off from the branch leaves its mouth in the branch, so it can not be fed afterwards and dies.

             

             

             

             

            ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

             

             

             

             

            Perhaps it is the greatest enemy of lemon? The larvae have a strong appetite and eat leaves. If there are several larvae, they will eat most of the leaves of one branch in a short time. It goes without saying that a lot of leaves are necessary to raise lemon fruit. Also, if the number of leaves is small, the growth of trees is also hindered. It is good to remove it as soon as you find the larva. Special attention is required after adults have visited.

             

             

             

            As the larva grows the medicine becomes less effective. So it is basically to spray medicines early. If larvae of April - May and October are young, there will be little damage and seem to get rid of easily.

             

             

             

            If the lemon trees are big, even if the larva of the swallowtail butterfly is attached, it is eaten by the natural enemy, so it will not increase so much. So, it seems necessary to pay particular attention to the time of young trees.

             

             

             

             

             

             Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

             

             

             

             

            👉 What is Ekakimushi (means Drawing insects) ?

             

            It is called alias "Ekakimushi" in order to leave a trace of food damage as if a larva of Leafminer or Agromyzidae drew a picture on a leaf. "Leafminer" attached to lemon is often "Citrus leafminer". And, when Citrus leafminer becomes a pupa, it folds the leaves and spends them.

             

             

             

            The damage of Citrus leafminer is often seen in the leaves of the shoots that occur after the summer. The leaves of the shoots that occur in the spring are hardly damaged. It seems to be because it is before the temperature rises.

             

             

             

            Citrus leafminer, as adults, will cross the winter at the back of the leaves or between the bark. The following reasons are cited as reasons for less damage on branches and leaves of spring. It seems that it is said that it is because the survival rate is low because it dies in cold during overwinter or because it is eaten by something.

             

             

             

            👉 Damage to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

             

            By being eaten by Citrus leafminer, trees will never die. However, the shape of the leaves may be distorted, causing fallen leaves, poor growth. If you do not take care of it, damage will spread quickly. On the other hand, there is also a statement that "Most of the orange farmers do not exterminate the citrus leafminer, leaving them alone." This seems to be because there is little damage to the spring branch where the fruit is growing, and it is trying to stretch only the spring branch.

             

             

             

            👉 Removal method

             

            Because ekkimushi is inside the epidermal tissue of leaves, pesticides are hard to be effective. Because there are larvae at the tip of the traces of eating, we crush and kill that part with fingers, tweezers etc etc.

             

             

             

             

            <Cultivar control method>

             

            ◆Remove unnecessary summer and autumn branches.

             

             

             

            <Drug control method>

             

            ◆Control with mospiran water solvent or Admire flowable etc. every 2 weeks.

             

            ◆For young trees, distribute Akutara water solvent 25 times solution etc. to the main trunk.

             

             

             

             

            Besides this, it seems that there are such things as Calphos emulsion (isoxathione), Spinoose Flowable (Spinosad, wettable powder), Mospiran water solvent (Acetamiprid), Elsan emulsion (PAP) etc that are often used to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

             

             

             

             

             

             

            ぁBell moth

             

             

             

             

            👉 What is Bell moth? (Hamakimushi)

             

             

            Hamakimushi is a larva of the bell moth. Representative bell moth are Homona magnanima, Adoxophyes orana etc. Roll the leaves with threads that they put out, live in it, and eat leaves and sprouts. Repeated occurrences 4-5 times a year, adults and larvae always occur between April and October.

             

             

             

            👉 Damage of Bell moth

             

            Bell moth rolls leaves, it eats leaves and sprouts together. Also, beauty is also impaired.

             

             

             

            👉 Removal method

             

            Crush the larvae in the rolled leaves and get rid of them. It is also effective to crush larvae wrapped in leaves during the inactive winter.

             

             

            When using medicine, periodically spray Sumithione emulsion, Oltrran solution / wettable powder, marathon emulsion etc. once or twice a month at the time of occurrence in April to October.

             

             

             

             

             

            ァAphid

             

             

             

             

            👉 What is aphids?

             

            Aphids parasitic on new plant buds and new branches and leaves behind, and sucking nutrients in plants. There are so many kinds, there are more than 700 kinds. Aphids are representative pests parasitic on plants. Since aphids occur in large quantities and harm plants, the damage can not be ignored and the growth of plants becomes markedly worse.

             

             

             

            There is a period of breeding only by females, and when the spawning season comes, males appear, mate eggs and overwinter with eggs. Especially in the early spring, breeding is remarkable, it occurs extensively. In the breeding season, female adults directly bred several female larvae to several to tens of larvae a day. Moreover, since larvae become adults in a few days, even if there is only one, there will be a great many numbers in a few days.

             

             

             

            Because aphids are weak against heat, they are not seen much in the summer. In the beginning of the summer, aphids with wings are born and moved to another place. In autumn it will return and repeat breeding.

             

             

             

            👉 Damage by aphids

             

            Aphids suck and damage plants juice. As a result, new leaves do not spread sufficiently, growth of stems is compromised, and growth becomes worse. As representative damage, growth of new buds shrinks, leaves are rolling, etc. When the winged aphid that has inhaled the juice of the plant infected with the viral disease moves to the next healthy plant and sucks the juice, the virus invades and infects. In addition, "Cercospora leaf mold(soot disease)" breeds on aphids excrement, leaves may become black.

             

             

             

            👉 Removal method

             

            Although many medicines work against aphids, it is effective to use a penetrating agent that is long lasting because aphids are vigorous breeding. If you want to get rid of aphids and other pests, orthranes are effective. Also, especially when removing aphids, "the best guard" and "Mosppran granules" that are effective about 1 to 2 months are good. We also recommend a convenient insecticidal fungicide "BENICA X series" that can prevent and treat diseases at once. For vegetables just before harvest, we will control with Benika mild spray using food ingredients. Since aphids are prone to occur under conditions of high nitrogen content, fertilizer should be discreet. Also, in places with good ventilation, fecundity will become dull, so it is effective to improve the sunlight and ventilation.

             

             

            It is also effective to release the ladybug which is a natural enemy of aphids. Ladybugs prey on aphids, both adults and larvae.

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

            ΑSpider Mite (Mikanhadani)

             

             

             

             

            👉 What is Spider Mite (Mikanhadani)?

             

            Spider mites are friends of spiders and have eight legs. The body length is about 0.5 mm and it is difficult to see with the naked eye. Adults lay eggs several times on the back of leaves every day. Larvae hatched in 2 to 3 days will be adults in about 10 days, so they will occur in large quantities in a short period of time. Adult worms do not have wings, so the range of action is not wide, but there is a habit of going up to high places, sometimes being carried away by the wind and being carried far. Spider mite prefers high temperature dry environment, it seems to be a peak of occurrence from around the rainy season to around September.

             

             

             

            👉 Damage to spider mites

             

            Spider mite pierces the mouth into the leaves and sucks the juice, so the tissue of that part is broken and it turns white. As a result, color dropouts appear on the leaves like small white spots. When it occurs frequently, the whole leaves become white and discolored, leaf falls and withers because photosynthesis can not be done. In general, damage to garden tree / fruit is not big, but it will impair aesthetic looks.

             

             

             

            👉 Removal method

             

            Because spider mite is easy to resist against drugs, eradication seems to be difficult.

             

             

             

             

            <Do not use drugs>

             

            It's difficult to discover because the body is small, but frequently it will be removed with adhesive tape etc. and rinsed off with water before the number increases.

             

             

             

            <Use drugs>

             

            *Winter control 

             

            It can suppress the increase of spider mites until mid - June. If it is 95%, it will be 40 times, if it is 97% it will make machine oil emulsion which is 80 times and it will be sprayed from late November to January.

             

             

             

            *Control when frequent occurrence 

             

            Spider mites are frequent from rainy season to around September. If occurrence of indigenous natural enemies is seen, we will skip control at this time. Sprinkle acaricide. Encourage repeated spraying to prevent the development of drug resistance.

             

             

             

            Drug・・・Kanemite, colomite, daniemon, machine oil, etc.

             

                        

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

            2018.01.01 Monday

            Part 3-1

            0

              JUGEMテーマ:家庭

               

               

               

               

               

               

               

               The pruning of the lemon

               

               

              👉 Purpose of pruning

               

              Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.

               

               Make the tree compact.

               Improve sunshine and ventilation,

                Reduce pest damage.

               Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.

               

              There are effects such as.

               

               

              Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that there is hardly anything to wither even if it fails a bit, so let's try hard and challenge!

               

               

               

               

              👉 Pruning lemon    Suitable period · · · February - March

               

               

              The suitable period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.

               

               

               

               

              a. Reduce the spread of trees.

               

              If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc. When tailoring the lemon tree to the shape of "Hensokushukankei", pruning will be done after the fourth year and the core will be stopped.

               

               

               

              When suppressing the height of a tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year. So it is important to cut branches at the bifurcation, so do not cut branches in the middle.

               

               

               

              Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches(leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.

               

               

               

              Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches. By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Also, it will be difficult for fruits to grow for several years. So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered by the 2 to 3 year plan.

               

               

               

               

              b. Cut out unnecessary branches

               

              When "Reduce the spread of trees" is over, next time you cut off unnecessary branches. However, if too much branches are reduced, fruits will not be easy to produce in that year, and many long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year. Also, be careful as fruits may become difficult to produce after the following year. The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.

               

               

               

              At this time, it is necessary to cut branches that are not likely to have fruit preferentially in the pruned year. Branches where fruits were born in that year, and summer and autumn branches tend to have less fruit, so cut those branches preferentially. Branches that do not have traces of fruit within the spring branch will be left preferentially.

               

               

               

              c. Cut the tip of a long branch

               

              Choose only long branches (over 25 cm) out of the branches left after the processing of to above, and cut out about ⅓ of the tip. Cutting produces many branches of moderate length in the spring of the pruned year. The reason for cutting only long branches is that long branches longer than 25 cm use most of nutrition for branch growth, so flower buds do not attach much. Cutting produces a rich branch and fruits will be grown the following year.

               

               

               

              Conversely, if you cut too long the tip of a branch that has not grown long, the fruit will not be available in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds grow only near the tip of a branch. So be careful when cutting branches too long, a lot of flower buds will disappear.

               

               

               

               

              👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

               

                     and Pruning in summer

               

               

              Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending in March and June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October. Fruit is attached to the spring branch in that year. Even branches that did not attach are useful because the following year they will bloom and fruits will be attached. Because summer branches are easy to grow long, only a few flowers / fruits will be formed even in the next spring. The autumn branches do not bloom almost as they grow more poorly than the summer branches. 

               

               

               

              Both the summer branch and autumn branch are unnecessary, so cut out from the base at the same time as it occurs as much as possible.

               

              (Pruning in summer)

               

               

               

              It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary. Please be aware that summer branches grow to more than 25 cm and cross sections of summer branches and autumn branches tend to be triangles.

               

               

               

               

              👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

               

               

              When the above ~ work is finished, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision. It prevents branches from withering due to pruning, and also prevents intrusion of pathogenic bacteria. (You may paint while cutting) The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerator is applied, it gradually solidifies when it touches the air.

               

               

               

              If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive (bond etc). If it is difficult to apply to all the cuts, it is good to preferentially paint on the part where the diameter of the incision is 1 cm or more.

               

              *It is hard to take when a fusion accelerator adheres to clothing etc, so be careful not to touch it

               until it solidifies!

               

               

               

               

              I pruned in October.

               

              That article isI tried pruning!.

               

               

               

              An article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating is

               

              To improve the fruit of next year!」.

               

               

               

               


               Cold measures

               

               

              Lemon is weak against cold. Below minus 3 degrees, branches and leaves begin to wither, and it seems that sometimes it dies. Especially young trees less than 3rd grade are vulnerable to cold, so we will take sufficient cold measures.

               

               

               

              👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

               

               

              A lemon in the garden, as trees grow big it will take time and effort to deal with cold. It is better to grow in an area that does not fall below minus 3 degrees or to grow with potted plants. However, if the lowest temperature of the place of residence is close to minus 3 degrees Celsius or if severe cold waves come only for that year, we will take measures against the cold.

               

               

              a.Mulch the surface of the soil with 'straw' etc.

               

              b.Wrap lemon trees with nonwoven fabric or the like.

               

              c.Tie nonwoven fabric and the like with a string and fix.

               

              d.If you are raising overwintering fruit, put a fruit bag on the fruit.

               

               

               

              By the way, I checked the lowest temperature in Osaka.

               

               November 2016     6.4℃
               December 2016     1.6℃
               January 2017    −0.8℃
               February 2017    −0.6℃
               March 2017     1.8℃

               

               

              However, there are some differences depending on the data.

               

               


              👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

               

               

              Potted lemon can move, so let's move the place inside a sunny room. However, when putting it on the outdoor or veranda because it can not move indoors. And when the lowest temperature is likely to be -3 degrees, we will take measures against the cold as shown below.

               

               

               

              a.Put pots in a large pot two times larger than

                    that pot and put the soil between the bowl

                    and the bowl. This soil is for keeping warm

                    so you can use garden soil etc. Make it into

                    a double bowl state.

               

               

              b.As for the part of the tree, like a garden

                    planting, wind it with a white nonwoven fabric.

                    The cloth is white more easy to pass sunlight.

                    After winding the nonwoven fabric etc.,

                    ties it with a string and fix it.

               

               

              c.Even with this countermeasure, only 2 to 3

                    degrees of heat retention effect can be expected.

                    So, when the lowest temperature falls by more

                    than 5 degrees from minus 3 degrees, it seems

                    better to put potted plants inside.

               

               

               

               

              👉 The verification article on the measures against cold,here!!

               

               

               

               


               Lemon cultivation and insects

               

               

              The orchard that is cultivating lemon without using pesticide, has the following points as a point of success.

               

               

              a.Use of blurred fertilizer

              b.Give EM fungus

              c.Use of beneficial insects

              d.Light pruning and fertilizing

               

               

               

              If you do not use pesticides, they will be hit by pests or get sick. So, increase the number of good bacteria in the soil and leaves to reduce bad bacteria and reduce diseases etc. And we will use insects. It seems to be a way of having good insects eat bad insects (disinfect).

               

               

               

              Even 3 - soil / fertilizer (EM fungus) of blog, I will explain this part. We are also verifying the effectiveness of EM bacteria. However, regarding the use of beneficial insects, my lemon cultivation is not house cultivation, so even if I capture beneficial insects, it will escape, so there are also difficult parts of using beneficial insects. I will keep an eye on the beneficial insects that have gathered with nature and I want to see the effect. I will introduce "insects and living things" who visited our family at the category "insect and creature" of my blog.

               

               

               

               

               

              <A lot of profitable insects>

               

               

              ・ Ladybug

               

               

              Ladybugs eat aphids. Ladybugs seems to eat 5 aphids in a day. Besides, there is also description that ladybugs also eat a coccoidea. However, even if it is said to be a ladybug, it seems to be a variety of carnivorous ladybugs, herbivorous ladybugs, and fungistrophic ladybugs that eat fungi. Herbivorous Ladybugs seem to be positioned as insect pests on the contrary. Also, ladybugs are not only adults, larvae are also beneficial insects. The larvae also eat a coccoidea and others.

               

               

               

               

              ・ Mantis

               

               

              Mantis eats a variety of insect pests, such as larvae of swallowtail butterfly, bell moth, aphids, coccoidea and mites. The mantis is a lifetime of several months after becoming an adult, and also the range of action is not so wide since it is several meters even if it often flew. Even my garden has laid eggs and will appear every year, so it may appear even if you leave a mantis alone when it appears once. In China, more than 1.8 million mantises were released and experimented "Mantis farming method" ...

               

               

               

               

              ・ larvaes of green lacewing

               

                Prey on aphids.

               

               

               

               

              ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)

               

                Prey on aphids.

               

               

               

               

              ・ Spider   Eat anything.

               

               

               

               

              ・ Tree frog  Beneficiaries and pests are also eaten.

               

               

               

               

              ・ Pillbug 

               

                Eat anything on the soil. It eats everything and decomposes,

                    so it seems that the state with many pillbugs is a good condition. 

               

               

               

               

               

              ・ Earwigs 

                Earwigs eat pests falling on the ground.

               

               

               

               

              It is hard to find and capture beneficial insects. Therefore, there seems to be a way to plant herbs attracting beneficial insects together. There seems to be various herbs favoring beneficial insects such as nastatium for ladybugs, dill for spiders and green lacewings, lemon balm and coriander for bees.

               

               

               

               

               

               

              2017.12.18 Monday

              Part 2-2

              0

                JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                АHow to plant a lemon in pots

                 

                 

                👉 Proper time for plantation

                 

                 

                Proper time to plant the young plant of

                 

                the lemon is from the end of February to

                 

                the end of March as same as a garden

                 

                plant.

                 

                 

                 

                In the case of a potted plant, we can

                 

                carry a bowl to the room without

                 

                influence of the cold at cold winter

                 

                time.

                 

                Therefore you may plant it from September

                 

                to October.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 A large seedling is suitable

                 

                  for a potted plant

                 

                 

                A large seedling is suitable for a potted

                 

                plant. This is because the large seedling

                 

                can be grown as the bowl which it

                 

                purchased, and the first fruition is

                 

                earlier than a stick seedling.

                 

                 

                 

                When we choose the large seedling, we

                 

                should choose a young plant which is

                 

                branching off equally from the plant

                 

                foot treatment.

                 

                Because the space where fruits grow

                 

                increases and can finish it compactly.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Various bowls

                 

                 

                We are divided into a plastic bowl, an

                 

                unglazed bowl, an earthenware bowl by

                 

                the difference in materials. There is the

                 

                light, strong resin bowl. You should

                 

                better to buy a light plastic bowl and

                 

                resin bowl, because you may carry it to

                 

                the room at the winter cold time.

                 

                As a matter of course, the weight of the

                 

                young plant and soil will be added to

                 

                weight of bowl itself.

                 

                 

                 

                An oblong bowl has a sense of stability

                 

                than a tall bowl. If there is a bowl that

                 

                the diameter of the bowl top is same as

                 

                a bowl bottom, it has a sense of

                 

                stability more.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                The design is important, too. But,we will

                 

                image height and width of the future

                 

                young plant. I recommend that you choose

                 

                the bowl which "is hard to fall down".

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Soil to use

                 

                 

                A weed is easy to grow when we use the

                 

                garden soil, and also, the drainage is

                 

                not so good, too. The "soil for fruit

                 

                tree" seems to be good if available.

                 

                The acidity of this soil is ph5 .5-6.0,

                 

                and you can just use it.

                 

                When it is not available, you mix

                 

                "the soil for vegetables" and Kanuma

                 

                soil in the ratio of 7:3 and seem to

                 

                use it.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Plantation methods

                 

                 

                As for the plantation method, please see

                 

                the next article "transplanted a potted

                 

                lemon". In addition, even in the case of

                 

                a potted plant, we can suppress the

                 

                growth of the tree. For example,

                 

                we pull a branch aside. we suppress the

                 

                growth by doing this way and can make

                 

                with fruit better. At first we roll the

                 

                edge of the bowl with a string.

                 

                Then, we tie the string which I wrapped

                 

                the edge in the branch which I want to

                 

                pull aside with a string.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ─How to transplant a lemon

                 

                   into a bowl

                 

                 

                In the case of a potted plant, the inside

                 

                of the bowl becomes full of roots when we

                 

                just leave it. So, it is usually

                 

                necessary to transplant it at the pace

                 

                once in 2-3 years. The old root comes to

                 

                wither up to become hard to suck water

                 

                well even if we do watering.

                 

                 

                 

                 A root comes out of the bottom

                 

                  of the bowl

                 

                ◆Water did not readily soak into soil

                 

                  even if we did water

                 

                 

                While being careful about such states, we

                 

                transplant it into a slightly big bowl. (

                 

                1〜2号 larger ) By the way, we can

                 

                measure the size (号) of the bowl when

                 

                we divide a diameter by 3. (30cm in

                 

                diameter /3cm = 10号) Even if you do not

                 

                want to make a bowl big, please

                 

                transplant it, and please cut down a

                 

                jam-packed root.

                 

                 

                 

                When we transplant it, we warn next.

                 

                A root may rot when we transplant a

                 

                seedling into a bigger bowl suddenly

                 

                because soil does not readily dry. T

                 

                herefore you seem to be careful about

                 

                the size of the bowl to exchange.(into a

                 

                slightly big bowl)

                 

                By the way, I did not know the above.

                 

                Therefore I have exchanged it with a 14号

                 

                bowl from a 7号 bowl when I

                 

                transplanted the potted lemon which I

                 

                purchased. At hot time of July, I did a

                 

                good watering every day twice in morning,

                 

                an evening. I do not seem to do the

                 

                decayed root for the moment. I want to

                 

                be careful about decayed root in future.

                 

                 

                 

                レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                 

                 

                Article of the transplantation

                that I tried

                 

                「I transplanted a potted lemon plant!!」

                 

                 

                Please take a look. ( but Japanese )

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 Care for flower and bud

                 

                  (I work on pollination)

                 

                 

                👉 About pollination

                 

                 

                As the young plant of the lemon is

                 

                pollinated with one and bears fruit,

                 

                the pollination tree is not necessary.

                 

                In addition, we do not need the

                 

                artificial pollination basically because

                 

                the insects carry the pollen. My lemon

                 

                does nothing in particular, but it is

                 

                pollinated and bear fruit.

                 

                (There is not particularly a lot an

                 

                insect)

                 

                 

                 

                 

                But it seems to become hard to be

                 

                pollinated when insects do not come very

                 

                much. When a fruit does not grow

                 

                though the flower of the lemon blooms,

                 

                please do artificial pollination. A fruit

                 

                seems to have possibilities to grow.

                 

                The artificial pollination is possible by

                 

                using dry writing brushes when we touch

                 

                it in turn in a stamen and the pistil

                 

                capitals.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Care for flower and bud

                 

                 

                We pick all the flower (bud) which

                 

                bloomed in autumn and summer to promote

                 

                that we grow fruit.

                 

                (When we grow the fruit which grow from

                 

                the flower which bloomed in spring)

                 

                 

                 

                About the flower(bud) which bloomed

                 

                 in spring

                 

                When do you pick a bud and a flower? 

                 

                A judgment seems to change by a purpose.

                 

                 

                a.A leaf is necessary to grow fruit.

                 

                 (20 pieces of leaves are necessary

                 

                  for one fruit?)

                 

                 

                b.If we pick the bud and flowers,we can

                 

                  spend the nourishment for branches

                 

                  and leaves and flowers and buds

                 

                  which we left.

                 

                 ⇒We should pick flowers and buds.

                 

                 

                c.In consideration of a physical fruit

                 

                  drop, we do not pick flowers and

                 

                  buds.

                 

                 ⇒We should not pick flowers and buds. 

                 

                 

                 

                Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

                 

                We seem to be able to consider that a

                 

                physiological fruit drop is a self-regulating

                 

                function of fruit tree itself. A physiological

                 

                fruit drop is a menstruation phenomenon

                 

                that it try to leave a few fruits which

                 

                is only grow and drop other fruit when

                 

                nutrition is insufficient.

                 

                 

                 

                A menstruation phenomenon. When there are too few fruits drop, a tree body weakens and causes a biennial bearing. (A high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.) On the contrary, when there are too many fruits drop, growth becomes popular, and the branch will be a abnormally long branch. The physiological fruit drop is classified roughly into two ways. One is an fruit drop appearing soon after the flowering. It is a latter term fruit drop appearing before a crop one more.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                We can concentrate on giving nourishment to a bud and flower and the branches and leaves which we want to leave when we pick up an unnecessary bud and flower. However, when a fruit has begun to become really, physiological fruit drop happens, and a fruit hardly remains if "a fruit to bring up" falls. Therefore we do not cut a bud and the flower and leave all. A way of thinking to perform fruit picking after a physiological fruit drop is like C.

                 

                 

                 

                This year my garden planted lemon has added about 100 flowers. It was a bud for a long time, but the flowers finally bloomed. However, when I thought that the flowers bloomed on May 10, the flowers began to fall on May 13. If you would like to organize to a certain extent in advance, I think that it would be better to do a bud picking rather than a flower picking.

                 

                 

                 

                In lemon flowers, incomplete flowers without stamen may bloom. (Of course, it does not become a fruit.) It is said that low temperature is the cause. Also, if the tree is still young and there is no power to fruit it seems there will be many incomplete flowers. Lisbon lemon raised in our house seems to be a species with many incomplete flowers. Meyer lemon is a kind that fruits are often attached, and it seems that there are not too many incomplete flowers. If incomplete flowers bloom, it would be better if you picked flowers. (After scattering naturally, remove residual flowers.)

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                The record at that time is here!

                「Finally blooming flowers!」

                 

                 

                 

                👉 I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.

                 

                      The state at that time is "here"!

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 Cutting of the lemon

                 

                 

                It cuts out the branches, stems, leaves etc of the plant, inserts it in the soil and puts out the roots. Fresh branches at the tip of the branch and flexible branches under extension seems to be unusable for cutting because it tends to rot after insertion. Branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder seem to be suitable for cutting of lemons.

                 

                 

                 

                As a suitable period, it is said that the period of the rainy season in June is good. Cuttings are said to be less prone to fruit, less vulnerable to diseases and pests, shorter life span than grafts. However, it does not need to prepare a rootstock, and the point that it is relatively easy to increase seedlings is attractive.

                 

                 

                 

                It is said that citrus fruits are relatively easy to cut. When I cut it, for example, I used a "root promoter", but it is said that roots grow only by adding nothing at all "just put the cut branches in soil".

                cutting branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder, growing in a shade not exposed to rain, watering every morning and evening, etc. are the points in cutting. However, I think that "roots will grow on cuttings just by watering firmly everyday."

                 

                 

                 

                On June 17, I cut seven branches. I raised it in the shade that does not hit the rain.(One of them raised in the place where sun and rain hit) A new sprout came out from one branch after 42 days. After that, sprouts came out from all the branches.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                <Cutting procedure I did>

                 

                 

                a.Cut the solid branches into a length of 10 to 15 cm.

                 

                      And drop the leaves on the lower half of the branches.

                 

                      Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

                 

                      (To suppress transpiration)

                 

                 

                b.Soak this branch in a bucket filled with water.

                 

                      (About 1 hour)

                 

                 

                c.Cut the lower tip of the branch off the water diagonally.

                 

                      (To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

                 

                      and to expand the area where the roots come out.)

                 

                 

                d.Apply a rooting promoter to the lower tip of the cut branch.

                 

                 

                e.Put the soil exclusively for sowing buds and seeds, and insert the cuttings.

                 

                      When inserting, digging the hole, cover the branch with soil

                 

                      so that rooting promoter can not be removed.

                 

                 

                f.Add water to the whole.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                Here is the situation when I went cutting.(With photos)

                 

                 「I tried cutting with lemon!」

                 

                 

                Since the roots came out from the cuttings, the state at the time of replanting into a pot is here.

                 

                 「Cutting of lemon 54 days later ...」

                 

                 

                 

                 

                In the future, seedlings made of cuttings,

                 

                Is it difficult to become fruitful? ,

                Is it vulnerable to diseases and pests? ,

                Is the lifetime short? ,

                 

                I would like to validate.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 Grafting of lemon

                 

                 

                Looking at the lemon seedlings that are on sale, most of them seem to be seedlings made from grafting. Grafting is done because cold resistance and disease resistance will be higher than without grafting. That is because you use a growing stock. 

                 

                 

                 

                Depending on the type of fruit trees and flowers, there are things that can not be seeded, or it takes a long time to be able to grow, when raised from their own seeds or when raised with cuttings. When growing with grafting, it will be fruit soon, it seems that you can make a strong tree against diseases and pests. 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

                 

                It is a characteristic that there is a big thorns, and fruits is a cold-resistant variety among the citrus. It is also known as the bait of swallowtail butterfly. It can be used as a rootstock of all citrus fruits. Karatachi is used as a rootstock in 95% of domestic citrus fruits.

                 

                 

                 

                When raising "Karatachi" as a rootstock from seeds, it seems necessary for about two years. In addition, when purchasing seedlings of Karatachi, a sending fee (around 1,000 yen) will be required for 1 seedling (around 600 yen) . If so, rather than trying grafting, it will be cheaper to purchase lemon seedlings.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!

                 

                         is「Here」!

                 

                 

                 

                👉 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!

                 

                         is「Here」!

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                2017.12.09 Saturday

                Part 1

                0

                  JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   


                   How to grow a lemon, Part 1

                   

                    While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

                   

                          (INDEX to 3-◆


                   

                   

                   

                  〜 Introduction 〜

                   

                   

                   

                  I have begun to write a blog of

                   

                  how to grow a lemon.

                   

                   

                   

                  Its number of articles is "56" a little.

                   

                   

                   

                  I couldn't find an article.

                   

                  Where, did I write that article?

                   

                   

                   

                  If there is not "a summary",

                   

                  each article terminates in each article.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  From such thought,

                   

                  I compile each article

                   

                  as "a book of one how to grow a lemon".

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  I think that it takes considerable time

                   

                  so that each article is completed.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  But, 

                   

                   

                  I should be able to update it

                   

                  while inspecting it every day.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  ■ Index

                   

                  1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                   

                    Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

                   

                  I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                   

                   

                  2、The history of the lemon

                   

                  ・The first lemon

                   

                  ・A lemon came over to Japan.

                   

                   

                  3、About how to grow a lemon.

                   

                    On the cultivation of the lemon.

                   

                  ・Area suitable for the cultivation

                   of the lemon

                   

                  ・The tree bears fruit with one

                   

                  ・Time is necessary before it bears a

                   fruit for the first time

                   

                  How to buy young plants, various kinds

                   

                  ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                   

                  ・When should we buy a seedling?

                   

                  ・How to choose good young plants

                   

                   

                   Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

                   

                  ぁWatering

                   

                  ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden?

                    Or,is it a potted plant?

                   

                  ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                   

                  АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                   

                  ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                   

                   Care for flower, bud

                    (I work on pollination)

                   

                   Cutting of the lemon

                   

                   Grafted tree of the lemon

                   

                   The pruning of the lemon

                   

                   Cold measures

                   

                   Lemon cultivation and insects

                   

                   How to grow a lemon in the porch

                   

                   

                  5、Pest of the lemon

                   

                   Coccoidea

                   

                  ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                   

                   Citrus leafminer

                   

                  ぁBell moth

                   

                  ァAphid

                   

                  ΑSpider Mite

                   

                  АLonghorn beetle

                   

                  ─Thrips

                   

                   

                  6、Disease of the lemon

                   

                   Melanose

                   

                  ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                   

                   Elsinoë fawcettii

                   

                  ぁGray mold

                   

                  ァCercospora leaf mold

                   

                   

                  7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                   

                   A leaf is yellow

                   

                  ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                   

                   A flower falls

                    (a flower does not bloom)

                   

                  ぁA fruit falls

                   

                   

                  8、Work according to the month

                   

                   

                  9、Eating a lemon

                   

                   

                  10、Recipe using the lemon

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                   

                   

                    Fascinate to grow a lemon

                     in a house.

                   

                   

                  Almost persons reading this article

                   

                  already have a purpose (charm)

                   

                  to cultivate by yourself.

                   

                   

                  Because you'll already make a fruit tree,

                   

                  vegetables or be going to make a lemon

                   

                  from now on.

                   

                   

                  One of a fascinate to grow a lemon in a

                   

                  house is what we can harvest it at the

                   

                  most delicious time. The commercial

                   

                  fruit and vegetables are harvested

                   

                  before the most ripen fully.

                   

                   

                  This is because it takes time before it

                   

                  reaches the consumers. The citrus

                   

                  fruits become sweet with growth.

                   

                   

                  As for the lemon which ripened fully

                   

                  with becoming the tree, both the taste

                   

                  and the fragrance are totally another

                   

                  thing. You can taste a genuine taste

                   

                  at seasonal time.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  Another fascinate to grow a lemon in a

                   

                  house is what we can eat pesticide-free

                   

                  fruit, vegetables.

                   

                   

                  In the case of an import lemon, we use

                   

                  a preservative (mold materials or wax-

                   

                  proof) not to be corrupt from the

                   

                  foreign country to the transportation.

                   

                   

                  It does not have a problem that you

                   

                  eat a lemon after removing peel of

                   

                  lemon.

                   

                   

                  However, I want to be concerned

                   

                  with a pesticide-free lemon when I

                   

                  think about a carcinogenic

                   

                  teratogenic risk and seem to become.

                   

                   

                  The lemon in particular,

                   

                  vitamin C is included in the peel of

                   

                  lemon as same as in the fresh and fruit

                   

                  juice of lemon.

                   

                   

                  When you thought about nourishment,

                   

                  you should be able to eat the peel of

                   

                  lemon, too.

                   

                   

                  I put a slice lemon in the tea. The lemon

                   

                  to put in the tea has better lemon with

                   

                  the peel.

                   

                   

                   

                  As a matter of course, there is not only

                   

                  the charm "eating" but also the charm

                   

                  "appreciating". I only look at the flower

                   

                  of the lemon sweetly, and a heart calms

                   

                  down.

                   

                   

                  In addition, citral and limonene are

                   

                  included in a bag (oil gland) to collect

                   

                  a fragrance ingredient called the

                   

                  essential oil in to the rind of a fruit

                   

                  of the lemon. So that; is unique;

                   

                  smell refreshing.

                   

                   

                  This is included in the leaf of the

                   

                  lemon. I cut a leaf, and I prune it,

                   

                  and the fragrance of the lemon

                   

                  sometimes spreads.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  Why will I be going to grow a lemon? 

                   

                  Because the reason consumes vitamin C

                   

                  deliciously. This is because it drinks

                   

                  the lemon mixed juice which squeezed

                   

                  a lemon raw.

                   

                   

                  A lemon is one tree, and a fruit grows.

                   

                  In addition, in the case of  other soft

                   

                  fruit, it will be deceived by a pest and

                   

                  bacteria, and it is difficult to grow.

                   

                   

                  However, a lemon is hard to be deceived

                   

                  by a pest and can simplify the fruit

                   

                  which I can eat, because the rind of a

                   

                  fruit of the lemon is thick. How to grow

                   

                  lemons cannot be difficult.  

                   

                   

                  Maybe・・・

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   ◆I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                   

                   

                  In July, 2017, I went to Shimanami Kaido

                   

                  in two people with a wife.

                   

                   

                  From the Hiroshima side, I passed with

                   

                  Mukaijima, Innoshima, Ikuchijima,

                   

                  Omishima, Hakatajima, Oshima and

                   

                  went to Imabari-shi, Ehime.

                   

                   

                   

                  レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                   

                   

                   

                  "Ikuchijima with Sedota-cho is 25km from

                   

                  Imabari-shi, Ehime. It is the island of

                   

                  approximately 8,700 population in the

                   

                  center of Shimanami Kaido.

                   

                   

                  Because approximately 50% of the island

                   

                  are suddenly slanted in Ikuchijima,

                   

                  exposure to the sun is good. The amount

                   

                  of production of the lemon is number one

                   

                  in Japan."

                   

                   

                  "Approximately a quarter (28%) of the

                   

                  domestic lemon is produced in Sedota-cho.

                   

                   

                  However, among lemons consumed in

                   

                  Japan, the ratio that a domestic lemon is

                   

                  consumed is less than 5%. Consumed most

                   

                  lemons are from the United States.

                   

                   

                  This is because a price is low. The lemon

                   

                  which a farming family of Sedota-cho

                   

                  aimed at was the richness of the

                   

                  fragrance and the lemon which I could

                   

                  eat in peace.

                   

                   

                  The Sedota lemon holds down the

                   

                  consumption of a pesticide and the

                   

                  chemical fertilizer to less than 50%.

                   

                  It is the lemon which I can eat

                   

                  together with a zest."

                   

                   

                  I who had begun to grow a lemon had a

                   

                  lot of various questions. I went to the

                   

                  place of the best domestic amount of

                   

                  production in Japan and wanted to learn

                   

                  "how to grow lemons".

                   

                  ( In fact, I wanted to buy a seedling

                   

                  most. ^^;)

                   

                   

                  I went to "the lemon valley" in Sedota-

                   

                  cho. There are really a lemon, a lemon.

                   

                  A lot of trees of lemon.

                   

                   

                  The person who wants to feel the world of

                   

                  a lot of lemons, please drop in once!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                   

                  レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  2、The history of the lemon

                   

                   

                   

                  虫眼鏡 The first lemon

                   

                   

                  When and where did the lemon come from?

                   

                   

                  The place of origin of the lemon seems to

                   

                  be the foothills of the Himalayas in

                   

                  India.

                   

                   

                  It is supposed that the lemon came out of

                   

                  the mating of a shaddock and a lemonade,

                   

                  but does not seem to understand the

                   

                  original thing that a lemon has begun to

                   

                  be cultivated clearly.

                   

                   

                  More than 1,400 years ago, Arabic people

                   

                  of the Muslim liked lemons. They brought

                   

                  in a lemon in the future to go and seemed

                   

                  to go over to Spain and Sicily, the North

                   

                  Africa.

                   

                   

                  In the 15th century, the lemon came to be

                   

                  cultivated flourishingly in Italy and

                   

                  Spain.

                   

                   

                  It will be "to have healed scurvy" to

                   

                  have escalated the cultivation of the

                   

                  lemon still more.

                   

                   

                  In about 1500, the scurvy is the disease

                   

                  that took sailors at voyages of Vasco da

                   

                  Gama.

                   

                   

                  As for the sailor, gingiva of the top and

                   

                  bottom swelled up. And they could eat

                   

                  nothing and starved to death. They

                   

                  suffered from hand pedialgia and

                   

                  gingival swelling and died in sequence.

                   

                   

                  For the next 300 years, the scurvy

                   

                  attacked sailors who went on a voyage

                   

                  for a long term.

                   

                   

                  Vitamin C is indispensable for generation

                   

                  of protein and the collagen included in

                   

                  the connective tissue. Collagen is not

                   

                  produced enough when we spend time

                   

                  without eating raw fruit and vegetables

                   

                  more than three months. As a result,

                   

                  various symptoms such as the gingival

                   

                  swelling are early and finally result

                   

                  in death.

                   

                   

                  In 1582, Sailors who were deceived by

                   

                  scurvy strike the shore of West Africa,

                   

                  and they eat the lemon which grew

                   

                  there.

                   

                   

                  When they washed the mouth with the fruit

                   

                  juice of the lemon, somebody recovered

                   

                  from the symptom of the mouth.

                   

                  Such example seemed to be persuasive

                   

                  grounds that a lemon worked for scurvy.

                   

                   

                  After that, the senior service provides

                   

                  with about 6 million liters of squeezes

                   

                  of lemon in 19 years.

                   

                   

                  The squeeze of lemon was stored in a

                   

                  barrel under the layer of the olive oil.

                   

                  As a result, it is to have been able to

                   

                  keep it without ascorbate most of the

                   

                  fruit juice being lost.

                   

                  As a matter of course, a sailor starting

                   

                  scurvy disappears.

                   

                   

                  The loading the lemon onto the ship is a

                   

                  chance to let the consumption of the

                   

                  lemon increase, and the lemon farm will

                   

                  enlarge in each place.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  虫眼鏡 A lemon came over to Japan.

                   

                   

                  It is listed in "a history of Japanese

                   

                  fruit chronological table" as follows.

                   

                   

                  "April, 1875, Saburo Takagi who was a

                   

                  consul general introduced the seed and

                   

                  saplings such as orange, a lemon, a

                   

                  strawberry, the hop from the United

                   

                  States."

                   

                   

                  In addition, it is written with a

                   

                  different book as follows.

                   

                   

                  It is the Meiji era after the foundation

                   

                  of a country that a lemon was handed

                   

                  down to Japan.

                   

                   

                  The lemon was mixed in many foreign-made

                   

                  articles, too. When a foreigner came for

                   

                  a hot spring cure in Atami of Shizuoka

                   

                  in 1873, he sprinkled the species of the

                   

                  lemon contained in dinner on the garden.

                   

                   

                  It does not know which story is right.

                   

                  But, around the beginning of the Meiji

                   

                  era, the lemon seemed to come to Japan.

                   

                   

                  It is written in the cultivation history

                   

                  of "the Sedota lemon" as follows.

                   

                  In 1928, I plant 300 trifoliate orange

                   

                  young plants and perform bud grafting

                   

                  of Lisbon Eureka Lemon.

                   

                   

                  In other words, I understand that the

                   

                  lemon cultivation began after the Showa

                   

                  era.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  3、About how to grow a lemon

                   

                   

                   

                   On the cultivation of the lemon

                   

                   

                  👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

                         of the lemon

                   

                   

                  The lemon seems to like the land which

                   

                  drainage has good and the area with

                   

                  more than 15 degrees Celsius of mean

                   

                  temperature.

                   

                   

                  In Japan, there is a lemon-growing area

                   

                  in the warm place of the south side from

                   

                  Kanto area. The slant ground of the

                   

                  mountains in the coastal area is a lemon

                   

                  -growing main area. Because chills do

                   

                  not collect, and drainage is good.

                   

                   

                  A Setouchi lemon farm writes it, too.

                   

                   

                  "Originally the area in Setouchi has

                   

                  little precipitation, and it is a warm

                   

                  area (mean temperature 15 degrees

                   

                  Celsius). It is a characteristic that

                   

                  there are many fine days.

                   

                  The lemon in particular is vulnerable to

                   

                  rain and wind. There are few typhoons,

                   

                  and, in this area with a little quantity

                   

                  of the wind, the outbreak of illness is

                   

                  controlled as much as possible and is

                   

                  the environment that is most suitable

                   

                  for a lemon. As for the lemon growing

                   

                  here, both the taste and the nourishment

                   

                  are fully included in the depths of the

                   

                  acidity."

                   

                   

                  In particular, Sedota-cho is most

                   

                  suitable for lemon cultivation.

                   

                  This is because it wins a positive well

                   

                  as about half of the island is an

                   

                  immediate slant.

                   

                   

                  And the lemon is vulnerable to cold.

                   

                  When temperature falls than -3 degrees

                   

                  Celsius, a tree weakens and seems to have

                   

                  possibilities to die. Therefore cold

                   

                  protection measures are necessary in the

                   

                  area becoming less than -3 degrees

                   

                  Celsius.

                   

                   

                   

                   


                  👉 The tree bears fruit with one

                   

                   

                  The tree of lemon is pollinated and bears

                   

                  a fruit only with one tree.

                   

                   

                  Therefore the pollination tree is not

                   

                  necessary.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 Time is necessary before it bears

                   

                         a fruit for the first time

                   

                   

                  The tree gives priority to bring up a

                   

                  body of oneself, rather than leaving the

                   

                  next generation (leaving fruit and a

                   

                  species).

                   

                   

                  In other words, if the growth of a branch

                   

                  and a leaf of the tree becomes too much

                   

                  popular, most of the nourishment are used

                   

                  for the growth of a branch and the leaf ,

                   

                  and not be used for a flower and fruit ,

                   

                  and they are not accompanied by a flower

                   

                  and a fruit.

                   

                   

                  In the case of a potted plant, It seem to

                   

                  be said to be need for 3 through 5 years

                   

                  before the fruit of the lemon grows for

                   

                  the first time.

                   

                   

                  But, in the case of a planting in the

                   

                  garden, it seems to be said that we are

                   

                  necessary for 4 through 6 years.

                   

                   

                  The growth of the root is limited, and

                   

                  this is because a branch and a leaf do

                   

                  not grow big in the case of a potted

                   

                  plant.

                   

                   

                  Therefore nourishment arrives to a flower

                   

                  and fruit, and a potted plant seems to

                   

                  bear a fruit early.

                   

                  As for the particularly young tree, a

                   

                  branch and a leaf grow well. If we cut a

                   

                  branch or pull it aside, force to grow up

                   

                  can be weakened.

                   

                   

                  There seems to be a method to let a lot

                   

                  of flowers bloom by doing so.

                   

                  However, it seem to be necessary for

                   

                  around three years before a fruit grows

                   

                  after planting the seedling of the lemon.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  ◆How to buy young plants,

                   

                     various kinds

                   

                   

                  👉 Stick seedling and large seedling

                   

                   

                  We can classify the young plant roughly

                   

                  into "one stick stick seedling" and

                   

                  "large seedling which branched off a

                   

                  lot".

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  Stick seedling;

                   

                   A price is low          楽しい

                   

                  ◆It is available for much

                   

                    how to make 楽しい

                   

                   It is necessary for three years

                   

                    before a fruit grows at least  悲しい

                   

                   

                  Large seedling;

                   

                   A price is high     悲しい

                   

                  ◆It is begun easily   楽しい

                   

                   A fruit grows early 楽しい

                   

                   

                   

                  <A large seedling is recommended in

                   

                   potted plants>

                   

                   

                  For a potted young plant, a large

                   

                  seedling is recommended than a stick

                   

                  seedling.

                   

                   

                  Because, it is just grew lemons with the

                   

                  bowl which it purchased, and it is early

                   

                  that a fruit grows for the first time.

                   

                   

                  When we choose the large seedling,

                   

                  we choose the young plant which branches

                   

                  off from a part near the plant foot

                   

                  treatment if possible.

                   

                   

                  The space where fruit becomes increases

                   

                  and can finish it compactly.

                   


                   

                   

                  The tree of lemon which I planted in my

                   

                  garden purchased a stick seedling in a

                   

                  gardening shop.

                   

                   

                  And the potted lemon purchased a large

                   

                  seedling on the Internet.

                   

                   

                  I understand each merit and demerit well.

                   

                  It is up to the thought of the person

                   

                  which seedling is good.

                   

                   

                  But I think that you should purchase the

                   

                  seedling after knowing the seedling

                   

                  passed how many years.

                   

                  It seems to be difficult to harvest fruit

                   

                  from a young seedling.

                   

                   

                  I think that there is the joy of "to just

                   

                  grow the tree of lemon".

                   

                   

                  However, you should purchase the seedling

                   

                  which passed for several years if your

                   

                  first purpose is "to harvest the fruit of

                   

                  the lemon".

                   

                   

                  Please think that you purchased the

                   

                  period (time). Even if the price of large

                   

                  seedling is high, you will think that

                   

                  "it was good early to bear a fruit".

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 When should we buy a seedling?

                   

                   

                  In both the gardening shop and the net

                   

                  shop, the seedling of the lemon is sold

                   

                  anytime.

                   

                   

                  The seedling of the lemon is sold only at

                   

                  this time, which means there will not be

                   

                  it.

                   

                   

                  But, in a case of planting a lemon,

                   

                  A climate is calm. About March is

                   

                  good because the growth of the tree of

                   

                  lemon is slow.

                   

                   

                  Therefore it is thought that you should

                   

                  purchase it at that time. In addition,

                   

                  September is also good becase a lot of

                   

                  seedlings having a fruit are sold.

                   

                   

                  By the way, I purchased the young plant

                   

                  (large seedling) of the lemon for the

                   

                  potted plant on the Internet in the end

                   

                  of July. (there were four fruits!)

                   

                   

                  I transplanted it into a one size big

                   

                  bowl immediately.

                   

                  I still grow well.

                   

                  (of course,four fruits are fine!)

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 How to choose good young plants

                   

                   

                  There are many leaves. The green of

                   

                  the leaf is deep. A branch is enriched

                   

                  and thick.

                   

                   

                  It is said that the seedling are good to

                   

                  buy. Even if a lot of flower and fruits

                   

                  grow , it is temporary.

                   

                   

                  We want to just judge the purchase from

                   

                  the viewpoint of  銑 above. But we see

                   

                   銑 and can purchase it if we go to

                   

                  the home centers for buying by oneself. 

                   

                   

                  However, we can't buy the seedling aftere

                   

                  check  銑 above if we buy it on the

                   

                  Internet.

                   

                   

                  On the other hand, the young plant of the

                   

                  lemon is sold when we go to the gardening

                   

                  shop, but there are not many kinds (one

                   

                  kind - two kinds) and does not sell a

                   

                  lot. We can buy most kinds if we buy it

                   

                  in a net shop.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  The article of

                   

                  Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

                   

                  is here!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  2017.12.08 Friday

                  Part 2-1

                  0

                    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     


                     How to grow a lemon,

                     

                                                 Part 2

                     

                      While a beginner inspect the

                     

                                        cultivation method.

                     

                            (INDEX to 3-◆


                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    ■ Index

                     

                    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                     

                      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

                     

                    I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                     

                     

                    2、The history of the lemon

                     

                    ・The first lemon

                    ・A lemon came over to Japan.

                     

                     

                    3、About how to grow a lemon.

                     

                      On the cultivation of the lemon.

                     

                    ・Area suitable for the cultivation of the lemon

                    ・The tree bears fruit with one

                    ・Time is necessary before it bears a fruit for the first time

                     

                    How to buy young plants, various kinds

                     

                    ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                    ・When should we buy a seedling?

                    ・How to choose good young plants

                     

                     

                     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

                    ぁWatering

                    ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden? Or,is it a potted plant?

                    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                    АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                    ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                     Care for flower, bud (I work on pollination)

                     Cutting of the lemon

                     Grafted tree of the lemon

                     The pruning of the lemon

                     Cold measures

                     Lemon cultivation and insects

                     How to grow a lemon in the porch

                     

                     

                    5、Pest of the lemon

                     Coccoidea

                    ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                     Citrus leafminer

                    ぁBell moth

                    ァAphid

                    ΑSpider Mite

                    АLonghorn beetle

                    ─Thrips

                     

                     

                    6、Disease of the lemon

                     Melanose

                    ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                     Elsinoë fawcettii

                    ぁGray mold

                    ァCercospora leaf mold

                     

                     

                    7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                     A leaf is yellow

                    ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                     A flower falls (a flower does not bloom)

                    ぁA fruit falls

                     

                     

                    8、Work according to the month

                     

                     

                    9、Eating a lemon

                     

                     

                    10、Recipe using the lemon

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    3、About how to grow a lemon

                     

                     

                      Soil, manure

                     

                        (effective microorganisms)

                     

                     

                    👉 How much is the quantity of

                     

                       fertilization?

                     

                     

                     

                    ☝In the case of a smartphone, a screen

                     spreads with touch.

                     

                     

                     

                    When we grow lemons,

                     

                    how much

                     

                    ◆when must we give the manure?

                     

                    I checked it in various ways, but there

                     

                    was not the same information. Quantity

                     

                    of fertilization. Time. The number of

                     

                    times to give in the year.

                     

                    It was different each. But I describe it

                     

                    as there was a point becoming similar

                     

                    mention.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    a.Lemon cultivation requires a lot

                     

                      of manure.

                     

                    Generally, it is said that the citrus

                     

                    fruits consume fertilizer in comparison

                     

                    with other fruit trees. In particular, a

                     

                    lemon is a fruit tree consuming

                     

                    fertilizer in that citrus fruits.

                     

                    The lemon has much quantity of

                     

                    outbreak of the branch.

                     

                     

                    In addition, it flowers many times in a

                     

                    year,and this is because it needs much

                     

                    nourishment. A root goes bad even if we

                     

                    give a lot of manure at a time and flows

                     

                    out before manure is absorbed.

                     

                    Therefore it is common I divide it into

                     

                    several times a year, and to give manure

                     

                    while grow a lemon.

                     

                     

                     

                    b.I surround organic quality compound

                     

                          fertilizer in about February

                     

                          (initial fertilization).

                     

                         In addition, I sprinkle mineral

                     

                        matter compound fertilizer in another

                     

                         month   (additional fertilizing).

                     

                     

                     

                    Organic quality compound fertilizer

                     

                    ; Seedcake, chicken droppings,

                     

                          fish meal, compost, cow dung.

                     

                     

                     Improvement of the soil is effective.

                     

                     (soil softens, and water retentivity

                     

                        increases)

                     

                    ◆Slow-release.

                     

                     Microbes increase.

                     

                    ぁThere are few manure ingredients.

                     

                    ァThe smell is special, and an insect

                     

                          may be boiled.

                     

                     

                     

                    Mineral matter compound fertilizer

                     

                    ; Compound fertilizer, urea.

                     

                     

                     We fertilize three major nutrients

                     

                         (nitrogen, phosphoric acid,

                     

                          potassium) efficiently.

                     

                    ◆There are slow-release and immediate

                     

                          effect and can choose it.

                     

                     It tends to be cheaper than organic

                     

                          quality manure.

                     

                    ぁOnly with mineral matter, soil

                     

                          environment worsens.

                     

                          (The soil will lose weight)

                     

                    ァIt may cause manure desperation.

                     

                          (overdoing)

                     

                    ΑThere is not the smell, and there is

                     

                        not the worry to breed in an insect.

                     

                     

                    Most of organic quality manure are

                     

                    slow-release and few manure ingredients.

                     

                     

                    The lemon needs a lot of manure. When

                     

                    quick effect characteristics are demanded

                     

                    like after-season fertilizing, experience

                     

                    and an effort seem to be necessary to

                     

                    cultivate a lemon only in organic quality

                     

                    manure.

                     

                     

                    So there seem to be many descriptions

                     

                    that "sprinkle organic quality compound

                     

                    fertilizer on the initial fertilization,

                     

                    and sprinkle mineral matter compound

                     

                    fertilizer on the additional fertilizing"

                     

                    to make use of both good points.

                     

                     

                     

                    c.It is the almost same

                     

                          when I see it by an annual unit.

                     

                     

                    There seem to be various descriptions as

                     

                    mentioned above when we consider quantity

                     

                    of fertilization and the fertilization

                     

                    number of times each. But, when we judge

                     

                    the quantity of fertilization X number

                     

                    of times」from an annual unit, the gross

                     

                    weight of the manure to give is almost

                     

                    same.

                     

                    I think that you may change the number of

                     

                    times to fertilize from a point of view

                     

                    that "The lemon is easy to absorb manure

                     

                    if you distribute the number of times to

                     

                    fertilize".

                     

                     

                     

                    d.Method to sprinkle manure

                     

                     

                    A garden Plant

                     

                    We sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                     

                    land uniformly in a range (Trunk Diameter)

                     

                    where the branches and leaves grow.

                     

                    The manure is good just to sprinkle it on

                     

                    the surface of the land. But, absorption

                     

                    of the manure improves when we mix it

                     

                    with soil lightly.

                     

                     

                     

                    A potted plant

                     

                    I sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                     

                    potting compost uniformly. It is not

                     

                    necessary to mix it with soil.

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 Please careful about manure

                     

                           desperation !

                     

                     

                    As much as we give a manure, it is not

                     

                    good. The density of fertility in the

                     

                    soil rises when I fertilize it too much,

                     

                    and the water of the root is robbed of

                     

                    it under the influence of osmotic

                     

                    pressure.

                     

                    It can be expected, "a lemon withers up

                     

                    even if I put up a lot of water".

                     

                     

                    When a ratio of compound fertilizer uses

                     

                    expensive fertilizer, attention is

                     

                    necessary.

                     

                     

                     

                    It washes away fertility in the soil

                     

                    if we cause manure desperation.

                     

                    In the case of a potted plant, we do

                     

                    water about 5 times as normal,

                     

                    and water flows out of the bowl

                     

                    bottom for a while.

                     

                    You seem to perform this work every day

                     

                    for about five days.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 The measurement and adjustment

                     

                           of the acidity in the soil

                     

                     

                    The root of the citrus fruit likes weak

                     

                    acidity around ph 5.5-6.0 in the soil.

                     

                    The growth of the tree worsens so that

                     

                    the acidity of the soil is separated from

                     

                    ph5 .5-6.0. Using acidity measurement

                     

                    liquid, a value of the acidity should be

                     

                    coordinated when values are different

                     

                    more than 1.0 from ph5 .5-6.0 back

                     

                    and forth.

                     

                     

                    We use lime for a case to raise soil ph

                     

                    (can get closer to the neutrality).

                     

                    The magnesia lime includes magnesium

                     

                    and seems to be recommended as action

                     

                    is slow.

                     

                    300g of magnesia lime is necessary to put

                     

                    up 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                     

                    land. We use sublimed sulfur for a case

                     

                    to lower soil ph (can get closer

                     

                    to the acidity).

                     

                    200g of sublimed sulfur is necessary to

                     

                    lower 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                     

                    land.

                     

                     

                    I measured the acidity of the soil, too.

                     

                    I could easily measure when I used the

                     

                    acidity measurement liquid.

                     

                     

                     

                    Please refer 「I measured ph!」.

                     

                     

                     

                    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 I try to sprinkle effective

                     

                           microorganisms

                     

                     

                    I read an article to "cultivate the lemon

                     

                    without using the pesticide".

                     

                     

                     The probability to be damaged of a

                     

                    disease and the insect rises when we

                     

                    give a lot of manure.

                     

                     

                     

                    ◆The tree of lemon meets the life

                     

                    immediately when we reduce manure

                     

                    and we cultivate it while suppressing

                     

                    the pruning. (it becomes weak)

                     

                     

                     

                     So we make met environment with

                     

                    probiotic.

                     

                     

                    "We make met environment with probiotic".

                     

                    In other words, we sprinkle effective

                     

                    microorganisms and a fermentation microbe

                     

                    (lactic acid bacterium, yeast,

                     

                    photosynthetic bacteria) and make the

                     

                    soil better (the probiotic is higher than

                     

                    the viuses and bacteria which are a

                     

                    microbe letting a thing oxidize).

                     

                    Then we can enable the organic farming

                     

                    that we can revivify power of the

                     

                    original soil and is hard to match pest

                     

                    damage.

                     

                    (We interfere with being deceived by a

                     

                    disease and an insect even if we give an

                     

                    organic fertilizer)

                     

                    It is like such a thing when I gather

                     

                    it up.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    <What is an effective microorganisms?>

                     

                     

                     

                    The word "EM" took an initial of

                     

                    "Effective Microorganism" (useful microbe

                     

                    group), and EM is cultured by so many

                     

                    kinds of useful microbes.

                     

                    {* But "EM" is a coined word (trademark)

                     

                    by Professor Hika who is a advocate of

                     

                    EM, and is a central researcher.

                     

                    So,"EM" is not a technical term in the

                     

                    general microbiology.}

                     

                     

                     

                    We can measure the acidity (ph) in the

                     

                    soil, but it is difficult to measure the

                     

                    state of bacteria.

                     

                    It is difficult to confirm that to

                     

                    maintain the state (good balance) of

                     

                    the bacteria become a direct cause to

                     

                    prevent a disease and a pest.

                     

                     

                    On the other hand, it seems to be caused

                     

                    by the environment (including the state

                     

                    of the soil) that a pest comes, and

                     

                    branches and leaves get sick.

                     

                    I think that it is very good to sprinkle

                     

                    good bacteria because I do not spread

                     

                    bad bacteria.

                     

                    I make EM manure and EM wash and sprinkle

                     

                    it.

                     

                    I think that the result has just begun,

                     

                    but want to make the state an article.

                     

                     

                     

                    「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

                     

                    「I made EM manure!」

                     

                    「I made EM wash!」     

                     

                     

                    There are others, the related story, too.

                     

                     

                    Effective Microorganism

                    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                     

                     

                    「I tried fertilizer in November!」

                     

                    「I surround organic quality compound fertilizer in about February (initial fertilization).」

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     


                    ぁWatering

                     

                     

                    The lemon is not so weak against drying.

                     

                    In the case of a garden plant, there is

                     

                    little need to do watering other than hot

                     

                    summer. However, watering is important

                     

                    work to control growth. Therefore you

                     

                    will understand a precaution.

                     

                     

                     

                    <In the case of a gargen plant>

                     

                    We are careful not to become the shortage

                     

                    of water for from July to September that

                     

                    are the high temperature period. A tree

                     

                    take the damage when it becomes the

                     

                    shortage of water, and fruit does not

                     

                    grow big. Let's give water well by once

                     

                    for each morning and evening.

                     

                     

                     

                    <In the case of a potted plant>

                     

                    Because the range that the root grows is

                     

                    limited, periodical watering is

                     

                    necessary. When we put a bowl under

                     

                    the eaves to suppress the outbreak of

                     

                    illness, the soil of the bowl is careful

                     

                    not to dry in particular. If "the surface

                     

                    of the potting compost dries, the basics

                     

                    of the timing to water".

                     

                     

                     

                    In spring once in 2-3 days. In the summer

                     

                    1 to 2 times a day. In autumn once in 1-3

                     

                    days. In winter once in 3-7 days. This

                     

                    interval provide an indication of

                     

                    watering.

                     

                    When we make a little dry some potting

                     

                    compost until winter, cold resistance

                     

                    becomes strong. On the other hand,

                     

                    we water too much and are careful about

                     

                    decayed root being caused. "If the

                     

                    surface of the potting compost dries,

                     

                    we water".

                     

                     

                     

                    Outbreak of illness is controlled when we

                     

                    water in potting compost so that water

                     

                    does not hang over the branches and

                     

                    leaves. In addition, there seems to be

                     

                    the way called "leaf water-spray" with

                     

                    direct water over a leaf exceptionally,

                     

                    too.

                     

                    This is because it lowers side

                     

                    temperature of the leaves on a hot day,

                     

                    and it washes away a dirt and a pest.

                     

                    Let's perform it on a fine day and on a

                     

                    day to dry immediately.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    Do you plant a lemon in the garden? 

                     

                          Or,is it a potted plant?

                     

                     

                    A gargen plant

                     

                    <Merit>

                     

                    ・There are many harvests.

                     (a tree grows big)

                     

                    ・Transplantation is unnecessary.

                     

                    ・There is little number of times of

                     the watering.

                     

                     Except summer of the intense heat,

                     the watering is approximately

                     unnecessary.

                     

                     And so on.

                     

                    <Demerit>

                     

                    ・The number of years to harvesttime

                     is long.

                     

                    (After outdoor planting,

                     is it difficult for three years?)

                     

                    ・It is difficult to prevent cold.

                     

                     When the lemon is less than -3 degrees

                     Celsius, it may wither and die.

                     

                     Therefore we choose the cultivation

                     area.

                     

                    ・Because it is easy to become the big

                     tree, the pruning every year is

                     indispensable. And so on.

                     

                     

                    The first reason that purchased the tree

                     

                    of lemon for a garden plant is because I

                     

                    wanted to harvest a lot of fruit of the

                     

                    lemon.

                     

                    However, I became slightly afraid that I

                     

                    was in trouble if a lemon became so big

                     

                    and thick when I went to Shimanami Kaido

                     

                    and looked at the trunk of the lemon in

                     

                    the lemon field. From this year, I will

                     

                    prune the tree on lemon properly. It is

                     

                    difficult to prevent a trunk from

                     

                    becoming thick, but I'll try to prevent a

                     

                    tree from growing big.

                     

                     

                     

                    A potted plant

                     

                    <Merit>

                     

                    ・Years until the first fruition are

                     short.

                     

                    ・We can grow the fruit tree which is

                     vulnerable to cold.

                     

                     We can easily move the seedling of the

                     lemon to the room only in winter.

                     

                     (We do not choose an area and the

                     place)

                     

                    ・It is easy to bear a fruit.

                     

                    ・We can grow compactly.

                     

                    ・No worries about a disease and pest

                     if we grow lemons in the room.

                     

                    <Demerit>

                     

                    ・There are few harvests.

                     

                    ・Transplantation is necessary.

                     (We transplant it in 2-3 years)

                     

                    ・Watering is necessary frequently.

                     

                     And so on.

                     

                     

                     

                    *「It is easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant」

                     

                    When the branches and leaves grow too

                     

                    much popular, most of the nourishment

                     

                    are used by growth of the branches and

                     

                    leaves. As a result, the flowers and

                     

                    fruits cannot take the nourishment, and

                     

                    it is the tendency that the flowers

                     

                    and fruits do not grow. We can say this

                     

                    trend about overall tree not only a

                     

                    lemon.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    The growth of the branches and leaves

                     

                    links a root. In the case of a garden

                     

                    plant,the land where a root grows is

                     

                    large, so the growth of the branches

                     

                    and leaves is easy to become popular.

                     

                    As a result, the fruit becomes the

                     

                    tendency that is hard to grow.

                     

                    On the other hand,in the case of a potted

                     

                    plant,the growth of the root is limited,

                     

                    so the growth of the branches and leaves

                     

                    is limited, too. As a result, it becomes

                     

                    the tendency that fruit is easy to

                     

                    become.

                     

                     

                     

                    When we plant a stick seedling, it is

                     

                    necessary before the first fruition for

                     

                    4 through 6 years in the case of a garden

                     

                    plant, but becomes short for 3 through 5

                     

                    years in the case of a potted plant.

                     

                     

                     

                    In other words, the tree gives priority

                     

                    to grow oneself (now) than to leave the

                     

                    next generation (in the future).

                     

                    If a root cannot grow, a root stop

                     

                    growing oneself and try to begin to leave

                     

                    the next generation. I think "I use of

                     

                    this thought and want to find a method to

                     

                    preferentially grow fruits in the case of

                     

                    a garden plant,too".

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the

                      garden

                     

                     

                    👉 Proper time for plantation

                     

                    Proper time to plant the young plant of

                     

                    the lemon is from the end of February to

                     

                    the end of March in Japan. It is good for

                     

                    the plantation of the seedling becase the

                     

                    growth of the root is slow and there is

                     

                    little worry that a seedling is damaged

                     

                    by cold. In the case of the area where

                     

                    cold is severe, You may plant it before

                     

                    it starts sprouting in about April.

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 Place to plant a seedling

                     

                    When we plant a seedling in a sunny place

                     

                    and in the place that drainage has good,

                     

                    fruits grow well and come to have good

                     

                    quality. The place where a strong wind is

                     

                    easy to blow and chills are easy to

                     

                    collect will be hard to grow.

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 Plantation

                     

                    We dig the hole nearly 70cm - 100cm in

                     

                    diameter and 50cm - 75cm in depth. We

                     

                    dig up soil of area more than the size

                     

                    of the young plant. It is intended to

                     

                    plow the soil for the purpose of a root

                     

                    growing in the future. After having dug

                     

                    the hole, we coordinate it with the

                     

                    measurement of the acidity and put

                     

                    organic matter (humus or compost).

                     

                     

                    This organic matter is intended to make

                     

                    soil soft and fluffy, and to make

                     

                    drainage better as manure more. If it is

                     

                    a hole of 100cm in diameter and 75cm in

                     

                    depth, the humus mixes 48 - 60ℓ.

                     

                     

                     

                    When we plant a young plant, it prevents

                     

                    a grafted tree part from being covered in

                     

                    the soil and, also, when we put soil, we

                     

                    are careful not to be hard very much by

                     

                    stepping on our feet. In the case of a

                     

                    stick seedling, a rich branch will grow

                     

                    in the future when we cut it at a height

                     

                    of 40cm from a grafted tree part.

                     

                    And we fix a tree trunk with props for a

                     

                    while. We do not have to worry that a

                     

                    tree breaks by strong winds.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    And then we water well and add soil

                     

                    if soil is dented.

                     

                     

                    レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                     

                     

                    I still support it with a prop.! 

                     

                     

                    Even if a typhoon comes,

                     

                    it becomes the reliable materials.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 How to fix forms of the tree

                     

                    As many branches grow in May, we leave

                     

                    three branches which is rich and growing

                     

                    in a good direction, and other branch

                     

                    cuts it off.( we cultivate it so that

                     

                    three firm branches grow near the

                     

                    ground.)

                     

                    In the second-year March, about 1/3

                     

                    length cuts off all branches.

                     

                    And when a lot of branches are divided,

                     

                    we cut it off to become by 2-3 in one

                     

                    place.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    2017.09.17 Sunday

                    Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

                    0

                      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                       

                       


                       

                      Nursery tree of lemon

                       

                      The various kinds


                       

                       

                       

                      After I'll get a plant of lemon....

                       

                      Until a small fruit is being....

                       

                       

                       

                      While various blogs are being written....

                       

                      A plant of various lemons

                       

                      was being introduced.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      To have the so many kinds....

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      ■ Index

                       

                       1、Lisbon Lemon

                       

                       2、Happy Lemon

                       

                       3、Beer Flanker Lemon

                       

                       4、Eureka Lemon

                       

                       5、Meyer Lemon

                       

                       6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                       

                       7、Jumbo Lemon

                       

                       8、Sweet Lemon

                       

                       9、Princess Lemon

                       

                      10、Pinklemonade

                       

                      11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                       

                      12、Chinese Little Lemon

                       

                      13、Rinoka Lemon

                       

                      14、Ponteroza Lemon

                       

                      15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                       

                      16、Flower Yuzu

                       

                      17、Sudachi

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       Link to how to bring up lemon!!

                       

                      The record as which lemon is being trained actually was gathered with an occasional picture.

                       

                      "Is this the one done how?" but when having that,

                       

                      when I can receive at a glance,

                       

                      it's lucky!   

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      1、Lisbon Lemon

                       

                      My lemon is also Lisbon lemon.     大笑い

                       

                       

                      One of the main force kinds. Hard, tree vigor is recommended to a beginner by the fruitful kind, too.

                       

                       

                      To develop in the verticality direction, a branch tends to be a big tree.

                       

                      There is cold resistance compared with Eureka, so the occasion raising outdoors do is this kind.

                       

                      I'm rich in fruit juice, am strong in the sour taste and have the refreshing scent.

                       

                      There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                       

                      By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                       

                       

                      The last tree height : 2m〜3m

                      A harvest        : October-March

                      Cultivation suitable land : Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                       

                       

                       

                      3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      2、楽天 Optimistic about 1 winning a prize!   Happy lemon

                       

                      How to bring up, it also seems to be with a tour guide!

                       

                      Or, the report state depends on a season of an order.

                       

                      Is there a fruit of yellow lemon at the time of an order of the autumn-winter?

                       

                       

                      A kind ;  Ground lemon

                       

                       

                      When I become mature roundly actually by a cross of orange and lemon, I'm strong in orange.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      3rd grader, a plant of 4309 yen (including tax)


                      【幸せレモンの木】レモンの木 果樹苗 庭木 鉢苗 植木 苗木 苗 シンボルツリー 常緑 常緑樹 実のなる木 観葉植物 国産 ギフト ガーデニング【3年生苗/接ぎ木苗】【楽ギフ_包装】【楽ギフ_メッセ】【楽ギフ_メッセ入力】【新築祝/記念樹/庭植え】

                       

                       

                       

                      3、Beer Franker Lemon

                       

                      That almost prickle has big no characteristic.

                       

                      The flaw by the prickle is difficult to put on the fruit, and it's easy to work.

                       

                      That a strong prickle goes out while it's a sapling.

                       

                      The varietal characteristics of a fruit is near Eureka, the way where the cold resistance is weak.

                       

                      It's easy to bring up and it's the kind on which a fruit is often put.

                       

                      An abnormal fallen leaves in the late fall which you can watch carefully with other citrus fruits is a little kind.

                       

                      Eureka is setup and a branch has the aptitude spread in the side, while a branch of a beer flanker has the aptitude which becomes easy to develop in the verticalness direction. 

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      4、Eureka Lemon

                       

                      By one of the main force kinds, for beginners.

                       

                      The tree vigor is rather weak.

                       

                      There are few prickles relatively by the wing expanse.

                       

                      It's popular as a home fruiter by a delicacy and a perfume and of high quality.

                       

                      It's estimated, but the cold resistance is rather weak little compared with Lisbon.

                       

                      Well, the seed is rather little by 110-about 130 grams.

                       

                      The kind heat resistance tends to bring up relatively highly.

                       

                      There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                       

                      By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                       

                       

                       

                      The last tree height: 2-3m

                       

                      A harvest: 10-March

                       

                      Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Okinawa-ken

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      レモン 苗木 ユーレカレモン 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                      価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/11時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      5、Meyer Lemon

                       

                      It's mandarin and lemon whether the Meyer Lemon is orange.

                       

                      When a fruit takes on the roundness and is matured by the crossing kind which is so.

                       

                      A skin becomes orange.

                       

                      The sour taste is less than the general kind, and is it Judo?

                       

                      A juicy fruit is lemon of the feature by the flavor.

                       

                      The kind cold resistance and heat resistance tend to bring up relatively highly.

                       

                      There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                       

                      By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      The last tree height: 2m-3m

                       

                      A harvest: October-March

                       

                      Cultivation suitable land: Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      レモン 苗木 マイヤー 四季成 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                      価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/24時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      A second year plant of 2138 yen (including tax)


                      ◆予約販売(11月中旬〜下旬発送)◆ レモン 苗木 【ラフマイヤー】 2年生 接ぎ木 ポット苗 レモンの木 苗 常緑 果樹 柑橘 香酸柑橘 柑橘苗木 果樹苗木
                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                       

                      The kind a prickle is short relatively and by which harvesting is possible from Wakagi.

                       

                      It's rich in fruit juice and good for quality of fruit.

                       

                      The cold resistance is low compared with Lisbon, but growth of four seasons is strong.

                       

                      It's realized in 1.

                       

                      It's strongest to the cold in the lemon, and I come by raising outdoors at the sunny place where I don't get a

                       

                      north wind in a warm place and the Pacific Ocean side.

                       

                       

                       

                      The last tree height: About 2 m

                       

                      A harvest: October-March

                       

                      Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Chugoku Shikoku and Kyushu

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      7、Jumbo Lemon

                       

                      A huge fruit, impact, much!

                       

                      The sour taste milder than usual lemon.

                       

                      The kind which tends to be realized.

                       

                       

                       

                      2139 yen (including tax)


                      ジャンボレモンの苗 巨大な果実はインパクトたっぷり!通常のレモンよりもマイルドな酸味♪結実しやすい品種ですジャンボレモンの苗
                       

                       

                       

                       

                      8、Sweet Lemon

                       

                      Isn't it sour! Strange lemon.

                       

                      The sweet lemon by which Iran is origin.

                       

                      It isn't acidic and is lemon with the faint sweetness.

                       

                      It's called "rimu Sea lean (sweet lemon)" by Iran and eaten as a fruit necessary to a winter from the height of its nutritive value.

                       

                      That besides abundance of the vitamin C also is unique and is called "king in the citrus fruits" at the inside!

                       

                      Or, a flower is also fragrant and even if it's for appreciation, it's said that they can enjoy themselves.

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      レモンの木 スイートレモン 1年生 接ぎ木 苗 果樹苗 柑橘
                      価格:2268円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/28時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      9、Princess Lemon

                       

                      "Rare species" plant of princess lemon.

                       

                      Do you think that it's orange! But it's sour!

                       

                      Lemon of perpetual private result.

                       

                      Even a potted plant is the kind Makoto Sawayama will be. It's also called "red lemon".

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      ■良品果樹苗■姫レモン3号ポット苗
                      価格:898円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      10、Pink Lemonade

                       

                      The colorful lemon which is very uncommon to pink lemonade and has high enjoyment value.

                       

                      Variegation is very clean.

                       

                      How to enter the speckle of the leaf is excellent in particular.

                       

                      When one around a bud blooms by light pink, a flower becomes white, and I have a superficial scent.

                       

                      While while being young actually, green stripes enter, and ripening, stripes will be going off and be yellow lemon.

                       

                      A seed tends to use fruits in a dish little by beautiful pink, and you add a new color scheme.

                       

                      When it's colored perfectly, the variegated design goes off, so rather early profit is recommended.

                       

                      I'm sensitive to the cold, so I pay attention!

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      レモン 苗木 ピンクレモネード 15cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                      価格:4212円(税込、送料別) (2018/2/3時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                       

                      The lemon popular by the refreshing sour taste.

                       

                      This seed is the lemon I don't do market circulation of so much.

                       

                      A skin is also called an another name "green lemon", and is the lemon harvested inside the putting green.

                       

                      The mild sour taste is the taste which becomes a habit.

                       

                      It's good to slice and put it in tea!

                       

                      I pollinate myself, so a fruit will be in one.

                       

                       

                       

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      【花芽付き】サイパンレモン 苗木 6号 r(c19)
                      価格:4104円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      12、Chinese Little Lemon

                       

                      It's named lemon, but it's the tachibana of four seasons grown at Southeast Asia.

                       

                      You can thrust at a fruit with the hybrid of the tangerine orange and the kumquat throughout the year.

                       

                      It's akin to SHIKWASA which grows naturally in Okinawa, but NOBIRECHIN isn't included in fruit juice.

                       

                      There is also "about 6 times more than SHIKWASA of rutin" for the content of "citric acid".

                       

                      Well, it's fragrant and the sour taste is strong and it's possible to eat just as it is.

                       

                      Cold resistance is strong in the lemon, and it's also the feature that I'd like one with a fruit.

                       

                      I'm strong in the becoming nature of four seasons, from autumn to early summer, the golden age of profit.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      1st grader, a plant of 3456 yen (including tax)


                      チャイナリトルレモン《果樹苗》「☆」

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      13、Linoka Lemon

                       

                      Various improvement is added and is a new breed of the lemon on which I appeared in 2015 by the crossing kind of Lisbon lemon and sunny place summer.

                       

                      A fruit is in about 200 grams, too bigger than usual lemon, the sour taste is controlled and is the mellow food taste, and a seed islittle, and even a hand can also peel skin soft.

                       

                      Even one tree is born much, the harvest time is for about 1 month and a half also earlier than usual lemon.

                       

                      A prickle is easy to handle little.

                       

                      That the biggest feature is strong in "ulcer disease".

                       

                       

                       

                      1st grader, a plant of 3218 yen (including tax)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      14、Ponteroza Lemon

                       

                      The marvelous huge lemon first appearance!

                       

                      The quadruple size of the usual lemon! 300-about 400 g and sour taste are smooth, and the size is mild.

                       

                      Much fruit juice comes and comes in handy in juice and liqueur because it's big.

                       

                      A harvest time for warm place cultivation is from the beginning of October.

                       

                      It'll be in one.

                       

                      It's easy to make, and born so much.

                       

                      There are rather much prickles little, but it can be said that growing is dynamic.

                       

                      A fruit is the big actual lemon across which I come at a fruit department rather big.

                       

                      It's rather thick-skinned little.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      I graft 1st grader Pot plant ¥1,814- (including tax).

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                       

                      A fruit is big and is the fragrant kind in the citron.

                       

                      It's young that the long prickle can be made the branch which develops hard, and the feature.

                       

                      It's strongest to the cold in the citrus fruits,

                       

                      and when it's exposed to strong bise, I shed leaves, but when the temperature becomes high, it normally grows.

                       

                      It's strong in a disease carrier compared with other citrus fruits and without agricultural chemicals, the tree species I tend to grow.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      3240 yen (including tax)

                      [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                      本柚子(ホンユズ) 6号r
                      価格:3240円(税込、送料別) (2017/12/3時点)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      16、Flower Yuzu

                       

                      My citron, flower Yuzu (one year old Yuzu).   

                       

                       

                      It's the feature the Flower Yuzu is a little short compared with Yuzu, and that it's good with a fruit.

                       

                      A flower can use the fragrance of the white pretty citrus fruits for a dish actually.

                       

                      When a citrus fruiter is planted in a garden, it's said that a generation after generation (orange) person shines out.

                       

                      The Flower Yuzu are richer in fruit juice than Yuzu, and smells slightly.

                       

                      It's ideal to put it in distilled spirits!

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen (including tax)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      17、Sudachi

                       

                      Good luck, brought origin tree.

                       

                      The lucky citrus fruiter to which you say "A generation after generation (orange) person shines out." when it's planted in a garden.

                       

                      The flower is beautiful by an evergreen and there is a perfume.

                       

                      When one family has that, it comes in handy in a dish.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      4th grader, a plant of 4536 yen (including tax)

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      I can also exert myself、

                       

                       

                      if you push this banner!! 

                       

                       

                      ( my dog, namely KORO )

                       

                       

                       

                      Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

                       

                       

                      顔だよ。困る

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      2017.09.03 Sunday

                      Part 4-1

                      0

                        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        АLonghorn beetle

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 What is Longhorn Beetle?

                         

                        Adults appear in May - September. Bite the bark, mainly pierce the main trunk below 60 cm above the ground to lay eggs. The larvae eat the inside of the trees, and since it puts out wood chips and feces from the hole of the tree, it can be said that it is easy to discover. Larvae take 2 years to adult. Larvae become pupae in trees.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Damage to the longhorn beetle

                         

                        Larvae (commonly known as Teppoumushi) keeps eating under the bark in trees. As a result, trunks and branches become hollows, they may break or die. Adults harm the soft bark of a new treetop, which may cause branches to die. Damage to young trees is great, and many trees besides citrus are harmed.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Removal method 

                         

                        If you find an adult, you kill it. Also, if a branch or trunk has a round scratch, crush the egg because the possibility of the egg laying part is high. If a hole opens in a branch or a trunk, and the wood chips etc. are squirting, there is a possibility that there are larvae, so we insert a wire etc. and kill it.

                         

                         

                         

                        When using medicine, spray EMP emulsion and benica water-soluble material etc. from the middle of June to the middle of July when spawning begins. Scatter to the main trunk within 70 cm from the ground. In addition, wrapping palm fibers or newspapers around the trunk of 30 to 40 cm from the ground, it is also effective to prevent adult egg laying.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        ─Thrips

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 What is Thrips

                         

                        Even adults are small and 1-2 millimeters tall. Thrips repeats occurrence around 10 times a year. Larvae and adults suck juice of new buds, new leaves, flowers and fruit. Thrips occur frequently during high temperature and dryness in summer. So many thrips are born in a short period of time. Thrips prefers to inflict soft parts of plants.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Damage to thrips

                         

                        Thrips enter the flower and suck the juice. Buds are also targeted. As a result, the flowers do not flower, they become brown and wither. Moreover, the color may come out white. Leaves do not spread when thrips parasitize on sprouts. Fruits may have small spots on the skin. It may be like a scab. Be careful about virus mediation. At first glance, it is similar to the damage of spider mite, so to distinguish it we will check the insect.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Removal method

                         

                        In the visible phase, the medicine will show its effect, but if it gets into the flowers etc, the effect will be small. Pick up thrips and dispose of it. Thrips suck the juice mainly on the back of the leaves, so spray the medicine on the back of the leaves. You can also capture thrips by gluing a blue adhesive tape around the tree. You can prevent intrusion of thrips by sticking light reflection film etc around the tree.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        5、Disease of the lemon

                         

                         

                         

                         Melanose

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Symptom

                         

                        I see it in the period when it rains around June to September. Even in the high temperature period around August and the temperature falling after November, the spreading speed is slow. Bacteria of Melanose that live in the soil bounce back with rain and water and get stuck to the leaves on the bottom to infect them. It is also called early blight or black stars disease. When rain continues, Symptom frequently occurs. As the number of leaves decreases, the force of tree growth is weaken and flowers bloom less easily. It can be said that any fruit tree catch this disease. It is a disease that is particularly prone to young branches and leaves.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Workaround

                         

                        Immediately remove the diseased leaves, and also remove the falling leaves. I will wipe the medicine about every 3 days, about 3 to 4 times.

                         

                         

                         

                        If all the leaves have fallen without correcting Melanose, organize the withered, thin, small branches and cut lightly the branches. It is effective to remove sick leaves that fell to the ground and give a lot of potash fertilizer. 

                         

                         

                         

                        If sprout comes out after removing sick leaves, preventive medicine is sprayed to prevent recurrence. In the case of potted plants it is also effective to evacuate to a place not exposed to rain. It is also good to sterilize the ground surface. 

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Points to watch out for

                         

                         

                        a Clean the dead leaves and branches so that they do not fall on the root of the tree. 

                         

                         

                         Water the roots of the trees so that branches and leaves do not get wet.

                         

                         

                         Make sure that the tree does not hit the rain.

                         

                         

                         To prevent water from bouncing, lay multiple sheets etc.

                         

                         

                         If it finds out the occurrence, remove it, sprinkle the medicine to prevent spreading.

                         

                         

                         Do not make fertilizer run out.

                         

                         

                         Do not apply more nitrogen fertilizer at one time.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 An effective fungicide

                         

                         Aerosol                         ; Ortran C, Benica DX etc.

                         

                         Spraying agent           ; Benica X Spray etc.

                         

                         Before it occurs          ; Daconille 1000 etc.

                         

                         Early stage of onset  ; Supple emulsion etc.        

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Symptom

                         

                        Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri prefers low temperature and it infects by rain and wind. It is a disease that occurs against a wide range of things, such as fruits, flowers and branches. Sometimes lesion spots are formed on the spring leaves, the center becoming cork and becoming rough. The surroundings are accompanied by a yellow blur. Especially, if a branch has a wound, it infects from there. On the branches of summer and autumn, Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri frequently occurs on the edible traces of Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Workaround

                         

                        This disease is a bacterial disease, and in order to prevent it, make sure that the plant does not get exposed to strong rain and wind, while allowing the wind to pass well. In the winter, we will cut away the dead branches and dispose of them. Drugs are not very effective, but the next drugs are sprayed once each before the onset of disease, just before flowering, immediately after flowering, during rainy season, when the typhoon is coming, spray it before it comes.

                         

                         

                         

                        <Applicable drug>

                         

                        Bordeaux solution

                        Copper wettable powder + carbonate lime

                        Streptomycin agent etc.

                         

                         

                         

                         


                         Elsinoë fawcettii

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Symptom
                         

                        Elsinoë is common in violets and citrus fruits. Initially, a scab scar is formed on the leaves, stems and young branches, and many small white and brown round spots appear. As the spot gradually becomes 2 to 3 mm, the middle becomes scab-like in shape. When the disease progresses, in the case of leaves the spot will break and the hole will open, in the case of the branches it will deform and twist and shrink.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Workaround

                         

                        Pathogens are a type of filamentous fungus (mold). The scab which can be in the lesion part is the source of the spores. It will pass winter as it is. The temperature is around 22 to 24 ° C, and it is likely to occur if the ventilation is bad. Because it spreads out by rain, we prevent it by vinyl etc. to prevent leaves etc from hitting the rain. In addition, it removes branches and leaves with lesions that are a source of infection, also collects fallen leaves and incinerates it.

                         

                         

                         

                        Mid to late April (germination period), late May (period when the flowers fall), and middle to late June. This three times, spray the following medicines.

                         

                         

                         

                        <Applicable drug>

                         

                        Dithianon wettable powder

                        Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                        Benomyl wettable powder, etc.

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        ぁGray mold

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Symptom

                         

                        At the beginning, light brown spots like water seems to be formed. After that, spots will grow sharply and rot. As symptoms develop, gray and gray green molds will appear to cover lesions when wet. Gray mold crosses the winter on its plants with mycelium status. At around 20 degrees Celsius, it generates spores at times of heavy rain. Spores are scattered by the wind.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Workaround

                         

                        Because it occurs frequently in a humid environment, pruning is carried out as appropriate so that it does not become overgrown. Pay attention to ventilation. Apply to sunshine enough for potted plants. It is also effective to store the harvested fruit immediately after placing it in a well-ventilated place for 3-4 days without storing it immediately. The diseased part will be removed as soon as it is found, and if the damage is severe its all stump will be incinerated.

                         

                         

                         

                        If you spread the following medicine before harvest you can prevent the onset.

                         

                         

                        <Applicable drug>

                         

                        Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                        Benomyl wettable powder

                        Guazatine liquid medicine etc.

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        ァCercospora leaf mold

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Symptom

                         

                        Like the soot is covered, the leaves, trunks and branch surfaces become black and dirty. The soot will gradually spread and the coating will cover the entire surface. Breathability and sunshine are poor, prefer a humid environment, Cercospora leaf mold occurs. There is something that happens parasitically on the excretion of sucking pests. And there is something that ingest nutrients directly from plants.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Workaround

                         

                        It is best not to leave insect pests (such as Coccoidea and aphids) that cause bacteria. Frequent pruning is important because it is likely to occur when breathability or sunshine is bad.

                         

                         

                         

                        <Applicable drug>

                         

                        Sumithion emulsion

                        Ortran wettable powder

                        Actilic emulsion etc.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Painted Polymita eats it

                         

                         

                         

                        "Painted Polymita(Kodama Maimai)" which is said to be the world's most beautiful snail eats "Cercospora leaf mold". However, it is difficult to continue to give "Cercospora leaf mold" as a food. In addition, it appeared in Annex I in the Washington Treaty of 2016, it became difficult to import, it seems to be difficult to use as a beneficial insect.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        6、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                         

                         

                         A leaf is yellow

                         

                        The leaves slowly turn yellow, and then it falls down, there are cases of leaf lifetime. However, there seems to be a possibility that the roots are damaged.

                         

                         

                         

                        < Cause yellow leaves >

                         

                        ・ Leaf lifetime

                        ・ Root rot

                        ・ Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen shortage)

                        ・ Water shortage

                        ・ Sunlight is strong

                        ・ The temperature is low

                        ・ Spider mite smoked leaf juice, etc.

                         

                         

                        We must take measures against each factor. However, once a leaf turns yellow, even if you take measures, there is nothing to return to green again. If you want to return to green, leave a few leaves at the tip and remove other yellow leaves. The young trees of lemon grow branches and leaves well (tree is strong). Sprouts come out relatively soon and only become green leaves.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Roots are damaged

                         


                         

                        Leaves gradually turn yellow and eventually fall. If the number is small, it is the life span of the leaves, but if there are many, the root may be damaged.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 The temperature is low

                         


                         

                        It gradually withers from the tip and becomes crisp. If it falls below minus 3 ℃ it will be more likely to occur.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen deficiency)

                         

                         

                         

                        The green gradually becomes thin, and when it is terrible it turns yellow as a whole. The cause may have a reason other than just a single element such as nitrogen is missing.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Manganese deficiency etc.

                         

                         

                         

                        The veins of a leave will yellow. If the condition is bad it will cause abnormal fallen leaves. There is a possibility that the alkalinity of the soil is high.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        ◆The spots of the leaves is yellow

                         

                          👉 Five elements of fertilizer

                         

                         

                         

                        a、Nitrogen (It becomes the basis of the protein necessary for the new organization to grow)

                         

                         

                        Nitrogen is mainly effective for growing plants. Especially it makes leaves bigger, it is said to be fertilizer for leaves (HAGOE). If it is too much, it will become spindly growth and weak and will be more vulnerable to pests. Growth will be worse if it is not enough. The green becomes thin (it decomposes leaves' proteins and reuses them), the leaves become pale yellow. (It will turn yellow from the lower leaves close to the ground) 

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Nitrogen is easy to starve so be careful!

                         

                         

                         Nitrogen becomes nitrate nitrogen due to the action of microorganisms in the soil,

                              and it flows away with rain.

                         

                         

                         

                         When cow manure compost containing sawdust was applied, when the amount of cow dung

                              is small relative to the amount of sawdust, microorganisms ingest nitrogen as food.

                         

                         

                        As mentioned above, even if 3 elements are applied, nitrogen may be deficient, so be careful.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        b、phosphoric acid

                         

                         

                        Phosphoric acid mainly relates to flowering and fruiting. It is said to be flower fertilizer (HANAGOE) or fruit fertilizer (MIGOE). Too much phosphoric acid will deplete iron, magnesium and zinc. On the other hand, less phosphoric acid causes delayed flowering and fruiting due to poor growth, and fruit quality and yield decrease. Phosphoric acid excess promotes potassium deficiency and induces iron deficiency.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        c、Potassium

                         

                         

                        It is said to be root fertilizer (NEGOE) as it mainly relates to root development and adjustment of osmotic pressure within the cell. Because it is easy to flow because of its water solubility, it is effective if you gradually apply it. When the potassium is insufficient, dead leaves and fallen leaves are seen early (it turns yellow from the edge of the leaf and its surroundings), it becomes more susceptible to disease. In addition, the growth of the roots becomes worse, it becomes easy to cause root rot.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        d、Calcium (lime)

                         

                        Calcium mainly works to strengthen the cell wall and strengthen disease resistance of crops. Since the soil of the field gradually tends to be gradually acidic, be sure to mix it according to the acidity (pH) of the soil before planting. If you can keep the soil in a state close to neutrality, the roots are good and you can increase the beneficial bacteria of soil microorganisms. Calcium deficiency seems to occur easily due to excessive nitrogen or lack of water.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        e、Magnesium

                         

                        It is a substance indispensable for the formation of chlorophyll which synthesizes carbohydrates. If it is insufficient, the generation of chlorophyll decreases and the photosynthesis works worse. It also serves as an active agent for important enzymes in the body. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency are characterized by chlorosis (leaving whitening due to loss of chlorophyll) between leaf veins. In other words, the pulse of the leaf is still green, but the space between the pulse of the leaf and the pulse becomes yellow and it looks like a pattern of a tiger. For magnesium deficiency symptoms, it seems effective to spray magnesium on the leaf face.

                         

                         

                         

                        Leaves may become yellow due to excess or deficiency of nutrients.

                         

                        Please refer to the above.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Especially in my lemon trees, yellowing stopped by applying magnesium(dolomitic lime).

                         

                        I think that it is important to look at the state of the leaves and seek the cause.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer

                         

                         

                        👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


                         Flowers fall (flowers do not bloom)

                         

                        ぁThe fruit drops

                         

                         

                        The following problems are considered as causes of and .

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Saplings are too young.

                         

                         

                         「"It takes a long time for fruit for the first time"

                         

                         Please refer to this blog post. 

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 There is a problem with daily management.

                         

                           ・ Lack of sunshine

                         

                          ・ Cold protection measures

                         

                          ・ Water shortage / root rot

                         

                          ・ Excess or shortage of fertilizer

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

                         

                          「It takes a long time for fruit for the first time」

                         

                          「Pruning lemon」         See the article.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

                         

                         

                         

                        👉  A biennial bearing.

                         

                          Including explanation of Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 I pruned too much.

                         

                         

                         

                        The reason why flowers and fruits fall are various as described above. In order to respond to it, I would like to observe the condition of lemon trees sufficiently and also to understand what kind of way of raising now. For example, I'd like to confirm "how much did you harvest last year," "When and how much fertilization was done," "how did you prune branches?" etc.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I think that it is difficult to accurately determine the cause, but I would like to respond appropriately by observing and verifying every day. I am planning to record the state of the monthly every month. How many years passed after purchasing seedlings? What is the condition of the lemon tree at that time?

                        You can observe from various perspectives.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I hope for your reference.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        7、Monthly work, monthly record

                         

                         

                        I try to keep monthly growth record.

                        I would like to mention here about the work to be done monthly by month.

                         

                        It is written in Japanese, but if you do not mind, please read it.

                         

                         

                        "From here" can come in.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Thank you very much for reading

                         

                        through to the end.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Based on this blog "How to grow lemon"

                         

                        I would like to continue

                         

                        verification of lemon cultivation.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I hope to update this blog every time

                         

                        I can check the results.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        If you refer to this blog on occasion,

                         

                        I am very pleased.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Thank you very much. 

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        korolemon

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Calendar
                          12345
                        6789101112
                        13141516171819
                        20212223242526
                        2728293031  
                        << January 2019 >>
                        ご覧頂きありがとうございます。
                        @korolemon
                        スポンサーリンク
                        ランキングに参加しています。宜しくお願いします!!
                        にほんブログ村 花・園芸ブログ 果樹・野菜(家庭菜園)へ
                        にほんブログ村
                        ブログ感覚でHPを簡単作成
                        日本ブログ村ランキング
                        PVアクセスランキング にほんブログ村
                        Selected Entries
                        Categories
                        Archives
                        Recent Comment
                        • 今年のスケジュールを再度確認!
                          korolemon (01/16)
                        • 今年のスケジュールを再度確認!
                          海月 (01/16)
                        • 今年のスケジュールを再度確認!
                          korolemon (01/14)
                        • 今年のスケジュールを再度確認!
                          yukikami27 (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          korolemon (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          korolemon (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          ゆいゆい、 (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          海月 (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          korolemon (01/14)
                        • 難しかった、「いちご大福」。 もう2度と作らないレシピに登録。
                          gerogero (01/13)
                        Recommend
                        バースデー プレート
                        バースデー プレート (JUGEMレビュー »)

                        大切な人へ。

                        生涯残る、唯一の贈り物。
                        Links
                        Profile
                        Search this site.
                        Others
                        Mobile
                        qrcode
                        Powered by
                        30days Album
                        無料ブログ作成サービス JUGEM